Skip to main content

Unfortunately we don't fully support your browser. If you have the option to, please upgrade to a newer version or use Mozilla Firefox, Microsoft Edge, Google Chrome, or Safari 14 or newer. If you are unable to, and need support, please send us your feedback.

Elsevier
Publish with us
Basal Ganglia (Left)
Nervous System

Basal Ganglia (Left)

Quick Facts

The basal ganglia comprise a group of deep nuclei in the brain, which cooperate together to control motor functions, to set and learn routines and which are involved in associative learning and emotional regulation. These nuclei impose strong inhibitory signals on motor outputs of the brain, and adjust responses accordingly by processing information from higher centers of the cerebral cortex.

The primary nuclei comprising the basal ganglia are the striatum, which is made up of the caudate nucleus, the putamen, the globus pallidus, the substantia nigra and the subthalamic nucleus. The putamen and the globus pallidus collectively make up the lentiform nucleus, which, together with the caudate nucleus makes up the corpus striatum.

Complete Anatomy
The world's most advanced 3D anatomy platform
Try it for Free

Learn more about this topic from other Elsevier products

Basal Ganglia

ScienceDirect image

The basal ganglia (BG) are deep brain nuclei that include the striatum, the globus pallidus, the subthalamic nucleus, and the substantia nigra.

Explore on ScienceDirect(opens in new tab/window)

Complete Anatomy

The world's most advanced 3D anatomy platform

Complete Anatomy