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Auricularis Superior Muscle
Muscular System

Auricularis Superior Muscle

Musculus auricularis superior

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Quick Facts

Origin: Epicranial aponeurosis.

Insertion: Cranial surface of auricle.

Action: Elevates and retracts auricle.

Innervation: Posterior auricular nerve and temporal branches of facial nerve (CN VII).

Arterial Supply: Posterior auricular artery and parietal branch of superficial temporal artery.

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The auricularis superior muscle originates from the lateral margin of the epicranial aponeurosis and from the temporal fascia.


The muscle fibers of the auricularis superior muscle attach to the upper cranial surface of the auricle.

Key Features & Anatomical Relations

The auricularis superior muscle is the largest of the three extrinsic auricular muscles.


The auricularis superior muscle elevates and retracts the auricle (Netter, 2011).


Netter, F. H. (2011) Atlas of Human Anatomy. Netter Basic Science Series: Saunders/Elsevier.

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