Replete with case studies, Waking the Asian Pacific Cooperative Potential applies a novel theoretical framework to aid in understanding meaningful change in cooperative firms, mutual firms, collectives, and communes, focusing in particular on the underexamined Asia Pacific region. It explores the common, albeit competing, objectives of transformational cooperatives that deliver a range of social benefits and corporative coops where the cooperative exhibits the characteristics of a competitive investor firm. The book provides examples of successful cooperatives in eleven countries across the Asia Pacific and reviews the theoretical framework of cooperatives, including issues pertaining to socio-economic, politico-legal, and domestic and international factors. Waking the Asian Pacific Co-operative Potential provides early-career researchers and graduate students with a systematic resource of cooperatives in the Asia Pacific, highlighting core lessons from case studies regarding the ideal role of cooperatives in a modern economy and on the enabling factors of the role of the state, the market potential for scale-up, the mitigation of poverty, and civil society.
Provides numerous case studies drawn from successful co-operative organizations across the Asia Pacific region
Advances a theoretical framework to help readers access and understand the reasons for co-operative success in the Asia Pacific region
Develops tools for practitioners to establish effective co-operatives and restructure them to optimal goals
Early career researchers and graduate students studying cooperatives, mutual banks, credit unions, and related member-owned organization
Table of Contents
Part 1: Analytical Framework of Asian Cooperative Models Why Asian Pacific Cooperative Models The theoretical construct of cooperative comparative advantage The Asia Pacific and Cooperative History Cooperatives and Public Policy Cooperatives and the ICA Sustainable Development Goals Asian Cooperatives and Gender Equality Cooperatives and Youth in Asia A theoretical model explaining cooperative trajectory
Part 2: Case Studies of Asian Co-ops, Including Cross-Country Comparison Agricultural Coops How Small Farmers into Big Market? A Case Study of Agricultural Cooperatives in China Successful Agricultural Cooperative model in Vietnam: Case study in Van Duc Cooperative Rajarambapu Patil Cooperative Sugar Factory in India Korea’s Multipurpose Agricultural Cooperative and the Developmental State: The case of the National Agricultural Cooperative Federation (NACF) Nepal Multipurpose Cooperative Society Limited Japan: Cooperatively Facilitating Membership Engagement: Employee Lead Initiatives at JA Hadano Almondco: an Australian agricultural cooperative success story Summary
Consumer The achievement of the Saigon Coop in the retail sector of Vietnam NTUC Fairprice And Cooperatives In Singapore Korea’s Consumer Cooperatives and Civil Society: The cases of iCOOP and Hansalim Consumer Coop Model in Japan Summary
Credit Coops Teachers Mutual Bank: An Australian Case Study Credit Cooperatives: The Case of First Community Credit Cooperative (FICCO) From Resilience to Unlimited Opportunities Indonesia – KK Credit Union Sri Lanka SANASA Vijaya Youth Club Cooperative and Credit Union Saving and Credit Cooperative Company Limited Nepal Summary
Worker Coops The Socio-Political Environment of Worker Cooperatives: A Case study on Worker Co-operatives as a Solution to the Issue of Contractualization in the Philippines Collectivism as a Strategy for Success in Indian Worker Cooperatives: A Case Study of Transport Cooperative Society, Koppa ULCCS – the icon of successful Cooperatives in India Worker cooperatives as a solution to business succession: The case of C-Mac Industries Cooperative in Australia Korea’s Worker Cooperative and Organizational Transformation:The case of Happy Bridge Cooperative Development and Current Situation of Japanese Workers Cooperatives Summary
Part 3: Toward an Asian Scholarship on Coops Toward an Asian Scholarship for Coops Conclusion Epilogue
Morris Altman is the Dean of the University of Dundee Business School, Dundee, UK, and a chair professor of behavioural and institutional economics, and cooperatives. He is also an emeritus professor at the University of Saskatchewan, Canada. He earned his PhD in economics from McGill University in 1984. A former visiting scholar at Cambridge University, Cornell University, Duke University, Hebrew University, Stirling University, and Stanford University, he served as an editor of the Journal of Socio-Economics for 10 years and is co-founder of Review of Behavioral Economics and is the founding editor of the Elsevier book series, Perspectives on Behavioral Economics and the Economics of Behavior. Dr. Altman has published over 100 refereed papers and ten books in economic theory and public policy including, Handbook of Contemporary Behavioral Economics, Behavioral Economics for Dummies, Economic Growth and the High Wage Economy, Real-World Decision Making: An Encyclopedia of Behavioral Economics, and Handbook of Behavioural Economics and Smart Decision-Making: Rational Decision-Making within the Bounds of Reason. Dr. Altman has also given over 150 international academic presentations on behavioral economics, x-inefficiency theory, institutional change, economics of co-operatives, economic history, methodology, ethics, and empirical macroeconomics.
Affiliations and Expertise
University of Dundee Business School, Dundee, UK
Anthony Jensen is an academic, teacher, and activist with a focus on worker co-operatives as institutions inspiring an equal distribution of wealth, democracy, and opportunity. He is a conjoint lecturer at the University of Newcastle, Callaghan, Australia, where he was involved in the launch of the Graduate Certificate in Co-operative Management and Organisation, and where he taught business ethics, corporate governance, and social responsibility. He is also the founder of the Asia Pacific Cooperative Research Partnership in 2014. Dr. Jensen's role as a catalyst for societal change and advocate to reform insolvency law took him to Spain, Italy, and the United States to study the worker takeover of insolvent companies, leading to the report "Insolvency, Employee Rights and Employee Buyouts." This was launched at a function at the House of Commons, London, United Kingdom in 2006 and was published in Economic and Industrial Democracy in 2011. It became a foundation document by the Greek Government for the conference on worker buyouts in 2012. Dr. Jensen received his PhD from the University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia, and his theoretical approach was published in Advances in the Economic Analysis of Participatory and Labour Managed Firms in 2013. He has been a visiting scholar at the University of Sydney and a visiting professor at Mysore University, Mysore, India. Adopting a learning by praxis approach, he has written and worked in the community to form co-operatives, presented papers at conferences, as well as edited, and contributed to books and journals including Waking the Asia Pacific Co-operative Potential in 2020.
Affiliations and Expertise
Conjoint Lecturer, University of Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia
Akira Kurimoto is a professor of the co-operative program at the Institute for Solidarity-based Society at Hosei University, Tokyo, Japan. He has been a board member/chief researcher of the Consumer Co-operative Institute, Japan since 1998. He served as the Chair of the International Co-operative Alliance Research Committee (2001-2005) and is the Chair of the ICA Asia Pacific Research Committee. He helped to found the of the Asia Pacific Co-operative Research Partnership in 2014. His discipline is in legal science and his main research interests cover co-operative laws, co-operative economics, co-operative history, corporate governance, food supply chain, health and social care co-operatives, and the third sector/social economy. He has published over 30 English papers in co-operative theory/practice and the social economy including International Handbook of Cooperative Law, The Worth of the Social Economy, The Palgrave Handbook of Volunteering, Civic Participation, and Nonprofit Associations, Global History of Consumer Co-operation since 1850. He has edited multiple books including Toward Contemporary Co-operative Studies: Perspectives from Japan’s Consumer Co-ops.
Affiliations and Expertise
Hosei University, Tokyo, Japan
Robby Tulus pioneered the Credit Union Movement in Indonesia in the late 1960s, and co-founded the Credit Union Counseling/Central Organization (CUCO) in Indonesia. He started his career as managing director of CUCO Indonesia (Jakarta 1971-80), Training Specialist of ACCU (Seoul, Korea 1981-83), Asia Region Director of the Canadian Co-operative Association (CCA, Ottawa, Canada, 1983-1993), Senior Policy Advisor of the International Co-operative Alliance (ICA, New Delhi & Manila - 1993-96), and Regional Director for Asia Pacific of the International Co-operative Alliance (ICA, based in New Delhi and Singapore: 1996-2002). His experience and expertise as a co-operative practitioner led him to a multitude of consultancies with International Development Agencies such as CIDA (Canada), ILO and UNDP, MFA (Ministry of Foreign Affairs - Singapore), and the Asian Development Bank.
In the Academic sphere, he engaged himself actively in co-operative research work. He was instrumental in initiating the development of the SANASA Campus in Sri Lanka, the Institute of Co-operative Development Studies in Indonesia, and the Aceh International Society of Micro Finance (AISMIF). He was Associate of the British Columbia Institute of Co-operative Studies (BCICS), and is an Associate of the Center for Asia Pacific Initiatives (CAPI) at the University of Victoria, Canada. He was the Commissioning Editor of the International Journal of Co-operative Management when it was set up under the auspices of Leicester University (UK).
Mr. Tulus held various board chairs and memberships in Canada and in Indonesia throughout his professional tenure. Lately, in his voluntary capacity, Mr. Tulus has been appointed as Chief Advisor to the Karl Albrecht Foundation in Indonesia to introduce new generation co-ops with a multi-stakeholder’s concept. More recently he founded and pioneered the establishment of the National Association of Strategic Socio-Economic Cadres (NASSEC in 2012) and the National Federation of People-Based Co-operative Enterprises (INKUR in 2016) in Indonesia.
Affiliations and Expertise
Credit Union and Co-operative Specialist, Asia Pacific
Yashavantha Dongre is a professor of commerce and the director of the Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation Board at the University of Mysore, Mysore, India. He holds masters and doctoral degrees from the University of Mysore and was formerly dean of Faculty of Commerce and acting vice chancellor at the same university. Dr. Dongre has worked as Visiting Overseas Researcher at Graduate University for Advanced Studies, Osaka, Japan and as Japan Foundation Fellow at the University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
Dr. Dongre founded and served as coordinator of the Third Sector Research Centre at the University of Mysore, which focuses on research and extension activities in the fields of non-profits, cooperatives, and social enterprises. He served as consultant to the High-Power Committee on Cooperatives set up by Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India, the recommendations of which paved the way for constitutional amendments related to cooperatives.
Dr. Dongre has published over 50 journal articles and book chapters, most of which are related to cooperatives. He has been part of the editorial team of 5 books – all but one of which are on cooperative movement.
As part of extension activity, he serves as Co-Secretary of the ICA Asia Pacific Committee on Cooperatives in Educational Institutions
Affiliations and Expertise
University of Mysore, Mysuru, India
Seungkwon Jang is a professor at the Department of Management of Co-operatives at the Graduate School, Sungkonghoe University, Korea. Professor Jang earned his PhD in organization theory from Lancaster University Management School, UK. He is currently the editor-in-chief of the Korean Journal of Cooperative Studies. He has published papers and books of organization theory and cooperative management including the Management of Consumer Co-operatives in Korea. He has been doing various research projects such as Fair Trade and social solidarity economy organizations.