Skip to main content

Unfortunately we don't fully support your browser. If you have the option to, please upgrade to a newer version or use Mozilla Firefox, Microsoft Edge, Google Chrome, or Safari 14 or newer. If you are unable to, and need support, please send us your feedback.

Elsevier
Publish with us
Transverse Cervical Nerve
Nervous System

Transverse Cervical Nerve

Nervus transversus colli

Read more

Quick Facts

Origin: Anterior rami of second and third cervical nerves (C2-C3).

Course: Runs obliquely downwards and forwards on the surface of sternocleidomastoid muscle to reach its anterior border, where it divides.

Branches: Superior and inferior branches.

Supply: Transmits sensory information from the skin of the anterior and lateral aspects of the neck.

Complete Anatomy
The world's most advanced 3D anatomy platform
Try it for Free

Origin

The transverse cervical nerve arises from the anterior rami of second and third cervical nerves.

Course

The transverse cervical nerve winds around the posterior border of sternocleidomastoid muscle (near its middle point). It then runs forwards on the surface of sternocleidomastoid muscle, deep to the external jugular vein. As it reaches the anterior border of the muscle, it pierces the deep cervical fascia and divides into its terminal branches.

Branches

The transverse cervical nerve gives rise to superior and inferior branches.

Supplied Structures

The transverse cervical nerve carries cutaneous sensory information. The superior branch rises to the submandibular area and provides cutaneous innervation to the skin of the upper anterolateral neck. The inferior branch provides sensory innervation to the skin of the neck as far down as the level of the sternum.

Learn more about this topic from other Elsevier products

Transverse Cervical Nerve

ScienceDirect image

The transverse cervical nerve (transversus colli, superficial colli, superficial cervical, or cutaneous cervical nerve in older and other texts) arises from the second and third cervical rami and provides innervation to the anterolateral regions of the neck.

Explore on ScienceDirectopens in new tab/window

Complete Anatomy

The world's most advanced 3D anatomy platform

Complete Anatomy