Oceans and Human Health

Oceans and Human Health

Risks and Remedies from the Seas

1st Edition - April 16, 2008

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  • Editors: Patrick Walsh, Sharon Smith, Lora Fleming, Helena Solo-Gabriele, William Gerwick
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780123725844
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080877822

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Description

Oceans and Human Health highlights an unprecedented collaboration of environmental scientists, ecologists and physicians working together on this important new discipline, to the benefit of human health and ocean environmental integrity alike. Oceanography, toxicology, natural products chemistry, environmental microbiology, comparative animal physiology, epidemiology and public health are all long established areas of research in their own right and all contribute data and expertise to an integrated understanding of the ways in which ocean biology and chemistry affect human health for better or worse. This book introduces this topic to researchers and advanced students interested in this emerging field, enabling them to see how their research fits into the broader interactions between the aquatic environment and human health.

Key Features

  • Color illustrations of aquatic life and oceanic phenomena such as hurricanes and algal blooms
  • Numerous case studies
  • Socio-economic and Ethical Analyses place the science in a broader context
  • Study questions for each chapter to assist students and instructors
  • Risks and remedies sections to help define course modules for instruction

Readership

researchers and advanced students studying ocean and marine science, the earth's evolution, and ecology

Table of Contents

  • Globalization and global ocean change: an overview of influences on human health; Background oceanography; Managing public health risks: role of integrated ocean observing systems (IOOS); Climate and human health: physics, policy and possibilities; Hurricanes; Tsunamis; Oceans and human health: human dimensions; Background toxicology; Organic pollutants: presence and effects in humans and marine animals; Metals: ocean ecosystems and human health; The fate of pharmaceuticals and personal care products in the environment; Exposure and effects of seafood-borne contaminants in maritime populations; Epidemiologic tools for investigating the effects of oceans on public health; Toxic diatoms; Toxic dinoflagellates; Ciguatera fish poisoning: a synopsis from ecology to toxicity; Cyanobacteria; Pfiesteria; Media coverage of environmental health issues: where morality, science, and the news reflect and depend on fundamental philosophical perspectives; Waterborne diseases and microbial quality monitoring for recreational water bodies using regulatory methods; Food-borne infectious diseases and monitoring of marine food resources; Emerging technologies for monitoring recreational waters for bacteria and viruses; Future of microbial ocean water quality monitoring; Anticancer drugs of marine origin; Discovering anti-infectives from the sea; Marine proteins; Novel pain therapies from marine toxins; Emerging marine biotechnologies – cloning of marine biosynthetic gene clusters; Aquatic animal models of human health; Aquatic animal neurophysiological models; Toadfish as biomedical models; Lower deuterostomes as models of the developmental process; The zebrafish, DANIO RERIO, as a model organism for biomedical research; Carcinogenesis models: focus on xiphophorus and rainbow trout; New approaches for cell and animal preservation: Lessons from aquatic organisms

Product details

  • No. of pages: 672
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2008
  • Published: April 16, 2008
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780123725844
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080877822

About the Editors

Patrick Walsh

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Biology and Centre for Advanced Research in Environmental Genomics, University of Ottawa

Sharon Smith

Affiliations and Expertise

Division of Marine Biology and Fisheries, Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, University of Miami

Lora Fleming

Professor Lora Fleming is the director of the European Centre for Environment and Human Health and chair of oceans, epidemiology, and human health at the University of Exeter Medical School. She is a board certified occupational and environmental health physician and epidemiologist with over 30 years of experience and expertise in environment and occupational exposures and human health research and training. With various international collaborators, Professor Fleming is involved in research and training in the new metadiscipline of oceans and human health. She is the recipient of the 2013 Edouard Delcroix Prize and the 2015 Bruun Medal of the International Oceanographic Commission (IOC), for her research and other activities in Oceans and Human Health. Professor Fleming is a member the US National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) Scientific Advisory Board (SAB) to the NIEHS Gulf Oil Study, and the UK Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) Science Board.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor and Chair of Oceans, Epidemiology, and Human Health, European Centre for Environment and Human Health, University of Exeter Medical School, Truro, Cornwall, United Kingdom

Helena Solo-Gabriele

Dr. Helena Solo-Gabriele is a Professor in the Department of Civil, Architectural, and Environmental Engineering at the University of Miami. She received her PhD in Civil and Environmental Engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Her research on metals/pesticides has focused on quantifying the releases of wood treatment preservatives (arsenic, chromium, copper, zinc, and boron), evaluating oil spill chemicals, and polychlorinated biphenyls in coastal systems. Dr. Solo-Gabriele's research in microbial contaminants focuses on evaluating the water - sand interface, evaluating microbial contaminants in that area and the conditions under which microbes are released from this zone.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Department of Chemical, Environmental and Materials Engineering, University of Miami, Florida, United States

William Gerwick

Affiliations and Expertise

Center for Marine Biotechnology and Biomedicine, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego

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