Article Sharing

Authors who publish in Elsevier journals can share their research in several ways. Researchers who have subscribed access to articles published by Elsevier can share too. There are some simple guidelines to follow, which vary depending on the article version you wish to share. Elsevier is a signatory to the STM Voluntary Principles for article sharing on Scholarly Collaboration Networks and a member of the Coalition for Responsible Sharing.


  • Authors can share their preprint anywhere at any time.
  • If accepted for publication, we encourage authors to link from the preprint to their formal publication via its Digital Object Identifier (DOI). Millions of researchers have access to the formal publications on ScienceDirect, and so links will help your users to find, access, cite, and use the best available version.
  • Authors can update their preprints on arXiv or RePEc with their accepted manuscript .

Please note:

  • Some society-owned titles and journals that operate double anonymized peer review have different preprint policies. Please check the journals Guide for Authors for further information.
  • Preprints should not be added to or enhanced in any way in order to appear more like, or to substitute for, the final versions of articles.

Accepted Manuscript

Authors can share their accepted manuscript:


  • via their non-commercial personal homepage or blog
  • by updating a preprint in arXiv or RePEc with the accepted manuscript
  • via their research institute or institutional repository for internal institutional uses or as part of an invitation-only research collaboration work-group
  • directly by providing copies to their students or to research collaborators for their personal use
  • for private scholarly sharing as part of an invitation-only work group on commercial sites with which Elsevier has an agreement, find out more

After the embargo period

  • via non-commercial hosting platforms such as their institutional repository
  • via commercial sites with which Elsevier has an agreement

In all cases accepted manuscripts should:

  • link to the formal publication via its DOI
  • bear a CC-BY-NC-ND license – this is easy to do
  • if aggregated with other manuscripts, for example in a repository or other site, be shared in alignment with our hosting policy
  • not be added to or enhanced in any way to appear more like, or to substitute for, the published journal article

Published Journal Article

Policies for sharing published journal articles differ for subscription and gold open access articles:

Subscription articles

  • If you are an author, please share a link to your article rather than the full-text. Millions of researchers have access to the formal publications on ScienceDirect, and so links will help your users to find, access, cite, and use the best available version
  • If you are an author, you may also share your Published Journal Article (PJA) privately with known students or colleagues for their personal use
  • Theses and dissertations which contain embedded PJAs as part of the formal submission can be posted publicly by the awarding institution with DOI links back to the formal publications on ScienceDirect
  • If you are affiliated with a library that subscribes to ScienceDirect you have additional private sharing rights for others’ research accessed under that agreement. This includes use for classroom teaching and internal training at the institution (including use in course packs and courseware programs), and inclusion of the article for grant funding purposes
  • Otherwise sharing is by agreement only
  • The Published Journal Article cannot be shared publicly, for example on ResearchGate or, to ensure the sustainability of peer-reviewed research in journal publications.

Gold open access articles

  • May be shared according to the author-selected end-user license and should contain a CrossMark logo, the end user license, and a DOI link to the formal publication on ScienceDirect.

    How to attach a user license

    Elsevier requires authors posting their accepted manuscript to attach a non-commercial Creative Commons user license (CC-BY-NC-ND). This is easy to do. On your accepted manuscript add the following to the title page, copyright information page, or header /footer: © YEAR. Licensed under the Creative Commons [insert license details and URL].

    For example:

    © <year>. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license

    You can also include the license badges available from the Creative Commons website to provide visual recognition. If you are hosting your manuscript as a webpage you will also find the correct HTML code to add to your page

    Help and Support

    Quick definitions


    This is the author's own write-up of research results and analysis that has not been peer reviewed, nor had any other value added to it by a publisher (such as formatting, copy-editing, technical enhancements, and the like).

    preprint example

    Accepted manuscript

    An accepted manuscript is the manuscript of an article that has been accepted for publication and which typically includes author-incorporated changes suggested during submission, peer review, and editor-author communications. They do not include other publisher value-added contributions such as copy-editing, formatting, technical enhancements and (if relevant) pagination.

    Published journal article

    A published journal article (PJA) is the definitive final record of published research that appears or will appear in the journal and embodies all value-adding publisher activities including peer review co-ordination, copy-editing, formatting, (if relevant) pagination, and online enrichment.

    example of published journal article