Success of First World Congress of Pediatric Urology Underscores Increasing Importance of Specialty

Papers Published in The Journal of Urology and the Journal of Pediatric Urology

Philadelphia, PA, 28 April, 2011 – The first World Congress of Pediatric Urology was held in San Francisco in May 2010, bringing together the largest and most successful international congregation of pediatric urologists ever assembled. As part of a collaborative effort, The Journal of Urology and the Journal of Pediatric Urology have together published the landmark papers presented at this meeting.

The vitality of clinical and basic pediatric urology research was evident at the Congress held in conjunction with the annual meeting of the American Urological Association (AUA). “This Congress has laid the foundation for the development of future similar meetings where the international community of pediatric urology can share ideas,” commented Anthony A. Caldamone, MD, The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University and Co-Editor, Journal of Pediatric Urology. “It was truly a step forward in the maturation of pediatric urology as a specialty worldwide.”

Keynote speaker Dr. David Bloom summarized the “First 50 years of Pediatric Urology” blending factual information with entertaining observations. Other conference highlights included Professor Christopher Woodhouse, the Meredith Campbell Lecturer, who spoke on the important topic of transitional care as pediatric urologic patients move into adulthood. Dr. Bernard Churchill provided new insights on nanotechnology and its potential application in pediatric urology. Dr. Alyssa Lebel, the Kelm Hjalmas ICCS Memorial Lecturer, discussed the intricacies of neural circuits and micturition as evaluated by functional MRI. Dr. Craig Peters reviewed some of the controversial points of vesicoureteral reflux treatment and Dr. John Brock summarized the impact of prenatal diagnosis on the practice of pediatric urology.

Panel discussions covered such topics as the long-term implications of testicular maldescent, treatment of nocturnal enuresis, regenerative medicine, minimally invasive surgery, hypospadias surgery, pediatric varicoceles, disorders of sexual development and Wilms tumor treatment.

World Congress Planning Committee Chair, Marc Cendron, MD, Associate Professor in Surgery (Urology), Harvard Medical School, observed that “the meeting achieved its stated goal which was to bring together as many pediatric urologists and nurses from around the world as possible since a final participant tally was well over 1000 representing over 60 countries. The ground work for a second World Congress of Pediatric Urology has been laid out.”

Through the generosity of the American Urological Association, the Journal of Pediatric Urology Company and Elsevier, publisher of both journals, all articles have been made openly available online so that all pediatric urologists have access to these important contributions to the pediatric urology literature.

Articles appear in The Journal of Urology, Supplement to Volume 185:6 (June 2011), which is freely accessible at , and a special issue ofthe Journal of Pediatric Urology devoted to the conference papers,Volume 7, Issue 3 (June 2011), which is freely accessible at

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Full text of articles is available to credentialed journalists upon request and also freely accessible at and To obtain copies or request an interview, contact Rachael Zaleski at 215-239-3658 or email

The Journal of Urology, Supplement to Volume 185:6 (June 2011)
Guest Editors:
H. Gil Rushton, MD, Children’s National Medical Center, Washington, DC
David B. Joseph, MD, Children’s Hospital, Birmingham, AL
Anthony A. Caldamone, The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI

Table Of Contents

Foreword: First World Congress of Pediatric Urology
M. Cendron


Acquired Undescended Testes in Boys With Hypospadias
T. Itesako, K. Nara, F. Matsui, F. Matsumoto and K. ShimadaEndocrine Assessment of Prepubertal Boys With History of Cryptorchidism and/or Hypospadias: Pilot Study
S. Iwatsuki, Y. Kojima, K. Mizuno, H. Kamisawa, Y. Umemoto, S. Sasaki, K. Kohri and Y. Hayashi (Editorial Comment by G. E. Tasian)Evolution of Single Practice Trends in Surgical Approach to Undescended Testicle
S.P. Cuda, A.K. Srinivasan, J. Kalisvaart and A.J. Kirsch (Editorial Comment by J. Wan)Management of Looping Vas Deferens During Laparoscopic Orchiopexy
M.M. Shalaby, A.M. Shoma, F.G. Elanany, E.O. Elganainy and M.A. El-Akkad (Editorial Comment by S. Dave)

Testicular Torsion

Pediatric Testicular Torsion: Demographics of National Orchiopexy Versus Orchiectomy Rates
N.G. Cost, N.C. Bush, T.D. Barber, R. Huang and L.A. BakerSalvage of Bilateral Asynchronous Perinatal Testicular Torsion
C.C. Roth, G.C. Mingin and J. Ortenberg (Editorial Comment by H.M. Snyder, III)Familial Testicular Torsion
J. Cubillos, J.S. Palmer, S.C. Friedman, J. Freyle, F.C. Lowe and L S. Palmer (Editorial Comment by L. Baker)

Hypospadias/Penile Surgery

Structural Study of Prepuce in Hypospadias—Does Topical Treatment With Testosterone Produce Alterations in Prepuce Vascularization?
A.N. Bastos, L R.S. Oliveira, C.E.P.F. Ferrarez, A.A. de Figueiredo, L.A. Favorito and J.M.B. Netto“Hanging” of Buccal Mucosal Graft for Urethral Stricture Repair After Failed Hypospadias
M.L. Djordjevic, V. Kojovic, M. Bizic, M. Majstorovic, V. Vukadinovic and G. KoracOutcomes of Hypospadias Repair in Older Children: Prospective Study
A. Ziada, A. Hamza, M. Abdel-Rassoul, E. Habib, A. Mohamed and M. Daw (Editorial Comment by M.R. Zaontz)Simplified Surgical Approach to Congenital Megaprepuce: Fixing, Unfurling and Tailoring Revisited
E. Ruiz, R. Vagni, C. Apostolo, J. Moldes, H. Rodrıguez, M. Ormaechea, C. Giuseppucci, F. de Badiola, J. Bortagaray and C. Perea

Posterior Urethral Valve

Posterior Urethral Valves: Multivariate Analysis of Factors Affecting Final Renal Outcome
O.M. Sarhan, A.A. El-Ghoneimi, T.E. Helmy, M.S. Dawaba, A.M. Ghali and E.I. Ibrahiem (Editorial Comment by G. Smith)Setting Speed Limit: Pilot Study of Rate of Serum Creatinine Decrease After Endoscopic Valve Ablation in Neonates
A.V. Deshpande, B.S. Alsaywid and G.H.H. Smith (Editorial Comment by G. Steinhardt)Risk Factors Associated With Chronic Kidney Disease in Patients With Posterior Urethral Valves Without Prenatal Hydronephrosis
D.L. Engel, J.C. Pope, IV, M.C. Adams, J.W. Brock, III, J.C. Thomas and S.T. TanakaPosterior Urethral Valve Treatments and Outcomes in Children Receiving Kidney
M.S. Fine, K.M. Smith, D. Shrivastava, M.E. Cook and A.R. Shukla


Simplified Open Approach to Surgical Treatment of Ureteropelvic Junction Obstruction in Young Children and Infants
E. Ruiz, R. Soria, E. Ormaechea, M.M. Urquizo Lino, J.M. Moldes and F.I. de BadiolaComparison of Learning Curve and Outcomes of Robotic Assisted Pediatric Pyeloplasty
M.D. Sorensen, C. Delostrinos, M.H. Johnson, R.W. Grady and T S. Lendvay (Editorial Comment by C.A. Peters)BMP-7–Smad1/5/8 Pathway Promotes Kidney Repair After Obstruction Induced Renal Injury
S.R. Manson, R.A. Niederhoff, K.A. Hruska and P.F. Austin

Vesicoureteral Reflux

Salvage Dextranomer-Hyaluronic Acid Copolymer for Persistent Reflux After Ureteral Reimplantation: Early Success Rates
Y. Bar-Yosef, M. Castellan, D. Joshi, A. Labbie and R. Gosalbez (Editorial Comment by A.J. Kirsch)Can We Rely on Presence of Dextranomer-Hyaluronic Acid Copolymer Mounds on Ultrasound to Predict Vesicoureteral Reflux Resolution After Injection Therapy?
I. Zamilpa, M.A. Koyle, R.W. Grady, B.D. Joyner, M. Shnorhavorian and T.S. Lendvay (Editorial Comments by M. Cendron and W.H. Cerwinka)Efficacy of Oral Midazolam for Decreasing Anxiety in Children Undergoing Voiding Cystourethrogram: Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo Controlled Study
G.G. Ferguson, C. Chen, Y. Yan, M.E. Royer, M. Campigotto, E.J. Traxel, D.E. Coplen and P F. Austin (Editorial Comment by C.S. Cooper

Neuropathic Bladder

Management of Urinary Tract in Spina Bifida Cases Varies With Lesion Level and Shunt Presence
P. Metcalfe, D. Gray and D. KiddooEffects of Botulinum Toxin Type A in Bladder Wall of Children With Neurogenic Bladder Dysfunction: Comparison of Histological Features Before and After Injections
M.P. Pascali, G. Mosiello, R. Boldrini, M.L. Salsano, E. Castelli and M. De GennaroSimplified Technique for Botulinum Toxin Injections in Children With Neurogenic Bladder
M.P. Pascali, G. Mosiello, A. Marciano, M.L. Capitanucci, A.M. Zaccara and M. De Gennaro

Bladder Reconstruction/Transplantation

Bladder Neck Reconstruction is Often Necessary After Complete Primary Repair of Exstrophy
P. Gargollo, W.H. Hendren, D.A. Diamond, M. Pennison, R. Grant, I. Rosoklija, A.B. Retik and J.G. Borer (Editorial Comment by R.M. Cervellione)Extravesical Implantation of Continent Catheterizable Channel
B.A. VanderBrink, M. Kaefer, M.P. Cain, K.K. Meldrum, R. Misseri and R.C. Rink (Editorial Comment by M.K. Hanna)Use of Inflatable Silicone Balloon Improves Success Rate of Bladder Autoaugmentation at Long-Term Followup
F. Trigo Rocha, H. Bruschini, J.A. Figueiredo, M.G. Machado, C.M. Gomes, F. Mascarenhas and M. SrougiCadaver Donor Kidney Retransplantation in Pediatric Patient: Complications and Long-Term Outcome
E. Lledo-Garcıa, C. Hernandez-Fernandez, D. Subira-Rıos, J.M. Dıez-Cordero, R. Duran-Merino, F. Herranz-Amo, F. Verdu-Tartajo, M. Moralejo-Garate, G. Bueno-Chomon, G. Ogaya-Pinies, D. Morales and A. Luque-de Pablos Journal of Pediatric Urology, Volume 7:3 (June 2011) – WCPU Special Issue
Guest Editors:

H. Gil Rushton, MD, Children’s National Medical Center, Washington, DC
David B. Joseph, MD, Children’s Hospital, Birmingham, AL
Anthony A. Caldamone, The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI

Table of Contents

Editorial: J. D. Frank, P. Mouriquand, A.A. CaldamoneForeword: The First World Congress of Pediatric Urology
M. Cendron

Stones and Stone Management

Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy for the Management of Stones in Anomalous Kidneys In Children
H.M. Abdeldaeim, S.A.I.M. Hamdy and I.A. MokhlessComparative Analysis of Nephrolithiasis in Otherwise Healthy Versus Medically Complex Gastrostomy Fed Children
P.J. Smith, S. Basravi, B.J. Schlomer, N.C. Bush, B.J. Brown, A. Gingrich and L.A. BakerSafety and Efficacy of PCNL for Management ff Staghorn Calculi In Pediatric Patients
R. Kumar, A. Anand, V. Saxena, A. Seth, P.N. Dogra and N.P. GuptaAssessment of Recoverability of Kidney Function in Children with Obstructive Calcular Anuria: Multicenter Study
A.M. Ziada, O.M. Sarhan, E.I. Habib, N. ElTabie, M.El Sheemy, H.A. Morsi, M.N. ElGhonemy, T. Helmy, M. Dawaba, A. Ghali, M.A. Eissa

Urinary Tract Infections and VUR

The Inguinal Approach to Extravesical Ureteral Reimplantation Is Safe, Effective, and Efficient
J. Wiygul and L.S. PalmerQuality of Life in Children With Vesicoureteral Reflux As Perceived by Children and Parents
D.F. Yao, A.C. Weinberg, F.J. Penna, L. Huang, D. A. Freilich, B.J. Minnillo, J. Shoag, A.B. Retik and H.T. Nguyen

Hydronephrosis and Duplex Systems

Observation of Infants With SFU Grades 3-4 Hydronephrosis: Worsening Drainage with Serial Diuresis Renography Indicates Surgical Intervention and Helps Prevent Loss of Renal Function
S.S. Ross, S. Kardos, A. Krill, J. Bourland, B. Sprague, M. Majd, H.G. Pohl, M.D. Gibbons, A.B. Belman and H.G. RushtonOutcomes and Fate of the Remnant Moiety Following Laparoscopic Heminephrectomy for Duplex Kidney: A Multicenter Review
G. Jayram, J. Roberts, A. Hernandez, Y. Heloury, S. Manoharan, P. Godbole, M. LeClair, I. Mushtaq and M.S. Gundeti

Reconstructive Surgery

Bladder Substitute Reconstructed in a Physiological Pressure Environment
S. Bouhout, R. Gauvin, L. Gibot, D. Aubé and S. BolducMiniature Pyeloplasty as a Minimally Invasive Surgery With Less Than 1 Day Admission in Infants
A.-M. Kajbafzadeh, A. Tourchi, B. Ghazi Nezami, M. Khakpour, A. Abbas Mousavian and S. Shafaat Talab


Ventral Corporal Body Grafting for Correcting Severe Penile Curvature Associated With Single or Two-Stage Hypospadias Repair
M. Castellan, R. Gosalbez, J. Devendra, Y. Bar-Yosef and A. LabbieEpidemiologic Trends in Penile Anomalies and Hypospadias in the State Of California, 1985-2006
C.S. Elliott, M.S. Halpern, J. Paik, Y. Maldonado and L.D. ShortliffeLong-Term Results With a One-Stage Complex Primary Hypospadias Repair Strategy (the Three-in-One Technique)
A. Macedo Jr, R. Liguori, S.L. Ottoni, G. Garrone, E. Damazio, R.M. Mattos and V. OrtizZ-Plasty for Sculpturing of the Bifid Scrotum in Severe Hypospadias Associated With Penoscrotal Transposition
I. Mokhless, M. Youssif, M. Eltayeb and M. Hanna

Basic Science

Renal Parenchymal Fibrosis and Atrophy Are Not Correlated With Upper Tract Dilatation: Long-Term Study of Partial Unilateral Ureteral Obstruction in Neonatal Mice
N. Botto, R. Azoulay, M. Peuchmaur and A. El Ghoneimi

In-Vivo Autologous Bladder Muscular Wall Regeneration: Application of Tissue-Engineered Pericardium in a Model of Bladder as a Bioreactor
A.M. Kajbafzadeh, S. Abdar Esfahani, S. Shafaat Talab, A. Elmi and M. MonajemzadehAge and Proinflammatory Cytokine Production: Wound Healing Implications for Scar Formation and the Timing of Genital Surgery in Boys
D.M. Bermudez, D.A. Canning and K.W. Liechty

Voiding Dysfunction

Dysfunction Elimination Syndrome: Is Age at Toilet Training a Determinant?
E.M.G.O. da Fonseca, P.G.R. Santana, F.A.P.M. Gomes and M.D. BastosThe Evaluation of Combined Standard Urotherapy, Abdominal and Pelvic Floor Retraining in Children With Dysfunctional Voiding
V.D. Zivkovic, M. Lazovic, I. Stanković, M. Vlajkovic and A. SlavkovicEffectiveness of Biofeedback for Dysfunctional Elimination Syndrome in Pediatrics: A Systematic Review
D.J. Desantis, M.P. Leonard, M.A. Preston, N.J. Barrowman and L.A. Guerra


Anterior Sagittal Transanorectal Approach in Trauma Injuries to the Posterior Urethra in Children: A Facilitating and Safe Acess
L.S. Onofre, J.Q. de Souza Leão, A.L. Gomes, A.C. Heinisch, F.Guilardi Leão and J. CarnevaleTraumatic Strictures of the Posterior Urethra in Boys With Special Reference to Recurrent Stricture
S.K. Agarwal, S.K. Sinha, A.Kumar, N. Pant, N.K. Borkar and A. Dhua


Transpelvic Anastomotic Stenting: A Good Option for Diversion After Pyeloplasty in Children
Le Tan Son, Le Cong Thang, Le Thanh Hung, Nguyen Thi Dan Tram, Huynh Cao Nhan and Nguyen Thi Truc Linh

Disorders of Sexual Development

Dysgerminoma and Gonadal Dysgenesis: The Need for a New Diagnosis Tree for Suspected Ovarian Tumours
C. Capito, A. Arnaud, F. Hameury, B. Fremond, H. Lardy, M.D. Leclair and Y. Heloury

General Papers

Nephrectomy for Hypertension in Pediatric Patients With a Unilateral Poorly Functioning Kidney: A Contemporary Cohort
B.J. Schlomer, P.J. Smith, T.D. Barber and L.A. BakerRenal Autotransplantation for the Treatment of Renovascular Hypertension in the Pediatric Population
J.P. Corbetta, V. Durán, C. Burek, S. Weller, C. Sager, R. Dingevan and J.C. LopezDevelopment of Late, Symptomatic Abdominopelvic Lymphoceles More Than 10 Years Following Pediatric Reconstructive Urologic Procedures
J.A. Fox, S.R. Rathbun and D.A. HusmannObjective Measurement of Quality of Life Changes After ACE Malone Using the FICQOL Survey
J.-h. Ok and E.A. Kurzrock

About The Journal of Urology®

Established in 1917, The Journal of Urology ( is the official journal of the American Urological Association ( It is the most widely read and highly cited journal in the field. It brings to its readership all the clinically relevant information needed to stay at the forefront of this dynamic field. This top-ranking journal presents investigative studies on critical areas of research and practice, survey articles providing short condensations of the best and most important urology literature worldwide and practice-oriented reports on interesting clinical observations.

About the Journal of Pediatric Urology

The Journal of Pediatric Urology ( is the official journal of the European Society for Pediatric Urology (ESPU), Sociedad Iberoamericana de Urologia Pediatrica (SIUP), Asia Pacific Association of Pediatric Urology (APAPU), Saudi Pediatric Urology Group (SPUG) and Nucleo de Urologia Pediátrica da Escola Paulista de Medicina (NUPEP), Section Française d’Urologie Pediatrique (SFUP), British Association of Paediatric Urologists (BAPU), and Society for Fetal Urology (SFU). As the only peer-reviewed journal devoted solely to paediatric urology, the journal publishes original research and clinical articles; papers that cover the curriculum of paediatric urology; invited review articles by recognized experts on key aspects of the specialty; as well as short reports, correspondence and book reviews.

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