Physical Fitness in U.S. Youth Assessed: NFL PLAY 60 FITNESSGRAM Shows More Activity Needed

Cincinnati, OH, July 15, 2015

Although it is well documented that child and adolescent overweight and obesity have been increasing, little is known about actual fitness levels in these age groups.  FITNESSGRAM is a comprehensive youth fitness educational, reporting, and promotional tool developed for use in schools.  In a new study scheduled for publication in The Journal of Pediatrics, researchers used FITNESSGRAM to study the fitness levels of a nationwide sample of 1st through 12th graders.

The NFL PLAY 60 FITNESSGRAM Partnership Project, which is funded by the National Football League (NFL) Foundation and managed by The Cooper Institute, tracks health-related fitness data and provides training and support to over 1,000 schools in the U.S.  According to Yang Bai, MS, and researchers from Iowa State University and The Cooper Institute, “It is designed to train schools from each NFL franchise region on the use of FITNESSGRAM to assess and promote physical activity and physical fitness in youth.” 

Baseline levels of health-related fitness of more than 200,000 youth from 725 schools were included in the final sample. The percentage of children who could achieve health-related fitness standards was measured for the following fitness components: aerobic capacity, body mass index, upper body strength and endurance, trunk strength and flexibility, abdominal strength and endurance, and flexibility.  Researchers found that less than 60% of youth met the healthy fitness zone for aerobic capacity and body mass index, although fitness levels varied considerably across schools.  Middle school years, from 5th to 8th grade, were identified as the critical period when aerobic capacity declines and body mass index increases.

Consistent with past research, age-related lower levels of fitness correspond with declining patterns of physical activity for children and adolescents.  These trends are especially evident in children in middle school.  Notes Ms. Bai, “These results reinforce the need for early intervention to prevent or delay the decline in physical activity during the early adolescent years.”  Because these are the years during which lifelong habits begin, special attention should be given to ensure that youth have sufficient opportunities for physical activity, including physical education programming in schools.


 Notes for Editors
“Prevalence of Youth Fitness in the United States: Baseline Results from the NFL PLAY 60 FITNESSGRAM Partnership Project,” by Yang Bai, MS, Pedro F. Saint-Maurice, PhD, Gregory J. Welk, PhD, Kelly Allums-Featherston, PhD, Norma Candeleria, MS, and Katelin Anderson, MS, appears in The Journal of Pediatrics, DOI 10.1016/j.jpeds.2015.05.035, published by Elsevier.

About The Journal of Pediatrics
The Journal of Pediatrics is a primary reference for the science and practice of pediatrics and its subspecialties. This authoritative resource of original, peer-reviewed articles oriented toward clinical practice helps physicians stay abreast of the latest and ever-changing developments in pediatric medicine. The Journal of Pediatrics is ranked 6th out of 119 pediatric medical journals (2014 Journal Citation Reports®, published by Thomson Reuters).

About Elsevier
Elsevier is a global information analytics business that helps scientists and clinicians to find new answers, reshape human knowledge, and tackle the most urgent human crises. For 140 years, we have partnered with the research world to curate and verify scientific knowledge. Today, we’re committed to bringing that rigor to a new generation of platforms. Elsevier provides digital solutions and tools in the areas of strategic research management, R&D performance, clinical decision support, and professional education; including ScienceDirect, Scopus, SciVal, ClinicalKey and Sherpath. Elsevier publishes over 2,500 digitized journals, including The Lancet and Cell, 39,000 e-book titles and many iconic reference works, including Gray's Anatomy. Elsevier is part of RELX, a global provider of information-based analytics and decision tools for professional and business customers.

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