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10. Reduce inequalities

Reduced Inequality

Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls

As of 10 March 2021

Times Higher Education (THE), Vertigo Ventures and Elsevier collaborated on search queries representing the research in the first 16 SDGs. These search queries are what THE uses to score the research component of each SDG Impact Rank. Full details of the methodology for each SDG search query are available on Mendeley.

You can see research highlights from SDG 10: Reduce inequalities below. We gathered these from the Elsevier products Scopus or SciVal. Unless otherwise noted, we use a timeframe of 2015-2020.

SDG 10 Word cloud

Top 50 Key phrases in the SDG 10 related research. The larger the word, the higher frequency of occurrence. Green indicates increasing in occurrence, and blue indicates decreasing. Source: SciVal


Top 5 research funders 1Top research funders

  1. National Natural Science Foundation of China China flag
  2. Economic and Social Research Council UK flag
  3. National Science Foundation USA flag
  4. National Institutes of Health USA flag
  5. European Commission EU flag

1 The top 5 funders of the SDG 10 related research from Scopus for the years 2015-present.

Top 5 Global Corporations 2Top global corporations

  1. RAND Corporation USA flag
  2. IBM USA flag
  3. Regenstrief Institute, Inc. USA flag
  4. ENSAE ParisTech France flag
  5. Microsoft USA flag

2 The corporations with the most SDG 10 research according to SciVal.

UN Designated SDG 10 Academic Hub

Western Sydney University Australia Australia flag

Western Sydney University (WSU) is one of Australia’s largest universities with a geographic footprint across one of the nation’s most important economic and culturally diverse metropolitan regions.

Its mission is to develop students that are global citizens, innovators and future thinkers. The university is a signatory to the Australia/Pacific Sustainable Development Solutions Network to foster the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development through higher education.

Visit SDG 10 Academic Hub

Top research institutions per continent 3Top research institutions

  1. Africa - University of the Witwatersrand South Africa flag
  2. Asia Pacific - University of Melbourne Australia flag
  3. Europe - University of Oxford UK flag
  4. Middle East - Tehran University of Medical Sciences Iran flag
  5. North America - Harvard University USA flag
  6. South America - Universidade de São Paulo Brazil flag

3 The institution with the most SDG 10 research in each continent according to SciVal

Top 3 most prolific authors 4

Top 3 Topics 5

TopicDocument count
1. Generalized Method of Moments; Political Governance; Financial Depth122
2. Radicalization; Terrorist; Counterterrorism14
3. Consumption Growth; Renewable Energy Consumption; Energy Economics4

Most recent article related to this SDG:

Inequality thresholds, governance and gender economic inclusion in sub-Saharan Africa
open access

Asongu, S. A., & Odhiambo, N. M. (2020). Inequality thresholds, governance and gender economic inclusion in sub-saharan africa. International Review of Applied Economics, 34(1), 94-114. DOI: 10.1080/02692171.2019.1645817

Top 3 Topics 5:

TopicDocument count
1. Social Capital; Self-Rated Health; Informal Social Control43
2. Earthquakes; Temporary Housing; Tsunamis12
3. Income Inequality; Difference in Income; Relative Deprivation8

Most recent article related to this SDG:

Changes in emergency department dental visits after Medicaid expansion

Elani, H. W., Kawachi, I., & Sommers, B. D. (2020). Changes in emergency department dental visits after medicaid expansion. Health Services Research, 55(3), 367-374. DOI: 10.1111/1475-6773.13261

Top 3 Topics 5:

TopicDocument count
1. Violent Death; Men's Health; Reporting System16
2. Health Expectancy; Daily Life Activity; Functional Limitations13
3. Perceived Discrimination; Racial Identity; Racism8

Most recent article related to this SDG:

Disentangling race, poverty, and place to understand the racial disparity in waist circumference among women
open access

Bower, K., Samuel, L., Gleason, K., Thorpe, R. J., Jr., & Gaskin, D. (2020). Disentangling race, poverty, and place to understand the racial disparity in waist circumference among women. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved, 31(1), 153-170. DOI: 10.1353/hpu.2020.0015

4 The top 3 authors with the most SDG 10 research according to SciVal.

5 A Topic is a collection of documents with a common focused intellectual interest. Scopus publications are clustered into Topics based upon a direct citation analysis. Learn more.


Times Higher Education Impact Rankings: SDG 10: Reduced inequalities

THE measures universities’ research on social inequalities, their policies on discrimination and their commitment to recruiting staff and students from under-represented groups.

In April 2021, THE announced the top universities for SDG 10. Using their methodology, here are the top 3.

  1. University of Canberra Australia flag
  2. RMIT University Australia flag
  3. King Abdulaziz University Saudi Arabia flag

THE Impact Rankings Methodology: SDG 9

The methodology THE uses to determine the rank for this SDG is shown here.

The 27% Research portion breaks down into:

  • Proportion of papers in the top 10 per cent of journals as defined by Citescore 10,0%
  • Field-weighted citation index of papers produced by the university 10,0%
  • Number of publications 7,0%

More information

Learn more about SDGs in the RELX Resource Center.