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Perforating Branch of Fibular Artery (Left)
Cardiovascular System

Perforating Branch of Fibular Artery (Left)

Ramus perforans arteriae fibularis

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Quick Facts

Origin: Fibular artery in the distal leg.

Course: Pierces the interosseus membrane as it descends inferomedially.

Branches: Contributes to the lateral malleolar network.

Supplied Structures: Anterior and lateral aspects of the ankle joint.

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Origin

The primary perforating branch of the fibular artery arises 5 cm proximal to the lateral malleolus of the fibula (Tubbs, Shoja and Loukas, 2016; Standring, 2016).

Course

The perforating branch of the fibular artery pierces the interosseous membrane and enters the anterior compartment of the leg. It anastomoses with the anterior lateral malleolar artery and descends anterior to the inferior tibiofibular syndesmosis. Occasionally, this vessel may replace the dorsalis pedis artery. In this case, the perforating branch is enlarged (Standring, 2016).

Branches

There are no named branches; however, the perforating branch of the fibular artery contributes to the lateral malleolar network via its anastomosis with the anterior lateral malleolar artery, the lateral malleolar branches of the fibular artery, and the lateral tarsal artery.

Supplied Structures

The perforating branch of the fibular artery supplies the lateral aspect of the ankle joint and the inferior tibiofibular joint.

References

Standring, S. (2016) Gray's Anatomy: The Anatomical Basis of Clinical Practice. Gray's Anatomy Series 41st edition edn.: Elsevier Limited.

Tubbs, R. S., Shoja, M. M. and Loukas, M. (2016) Bergman's Comprehensive Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation. Wiley.

Learn more about this topic from other Elsevier products

Fibular Artery

ScienceDirect image

The fibular artery and vein often lie adjacent to the SPN (zoom or power Doppler, “pulsating dot” sign).

Explore on ScienceDirect(opens in new tab/window)

Complete Anatomy

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