Rights & permissions

The terms of your purchasing agreement determine if you can reuse Elsevier content. If reuse of the content is not permitted you can obtain permission on ScienceDirect through RightsLink or by contacting Elsevier's Global Rights Department.

When is permission required?

As a general rule, seek permission to reproduce any substantial part of a copyrighted work. This includes text, illustrations, charts, tables, photographs, or other material from previously published sources used without significant adaptation. Determining what is a "substantial part"is subjective, and depends on the significance of the material and the quantity of material used. Please note as well that sources of all data must be credited, whether or not permission is required.

Types of reuse that require permission include:

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  • In a different format (CD-ROM or DVD)
  • In a newspaper or newsletter
  • In conference, classroom or training materials, including continuing medical education (CME)
  • Desktop delivery, electronic printing, or posting or other use on a website
  • In a government report
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  • Photocopies or reprints

Obtaining permission via RightsLink®

Elsevier recommends requesting reuse permission using the Rightslink® automated service for its ease of use and 24/7 availability. To use RightsLink for ScienceDirect content, see Obtaining Permission to Reuse Elsevier Material.

For more information, contact Elsevier's Permissions Helpdesk, Permissions Helpdesk Support Center

Alternative permissions services

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Permission-Seeking Guidelines for Elsevier Authors

Author Rights (for reusing and posting their own articles)