Skip to main content

Unfortunately we don't fully support your browser. If you have the option to, please upgrade to a newer version or use Mozilla Firefox, Microsoft Edge, Google Chrome, or Safari 14 or newer. If you are unable to, and need support, please send us your feedback.

Elsevier
Publish with us
Respiratory System
Respiratory System

Respiratory System

Systema respiratorium

Read more

Description

The respiratory system is responsible for gas exchange with the external environment. Anatomically, the respiratory system is divided into two distinct parts; the upper respiratory system and the lower respiratory system.

The upper respiratory system (or upper respiratory tract) consists of the nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses, pharynx, and larynx. In addition to respiration, the upper respiratory system is also involved in phonation (i.e., the production of vocal sounds), mainly via the movement of air across the vocal cords.

The lower respiratory system (or lower respiratory tract) consists of the trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, alveoli, and lungs. This is the extensively branched region of the respiratory system. It appears like an inverted tree, with the trachea representing its trunk, the bronchi and bronchioles representing its branches, and the alveoli representing its leaves. These sac-like endings (i.e., alveoli) are in close contact with the blood vessels. It is in the alveoli that gaseous exchange occurs whereby oxygen enters and carbon dioxide exits the blood vessels.

Complete Anatomy
The world's most advanced 3D anatomy platform
Try it for Free

Learn more about this topic from other Elsevier products

Respiratory System

ScienceDirect image

The respiratory system is a general term for a series of organs that exchange gas between the human body and outside air, including the nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchus, and lung, which are composed of many alveoli, blood vessels, lymphatic vessels, nerves, pleura, and other tissues [1].

Explore on ScienceDirectopens in new tab/window

Respiratory system anatomy and physiology: Video

Osmosis image

Respiratory system anatomy and physiology Videos, Flashcards, High Yield Notes, & Practice Questions. Learn and reinforce your understanding of Respiratory system anatomy and physiology.

Explore on Osmosisopens in new tab/window

Complete Anatomy

The world's most advanced 3D anatomy platform

Complete Anatomy