Disadvantaged, Non-College Bound Young Adults at Risk for Excessive Weight Gain
Nutritionists develop weight management program relevant to low-income population,
according to a new study in the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Nutritionists develop weight management program relevant to low-income population, according to a new study in the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Philadelphia, PA, January 21, 2014
Young adults are at particularly high risk for excessive
weight gain. Although weight gain
intervention for young adults attending two- or four-year colleges has been
studied extensively, there has been little research into effective weight
management programs targeting low-income, non-college bound young adults. A
team of registered dietitian nutritionists from the University of Maine, in
collaboration with scientists from multiple institutions from around the US,
have now developed a weight management intervention program that is
particularly relevant for disadvantaged young adults. Their results are
published in the Journal of Nutrition
Education and Behavior.
Low-income young adults have immediate needs related to housing, employment, and financial security. "Since disadvantaged young adults may have to satisfy basic needs, they are not likely to focus on the future, which limits the effect of any attempts to create motivation for behavior change by emphasizing long-term health benefits," according to lead researcher Jennifer R. Walsh, PhD, RD, of the University of Florida.
Researchers used a lengthy planning model to be sure of success for their weight-management intervention program for low-income young adults at a vocational training center in Maine. By using a community-based participatory research approach, they hoped to develop a program that focused specifically on the needs of this underserved population. Quality of life and health-related topics were important, as were issues related to weight.
A steering committee of researchers and community members was assembled to guide the process. They also conducted focus groups and interviews to be sure everyone's voice was heard. The PRECEDE model (Predisposing, Reinforcing, Enabling, Constructs in Education/Ecological Diagnosis and Evaluation) was useful to identify or "diagnose" the concerns of these young adults. They also prioritized factors that the young adults were willing and able to change. These results were used to develop a weight management intervention truly made for low-income young adults, taking into account their specific needs and the resources available. This program is the first of its kind developed using this model.
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Notes for editors
"Using PRECEDE to Develop a Weight Management Program for Disadvantaged Young Adults," by Jennifer R. Walsh, PhD, RD; Adrienne A. White, PhD, RD; Kendra K. Kattelmann, PhD, RD, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jneb.2013.11.005, Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, published by Elsevier.
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About the Journal of Nutrition and Behavior (www.jneb.org)
The Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior (JNEB), the official journal of the Society for Nutrition Education and Behavior (SNEB), is a refereed, scientific periodical that serves as a resource for all professionals with an interest in nutrition education and dietary/physical activity behaviors. The purpose of JNEB is to document and disseminate original research, emerging issues, and practices relevant to nutrition education and behavior worldwide and to promote healthy, sustainable food choices. It supports the society's efforts to disseminate innovative nutrition education strategies, and communicate information on food, nutrition, and health issues to students, professionals, policy makers, targeted audiences, and the public.
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