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Common Hepatic Artery
Cardiovascular System

Common Hepatic Artery

Arteria hepatica communis

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Origin

The common hepatic artery arises from the celiac trunk.

Course

The common hepatic artery first courses in an anterolateral direction superior to the pancreas. It continues towards the first portion of the duodenum where it gives rise the right gastric artery.

It then travels anterosuperiorly and bifurcates into its terminal branches; the gastroduodenal artery and the hepatic artery proper.

Branches

The first branch of the common hepatic artery, the right gastric artery, anastomosis with the left gastric artery.

The gastroduodenal artery travels inferiorly and divides into its terminal branches; the right gastroomental and anterior pancreaticoduodenal arteries.

The hepatic artery proper crosses the portal vein anteriorly and bifurcates into the left and right hepatic arteries.

Supplied Structures

The right gastric artery anastomosis with the left gastric artery to supply the lesser curvature of the stomach.

The gastroduodenal artery supplies the greater curvature of the stomach and greater omentum via the right gastroomental artery. This artery anastomosis with the left gastroomental artery, a branch of the splenic artery.

The gastroduodenal artery also gives several branches to supply portions of the pancreas and duodenum. The main branches are the anterior superior pancreaticoduodenal and posterior superior pancreaticoduodenal arteries.

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Common Hepatic Artery

ScienceDirect image

The splenic and common hepatic arteries arise from the celiac trunk and supply most of the blood supply to the pancreas through many branches with a highly variable pattern.

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