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Anterior Meniscofemoral Ligament (Right)
Connective Tissue

Anterior Meniscofemoral Ligament (Right)

Ligamentum meniscofemorale anterius

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Structure

The meniscofemoral ligaments connect the posterior horn of the lateral meniscus to the lateral aspect of the medial condyle of the femur. These are labeled as anterior and posterior meniscofemoral ligaments based on their position with reference to the posterior cruciate ligament. The anterior meniscofemoral ligament passes anterior to the posterior cruciate ligament, while the posterior meniscofemoral ligament passes behind the posterior cruciate ligament.

The anterior meniscofemoral ligament is a continuation of the posterior region of the lateral meniscus of the knee joint. It stretches obliquely, across the anterior surface of the posterior cruciate ligament to attach to the medial condyle of the femur, deep inside the intercondylar notch (Van Dommelen and Fowler, 1989).

The anterior and posterior meniscofemoral ligaments are described as variants, where at least one ligament may be present in up to 93% of knees examined. The anterior meniscofemoral ligament was present in 47% of knees examined; the posterior meniscofemoral ligament was present in 71% of knees; while both ligaments were present in 32% of knees (Tubbs, Shoja and Loukas, 2016).

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Function

The meniscofemoral ligaments support the posterior cruciate ligament in reducing displacement caused by posteriorly directed forces on the tibia. In addition, they are involved in controlling the motion of the lateral meniscus in conjunction with the tendon of popliteus muscle during flexion (Van Dommelen and Fowler, 1989).

List of Clinical Correlates

—Wrisberg rip

References

Tubbs, R. S., Shoja, M. M. and Loukas, M. (2016) Bergman's Comprehensive Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation. Wiley.

Van Dommelen, B. A. and Fowler, P. J. (1989) 'Anatomy of the posterior cruciate ligament. A review', Am J Sports Med, 17(1), pp. 24-9.

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Meniscofemoral Ligament

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The meniscofemoral ligaments originate from the posterior horn of the lateral meniscus, run adjacent to the PCL, and insert anteriorly (Humphry) and posteriorly (Wrisberg) to the PCL on the medial femoral condyle.

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