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Lymph Nodes of Upper Limb (Left)
Lymphoid System

Lymph Nodes of Upper Limb (Left)

Nodi lymphoidei membri superioris

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Lymph of the upper limb is collected by vessels and nodes that are divided into superficial and deep groups. The superficial lymph nodes, including the supratrochlear and cubital nodes, collect lymph from the forearm and hand and transport it to the axillary lymph nodes. The deep lymph vessels of the upper limb primarily accompany the radial, ulnar, and interosseous vessels in the forearm and the brachial vessels in the arm, transporting lymph to the axillary lymph nodes.

The axillary lymph nodes are subdivided into a number of smaller groups of nodes including the pectoral, lateral axillary, posterior axillary, anterior axillary, interpectoral, central, and infraclavicular nodes.

Lymph in the axilla passes to the infraclavicular axillary lymph nodes beneath the clavicles. The efferent vessels of the infraclavicular nodes form the subclavian trunks. On the right side, the subclavian trunks open into the right lymphatic duct, while on the left, the subclavian trunk opens into the thoracic duct.

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Lymph Node

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Lymph nodes (LN) are secondary lymphoid organs distributed throughout the body located alongside the lymphatic vasculature that drains peripheral tissues and organs of the body to deliver molecules, antigens, microorganisms, and cells such as lymphocytes and antigen-presenting cells (APCs) from the tissues [151].

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