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Gastroduodenal Artery
Cardiovascular System

Gastroduodenal Artery

Arteria gastroduodenalis

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Quick Facts

Origin: Common hepatic artery.

Course: Passes nearly vertically inferiorly, posterior to the first part of the duodenum.

Branches: Posterior superior pancreaticoduodenal, retroduodenal, supraduodenal, right gastroomental, and anterior superior pancreaticoduodenal arteries.

Supplied Structures: Stomach, duodenum, pancreas, and greater omentum.

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Origin

The gastroduodenal artery arises from the distal end of the common hepatic artery, posterior and superior to the first part of the duodenum.

Course

The gastroduodenal artery descends inferiorly, posterior to the first (retroperitoneal) portion of the duodenum, to the left of the common bile duct.

Branches

The gastroduodenal artery gives rise to the posterior superior pancreaticoduodenal, retroduodenal, supraduodenal, right gastroomental, and anterior superior pancreaticoduodenal arteries.

Supplied Structures

The gastroduodenal artery supplies the stomach (right side, along greater curvature), and greater omentum (right side), duodenum (primarily its first and second parts), and pancreas (superior half).

Learn more about this topic from other Elsevier products

Gastroduodenal Artery

ScienceDirect image

The gastroduodenal artery arising from the common hepatic artery, a branch of the celiac trunk, becomes the superior pancreaticoduodenal artery as it passes behind the first portion of the duodenum.

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Complete Anatomy

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