Skip to main content

Unfortunately we don't fully support your browser. If you have the option to, please upgrade to a newer version or use Mozilla Firefox, Microsoft Edge, Google Chrome, or Safari 14 or newer. If you are unable to, and need support, please send us your feedback.

Elsevier
Publish with us
Gluteus Medius Muscle
Muscular System

Gluteus Medius Muscle

Musculus gluteus medius

Read more

Quick Facts

Origin: Area of ilium located between anterior and posterior gluteal lines.

Insertion: Lateral aspect of greater trochanter of femur.

Action: Medially rotates and abducts thigh at hip joint.

Innervation: Superior gluteal nerve (L5-S1).

Arterial Supply: Deep branch of superior gluteal artery.

Complete Anatomy
The world's most advanced 3D anatomy platform
Try it for Free

Origin

The gluteus medius muscle originates from the area of the gluteal surface of ilium that is located between the anterior and posterior gluteal lines.

Insertion

The fibers of the gluteus medius muscle travel inferolaterally and insert, via a flat tendon, onto the lateral aspect of the greater trochanter of the femur.

Key Features & Anatomical Relations

The gluteus medius muscle is one of the superficial gluteal muscles. It is a broad, thick, convergent type of skeletal muscle.

It is located:

- superficial to the ilium, the gluteus minimus muscle, and the trochanteric bursa of gluteus medius muscle;

- deep to the gluteus maximus and tensor fasciae latae muscles, and the iliotibial tract;

- superior to the piriformis muscle.

Actions & Testing

The gluteus medius muscle is involved in multiple actions:

- medially rotates the thigh at the hip joint;

- abducts the thigh at the hip joint;

- helps steady the pelvis when the opposite foot is raised off the ground during walking and running.

The gluteus medius muscle can be tested by medially rotating the thigh at the hip joint against resistance while lying in the supine position with both the hip and knee joints flexed, during which it can be palpated (Standring, 2016).

List of Clinical Correlates

- Trendelenburg sign

References

Standring, S. (2016) Gray's Anatomy: The Anatomical Basis of Clinical Practice. Gray's Anatomy Series 41st edn.: Elsevier Limited.

Learn more about this topic from other Elsevier products

Gluteus Medius Muscle

ScienceDirect image

The gluteus medius muscle provides adequate soft-tissue padding of the iliac crest.

Explore on ScienceDirect(opens in new tab/window)

Complete Anatomy

The world's most advanced 3D anatomy platform

Complete Anatomy