Skip to main content

Unfortunately we don't fully support your browser. If you have the option to, please upgrade to a newer version or use Mozilla Firefox, Microsoft Edge, Google Chrome, or Safari 14 or newer. If you are unable to, and need support, please send us your feedback.

Publish with us
Distal Phalanx of Great Toe
Skeletal System

Distal Phalanx of Great Toe

Phalanx distalis hallucis

Read more

Quick Facts

Location: Foot.

Bone Type: Long bone.

Key Features: Head, body, base, tuberosity, and articular facet.

Articulates With: Proximal phalanx of great toe.

Arterial Supply: Proper plantar digital arteries.

Complete Anatomy
The world's most advanced 3D anatomy platform
Try it for Free
Related parts of the anatomy

Key Features & Anatomical Relations

The distal phalanx of great toe (hallux or first toe) is one of the fourteen phalangeal bones of the foot. It is classified as a long bone and includes the following bony features:

- parts: head, body, and base;

- landmarks: Tuberosity and articular facet.

More information regarding these bony features can be found in the Parts and Landmarks tabs for this bone.

The distal phalanx of great toe is located distal to the proximal phalanx of great toe and articulates with it at the interphalangeal joint.


Ossification of the distal phalanx of great toe occurs at two ossification centers, these are found in the:

- body, which appears in utero during the third month;

- base, which appears within the second to eighth years.

These ossification centers fuse with each other by the 18th year (Standring, 2016).

Surface Anatomy

With regard to surface anatomy, the head, body, and base of the distal phalanx of great toe can be easily palpated.

List of Clinical Correlates

- Fracture - Brachyphalangia - Symphalangia


Standring, S. (2016) Gray's Anatomy: The Anatomical Basis of Clinical Practice. Gray's Anatomy Series 41st edn.: Elsevier Limited.

Learn more about this topic from other Elsevier products

Distal Phalanx

ScienceDirect image

A Seymour fracture is a juxtaepiphyseal fracture of the distal phalanx of the finger, associated with an avulsion of the proximal edge of the nail from the eponychial fold.

Explore on ScienceDirectopens in new tab/window

Complete Anatomy

The world's most advanced 3D anatomy platform

Complete Anatomy