Skip to main content

Unfortunately we don't fully support your browser. If you have the option to, please upgrade to a newer version or use Mozilla Firefox, Microsoft Edge, Google Chrome, or Safari 14 or newer. If you are unable to, and need support, please send us your feedback.

Publish with us
Cranial Dura
Nervous System

Cranial Dura

Dura cranialis

Read more


The cranial dura is the most superficial of the three meningeal layers and covers the entire brain down to the foramen magnum, where it is continuous with the spinal dura mater. The cranial dura mater is a tough, fibrous, two-layer structure with the outer or periosteal dura forming the periosteum of the cranial bones and the inner of meningeal dura laying against the underlying arachnoid mater. For the most part these two dural layers are adhered, but they can be visualized at some dural sinuses where the venous cavity separates the periosteal and meningeal dural layers. The dura is pierced by bridging veins, which carry blood from the brain; emissary veins, which bring blood from the overlying bone; and arachnoid granulations, which bring cerebrospinal fluid to venous sinuses.

Complete Anatomy
The world's most advanced 3D anatomy platform
Try it for Free

Anatomical Relations

The anterior, middle, and posterior meningeal arteries carry blood to the dura and overlying bone. The trigeminal and vagus nerves provide innervation to the vast bulk of the dura, with first to third cervical nerves innervating the dura mater near the foramen magnum.

List of Clinical Correlates

- Epidural hematoma

- Subdural hematoma

- Headache

Learn more about this topic from other Elsevier products

Dura Mater

ScienceDirect image

A cephalocoele is a defect in the skull and dura with extra-cranial extension of intra-cranial structures.

Explore on ScienceDirectopens in new tab/window

Complete Anatomy

The world's most advanced 3D anatomy platform

Complete Anatomy