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Arteries of Ankle & Foot (Left)
Cardiovascular System

Arteries of Ankle & Foot (Left)

Arteriae tarsi et pedis

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Description

The arterial supply to the ankle arises from three main vessels:

- the anterior tibial artery;

- the posterior tibial artery;

- the fibular artery.

In the foot, the anterior tibial artery continues as the dorsalis pedis artery and supplies the dorsal aspect of the foot. The plantar surface is supplied by the terminal branches of the posterior tibial artery, namely the medial and lateral plantar arteries.

Arterial variations in the ankle and foot are common due to the extent of collateral anastomosis. The textbook descriptions of the arteries are rarely seen in cadaveric or surgical dissections or in radiographic imaging (Tubbs, Shoja and Loukas, 2016).

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References

Tubbs, R. S., Shoja, M. M. and Loukas, M. (2016) Bergman's Comprehensive Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation. Wiley.

Learn more about this topic from other Elsevier products

Artery

ScienceDirect image

When the artery is occluded blood is forced through the collateral vessels, drastically increasing fluid shear stress and triggering an inflammatory response which drives vessel remodeling.

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