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Plantar Digital Arteries
Cardiovascular System

Plantar Digital Arteries

Arteriae digitales plantares

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The plantar digital arteries arise at the level of the metatarsophalangeal joints. There are two proper plantar digital arteries that run along the medial and lateral aspects of each toe, giving ten arteries in total.

The most medial plantar digital artery arises indirectly from the medial plantar artery and sits on the medial aspect of the great toe.

The next eight arteries arise as paired vessels from the first to fourth plantar metatarsal arteries. They supply the lateral aspect of the great toe, the medial and lateral aspects of the second to fourth toes, and the medial aspect of the little toe.

The final, and most lateral artery, is a continuation of the plantar metatarsal branch of the lateral plantar artery and sits lateral to the phalanges of the little toe.


Each proper plantar digital artery courses distally as far as the distal end of the distal phalanx of all five toes.


There are no named branches.

Supplied Structures

The plantar digital arteries supply the plantar aspect of the five toes.

Learn more about this topic from other Elsevier products


ScienceDirect image

When the artery is occluded blood is forced through the collateral vessels, drastically increasing fluid shear stress and triggering an inflammatory response which drives vessel remodeling.

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