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Ligaments of Knee Joint (Left)
Connective Tissue

Ligaments of Knee Joint (Left)

Ligamenta articulationis genus

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Description

Various ligaments of the knee connect the femur with the tibia. These ligaments may be considered as either extracapsular or intra-articular ligaments.

The extracapsular ligaments, or intrinsic ligaments, are essentially thickenings of the fibrous layer of the joint capsule and add strength to it. These ligaments include the:

—patellar ligament;

—medial and lateral patellar retinacula;

—patellofemoral ligaments;

—tibial and fibular collateral ligaments;

—oblique popliteal ligament;

—arcuate popliteal ligament;

—anterolateral ligament of the knee;

—popliteofibular ligament.

The intra-articular ligaments of the knee joint consist of the cruciate ligaments and those associated with the menisci.

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Knee Ligament

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Various knee ligaments, the knee joint capsule, and the menisci act as static stabilizers that control knee motion, assisted by the surrounding muscles, which act as dynamic stabilizers.

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