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Connective Tissue of Upper Limb (Left)
Connective Tissue

Connective Tissue of Upper Limb (Left)

Texus connectivus membri superioris

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Description

The upper limb, from the pectoral girdle to the fingers, has many large and small articulations and thus contains numerous protective and stabilizing connective tissue structures. The sternoclavicular and acromioclavicular joints connect the clavicle to the sternum and the scapula respectively. In addition to their joint capsules, they are surrounded by strong ligaments which strengthen the joints.

Ligaments, bursae, the synovial joint capsule, and glenoid labrum are the predominant connective structures surrounding the glenohumeral joint and provide support for the highly mobile ball and socket joint.

The elbow joint complex is composed of three articular joint capsules with many ligaments which aid in the joint stability.

The connective tissue of the wrist joint contains the articular capsule, ligaments, retinacula, which hold the long tendons, vessels, and nerves in place.

In the hand, the connective tissue structures are composed primarily of small ligaments and articular capsules, reflecting the need to protect the many small joints therein.

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Connective Tissue

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A tendon is a band of dense fibrous connective tissue that is attached to the muscle through the myotendinous junction and to the bone through the enthesis, a complex structure with four zones forming a gradient from type I collagen to fibrocartilage and cartilage and, finally, an actual osseous union with the bone.

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