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Apical Ligament of Dens
Connective Tissue

Apical Ligament of Dens

Ligamentum apicis dentis

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Anatomical Relations

The apical ligament of the dens runs from the apex of the dens (C2) superiorly to the anterior lip of the foramen magnum on the basilar part of the occipital bone.


The apical ligaments firm attachment to the apex of the dens anchors this craniocervical joint and prevents displacement of the dens posteriorly.

List of Clinical Correlates

—Craniocervical junction injuries

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Odontoid Process

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Separation of the odontoid process from the body of the axis – this may represent a congenital failure of fusion, or a previous fracture of the odontoid synchondrosis before its closure

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