Rights & permissions
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When is permission required?
As a general rule, seek permission to reproduce any substantial part of a copyrighted work. This includes text, illustrations, charts, tables, photographs, or other material from previously published sources used without significant adaptation. Determining what is a "substantial part"is subjective, and depends on the significance of the material and the quantity of material used. Please note as well that sources of all data must be credited, whether or not permission is required.
Types of reuse that require permission include:
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Obtaining permission via RightsLink®
Elsevier recommends requesting reuse permission using the Rightslink® automated service for its ease of use and 24/7 availability. To use RightsLink for ScienceDirect content, see Obtaining Permission to Reuse Elsevier Material.
For more information, contact Elsevier's Permissions Helpdesk, firstname.lastname@example.org or (+1) 800-523-4069 x 3808.
Alternative permissions services
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Author Rights (for reusing and posting their own articles)