Social Exchange in Developing Relationships

Social Exchange in Developing Relationships

1st Edition - January 28, 1979

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  • Editors: Robert L. Burgess, Ted L. Huston
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483261300

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Social Exchange in Developing Relationships is a collection of papers that deals with the systematic study of the development of relationships. The papers discuss several theoretical perspectives, such as evolutionary theory, personality theory, cognitive developmental theory, equity theory, role theory, and attribution theory. One paper discusses romantic relationships—the evolution of first acquaintance to close or intimate commitment. Another paper presents the hypothesis that the factors causing a relationship to begin will also probably steer intermediate cognitive processes, eventually influencing the nature of the relationship. Commitment requires specific concepts such as input levels contributed to the relationship, duration of these inputs, and their consistency of occurrence. The equity theory suggests that equity principles determine the selection of one's mate and how they (the partners) will get along in the future. One paper analyzes the dynamic theories of social relationships and the resulting research strategies: that the conceptualization of a parameter of a social relationship can affect the choice of data collection techniques and other matters. Sociologists, psychologists, historians, students, and academicians doing sociological research, can benefit greatly from this collection.

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors



    Part I Introduction

    1 Social Exchange in Developing Relationships: An Overview

    I. Introduction

    II. The Nature of Close Relationships

    III. The Development of Closeness in Relationships

    IV. Social Exchange in Developing Relationships

    V. The Social Context of Relationships

    VI. Conclusion


    Part II The Development Course of Close Relationships

    2 The Initiation of Social Relationships and Interpersonal Attraction

    I. The Importance of Understanding the Antecedents of the Initiation of Social Relationships

    II. A Perceptual Approach to the Problem of Relationship Initiation

    III. Outcome Dependency: A Framework for Viewing Relationship Initiation

    IV. Identification of the Social Environment

    V. Some Comments on the Relationship between Attention and Attraction

    VI. Conclusions


    3 Social Exchange and Behavioral Interdependence

    I. Introduction

    II. Stage I: Exploration

    III. Stage II: Expansion of Interlocking Interest-Spheres

    IV. Stage III: Commitment

    V. Summary


    4 Equity Theory and Intimate Relationships

    I. Introduction

    II. The Equity Formulation

    III. The Theorists' Debate: Is Equity Theory Applicable to Intimate Relationships?

    IV. The Accumulating Evidence

    V. Summary


    5 Conflict in the Development of Close Relationships

    I. The Structure of Close Relationships

    II. The Development of Close Relationships

    III. The Role of Conflict in the Development of Close Relationships


    6 A Social Exchange View on the Dissolution of Pair Relationships

    I. Introduction

    II. An Exchange Perspective on Relationships

    III. Determinants of Pair Dissolution

    IV. Conclusion


    Part III Beyond the Dyad: Approaches to Explaining Exchange in Developing Relationships

    7 Natural Selection and Social Exchange

    I. Introduction

    II. The Sexual Organism as Nepotist

    III. Historical Relationships between Nepotism and Reciprocity

    IV. Analyses of Human Nepotism and Reciprocity

    V. The Evolution of Nepotism and Recipocity in Humans

    VI. Ontogeny and Social Exchange

    VII. Conclusions


    8 Social Network Influence on the Dyadic Relationship

    I. Introduction

    II. Social Networks

    III. Interactional Criteria

    IV. Structural Criteria

    V. Network Influences

    VI. Social Exchange within Dyads

    VII. Social-Exchange Theory Assumptions

    VIII. Types of Dyadic Exchange Patterns

    IX. Sequencing of Exchange Patterns within Dyadic Relationships

    X. Social Network Influence on Dyadic Relationships

    XI. Summary and Conclusions


    9 Personality and Exchange in Developing Relationships

    I. Introduction

    II. The Nature of Personality

    III. Personality and Commodities of Exchange

    IV. Complementary Needs and Resource Exchange

    V. Reciprocal Patterns of Activity

    VI. Foresight of Future Satisfaction, or Rebuff

    VII. Construal Style Revisited

    VIII. Conclusion


    10 A Dynamic Interactional Concept of Individual and Social Relationship Development

    I. Introduction

    II. Mechanistic and Organismic Models of Human Development

    III. Components of Development

    IV. Relationship Development

    V. Implications for Social Exchange

    VI. The Nature of Reward in Social Exchanges

    VII. Conclusions


    11 Sexual involvement and Relationship Development: A Cognitive Developmental Approach

    I. Introduction

    II. Person Variables Influencing Sexual Involvement

    III. Relationship Variables: Sex and Social Exchange

    IV. Sexual Decision Making and Moral Reasoning

    V. Relationship Reasoning

    VI. A Model for Sexual Involvement in Relationships

    VII. Summary


    12 Relationship Initiation and Development: A Life-Span Developmental Approach

    I. Introduction

    II. Critique and Recasting of Social Exchange Theory

    III. Social Interactions and the Personality System

    IV. Symbolic-Interactionist Approach to Social Relationships

    V. Developmental Themes and Relationships

    VI. Social Factors and Relationships

    VII. Research Possibilities in Life-Span Social Interaction


    Part IV Epilogue

    13 Dynamic Theories of Social Relationships and Resulting Research Strategies

    I. A Theoretical Introduction

    II. A Methodological Introduction

    III. Concept Validity

    IV. Propositional (Internal) Validity

    V. Generalization (External) Validity

    VI. A Final Note


    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 446
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1979
  • Published: January 28, 1979
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483261300

About the Editors

Robert L. Burgess

Ted L. Huston

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