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Posterior Root of Sixth Cervical Nerve (Right)
Nervous System

Posterior Root of Sixth Cervical Nerve (Right)

Radix posterior nervi cervicalis sexti

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Quick Facts

Origin: Sixth cervical nerve.

Course: Medially towards the posterior side of the spinal cord.

Branches: None.

Supply: Sensory innervation to the skin above trapezius and to lateral part of the upper limb.

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Origin

The posterior root of the sixth cervical nerve originates just lateral to or in the intervertebral foramen, between the fifth and sixth cervical vertebrae. This corresponds to the point where the cervical nerve splits into anterior and posterior roots.

Course

The posterior root of the sixth cervical nerve runs medially towards the posterior side of the spinal cord. Adjacent to the appropriate spinal cord level, the posterior root splits into smaller rootlets, which enter the posterior spinal cord in line with the dorsal horn of the gray matter.

Branches

There are no branches of the posterior root of the sixth cervical nerve. The proximal end of the posterior root has a bulge called the spinal (or dorsal root) ganglion, which is the location of the neuronal cell bodies of the neurons that form the posterior root.

Supplied Structures

Sensory afferent fibers from the skin around the lateral upper limb and shoulder are relayed to the posterior root via the anterior ramus of the sixth cervical nerve.

The sensory afferent neurons, which provide innervation to the skin above the trapezius, transmit general sensory information to the posterior root via the posterior ramus of the sixth cervical nerve.

Learn more about this topic from other Elsevier products

Cervical Nerves

ScienceDirect image

Burner or stinger syndrome is a syndrome resulting from injuries to either the upper cervical nerve roots or the upper trunk of BP.

Explore on ScienceDirect(opens in new tab/window)

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