Skip to main content

Unfortunately we don't fully support your browser. If you have the option to, please upgrade to a newer version or use Mozilla Firefox, Microsoft Edge, Google Chrome, or Safari 14 or newer. If you are unable to, and need support, please send us your feedback.

Publish with us
Subtendinous Calcaneal Bursa (Left)
Connective Tissue

Subtendinous Calcaneal Bursa (Left)

Bursa subtendinea calcanea

Read more


Bursae are sac-like structures, with an inner synovial membrane, that produces a thin film of synovial fluid. They aid in reducing friction between moving tissues of the body, such as between tendon and bone, ligament and bone, tendons and ligaments, and between muscles.

Inflammation of the bursa is known as bursitis. If the inflammation is due to injury or strain, it is known as aseptic bursitis. However, if the inflammation is caused by infection, it is known as septic bursitis.

Complete Anatomy
The world's most advanced 3D anatomy platform
Try it for Free

Anatomical Relations

The subtendinous calcaneal bursa is located between the posterior surface of the calcaneus bone and the distal part of the calcaneal (Achilles’) tendon. The anterior wall of this bursa is fibrocartilaginous, while the posterior wall is relatively thin and blends with the outer fibers (epitendon) of the calcaneal tendon (Standring, 2016).


The subtendinous calcaneal bursa allows the calcaneal tendon to glide over the calcaneus bone.

List of Clinical Correlates

—Calcaneal bursitis

—Haglund’s disease


Standring, S. (2016) Gray's Anatomy: The Anatomical Basis of Clinical Practice. Gray's Anatomy Series 41st edn.: Elsevier Limited.

Learn more about this topic from other Elsevier products

Synovial Bursa

ScienceDirect image

Synovial bursae provide a gliding surface and a cushion for soft tissues as they pass over skeletal prominences and are found over bone and under muscle, tendon, ligament, fascia, or skin.

Explore on ScienceDirect(opens in new tab/window)

Complete Anatomy

The world's most advanced 3D anatomy platform

Complete Anatomy