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Transverse Cervical Veins
Cardiovascular System

Transverse Cervical Veins

Venae transversae colli

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Quick Facts

Origin: Union of small vessels in the trapezius muscle.

Course: Passes within the posterior triangle of the neck to enter the external jugular vein.

Tributaries: None.

Drainage: Trapezius muscle.

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The transverse cervical vein begins in the trapezius muscle as small tributaries that unite.


From its origin, it traverses the posterior triangle of the neck and crosses the anterior surface of the scalenus anterior muscle. The transverse cervical vein drains into the external jugular vein (80%), the subclavian vein (12%), or both (8%) (Haas and Weiglein, 2009).


There are no named tributaries.

Structures Drained

The transverse cervical vein helps drain the trapezius muscle.


Haas, F. and Weiglein, A. (2009) 'CHAPTER 21 - Trapezius flap', in Wei, F.-C. & Mardini, S. (eds.) Flaps and Reconstructive Surgery. Edinburgh: W.B. Saunders, pp. 249-269.

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Complete Anatomy