Most journals operate under the guidance of an editorial board, providing expert advice on content, attracting new authors and encouraging submissions.
The editorial board, or (editorial) advisory board, is a team of experts in the journal's field. Editorial board members:
- Review submitted manuscripts
- Advise on journal policy and scope
- Identify topics for special issues, which they may guest edit
- Attract new authors and submissions
Selecting editorial board members
Editorial board members are selected by the journal’s editor(s), with input from the publisher. Editorial boards generally undergo a complete revision every two or three years, with members joining, stepping down or continuing for another term. Changes also occur in the interim, for example if a member resigns.
A journal’s editorial board can affect its quality, so editors should consider the following:
- The location of board members should represent the reach of the journal
- Board members' expertise should represent the journal's scope
- Representatives should be appointed from key research institutes
- Former Guest Editors of special issues, and authors of key reviews, and top reviewers may be suitable
- Existing board members may have suggestions for new members