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Nutrition educators support nutrition incentives for food and nutrition security programs to promote increased intake of fruit and vegetables

Philadelphia | March 9, 2023

This research published in the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior explores nutrition educators' role in supporting nutrition incentive and food security programs

The Gus Schumacher Nutrition Incentive Program (GusNIP), funded by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, includes Nutrition Incentive (NI) and Produce Prescription (PPR) programs. These programs provide financial incentives for healthy eating by increasing individuals’ purchase and consumption of fruits and vegetables and reducing food insecurity in order to prevent and treat nutrition-related diseases. A study(opens in new tab/window) in the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior(opens in new tab/window), published by Elsevier, explores how nutrition educators work with NI and PPR programs to support participating individuals.

"Nutrition education is provided in different ways through the GusNIP program," says lead author Sarah A. Stotz, PhD, MS, RDN, CDCES, an adjunct research scientist consultant at the Gretchen Swanson Center for Nutrition(opens in new tab/window), Omaha, NE, USA. "Some programs provide lower touch nutrition education such as recipe cards or newsletters, while others are more robust and include cooking or nutrition education classes. Little is known about the rationale for applying various approaches when implementing NI or PPR programs and how these approaches facilitate a positive participant experience."

Forty-one nutrition educators were recruited via email invitation by their assigned national program advisor through the USDA-funded Nutrition Incentive Program Training, Technical Assistance, Evaluation, and Information Center (NTAE)(opens in new tab/window). Nutrition educators completed a survey and participated in either an individual interview or a focus group. Participants reported an average of eight years working in the area of nutrition education and nearly a quarter identified as registered dietitian nutritionists.

Farmers market

Nutrition educators connected nutrition incentive program participants with farmers while explaining how to use the program's benefits (Credit:

Key themes emerging from the study include:

  • Exploring the many roles played by nutrition educators in providing participant-centered education

  • Value of cross-sector partnerships with healthcare centers and community organizations

  • Solutions to challenges in providing quality nutrition education while also engaging in meaningful program evaluation

"Nutrition educators play a unique role by providing participant-centered education, navigating food environments that can make healthful eating hard to do, and culturally adapting their programming to meet the needs of diverse audiences," explains Amy Yaroch, PhD, Executive Director at the Gretchen Swanson Center for Nutrition and Project Director for the GusNIP NTAE.

Dr. Stotz adds, “If resources were available, educators said they would like to expand the peer educator and community health worker models by providing competitive salaries to these key nutrition education and program implementation team members.”


Notes for editors

The article is "A Qualitative Exploration of Approaches Applied by Nutrition Educators Within Nutrition Incentive Programs," by Sarah Stotz, PhD, MS, RDN, CDCES; Elise Mitchell, MS, MPH; Morgan Szczepaniak, MS, RDN; Joanna Akin, MSPH; Hollyanne Fricke, MPH; and Carmen Byker Shanks, PhD, RDN ( in new tab/window)). It appears in the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, volume 55, issue 3 (March 2023), published by Elsevier.

The article is openly available at in new tab/window).

Full text of the article is also available to credentialed journalists upon request; contact Eileen Leahy at +1 732 238 3628 or [email protected](opens in new tab/window) to obtain a copy. To schedule an interview with the author(s), please contact Sarah Stotz, PhD, at [email protected].(opens in new tab/window)

An audio podcast featuring an interview with Sarah Stotz, PhD, and other information for journalists are available at in new tab/window). Excerpts from the podcast may be reproduced by the media with permission from Eileen Leahy.

The Nutrition Incentive Program Training, Technical Assistance, Evaluation, and Information Center (NTAE) is supported by Gus Schumacher Nutrition Incentive Program grant no. 2019-70030-30415/project accession no. 1020863 from the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture.

About the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior (JNEB)

The Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior(opens in new tab/window) (JNEB), the official journal of the Society for Nutrition Education and Behavior (SNEB), is a refereed, scientific periodical that serves as a resource for all professionals with an interest in nutrition education and dietary/physical activity behaviors. The purpose of JNEB is to document and disseminate original research, emerging issues, and practices relevant to nutrition education and behavior worldwide and to promote healthy, sustainable food choices. It supports the society's efforts to disseminate innovative nutrition education strategies, and communicate information on food, nutrition, and health issues to students, professionals, policy makers, targeted audiences, and the public.

The Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior features articles that provide new insights and useful findings related to nutrition education research, practice, and policy. The content areas of JNEB reflect the diverse interests of health, nutrition, education, Cooperative Extension, and other professionals working in areas related to nutrition education and behavior. As the Society's official journal, JNEB also includes policy statements, issue perspectives, and member communications. 

About Elsevier

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We have supported the work of our research and healthcare communities for more than 140 years. Our 9,500 employees around the world, including 2,500 technologists, are dedicated to supporting researchers, librarians, academic leaders, funders, governments, R&D-intensive companies, doctors, nurses, future healthcare professionals and educators in their critical work. Our 2,900 scientific journals and iconic reference books include the foremost titles in their fields, including Cell Press, The Lancet and Gray’s Anatomy.

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Eileen Leahy


+1 732 238 3628

E-mail Eileen Leahy