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Medial Malleolar Branches of Posterior Tibial Artery (Left)
Cardiovascular System

Medial Malleolar Branches of Posterior Tibial Artery (Left)

Rami malleolares mediales arteriae tibialis posterioris

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Origin

The medial malleolar branches arise from the distal portion of the posterior tibial artery.

Course

From their origin, the medial malleolar branches of the posterior tibial artery travel around the medial malleolus of the tibia.

Branches

There are no named branches; however, the medial malleolar branches contribute to the formation of the medial malleolar network via anastomoses with the anterior medial malleolar artery, the medial tarsal artery, and the medial plantar artery.

Supplied Structures

The medial malleolar branches of the posterior tibial artery contribute to the vascular supply of the structures of the medial aspect of the ankle.

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Posterior Tibial Artery

ScienceDirect image

The posterior tibial artery then enters the calcaneal canal underneath the flexor retinaculum and bifurcates into the medial and lateral plantar arteries at the level of the transverse septum, between the abductor hallucis longus and the flexor digitorum brevis muscles.

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