Nanotechnology-Based Sustainable Alternatives for the Management of Plant Diseases

Nanotechnology-Based Sustainable Alternatives for the Management of Plant Diseases

1st Edition - October 23, 2021

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  • Editors: Giorgio Mariano Balestra, Elena Fortunati
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128233948
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128225882

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Description

Nanotechnology-based Sustainable Alternatives for the Management of Plant Diseases addresses the power of sustainable nanomaterials for plant and food protection. The book highlights dangers arising from bacteria, fungi, viruses, insects, seeds, plants, fruits and food production and summarizes new and sustainable strategies. It places a particular focus on plant pathogen control, and in the food packaging sector in agri-food applications. The control of plant pathogens in plants and in food has been conventionally made by adding chemical preservatives and by using thermal processing, but sustainable nanotechnology can be a power tool to aid in this complex set of challenges. Advances in materials science have led to the rapid development of nanotechnology that has great potential for improving food safety as a powerful tool for the delivery and controlled release of natural antimicrobials.

Key Features

  • Analyzes and lays out information related to sustainable strategies, taking a nano-based approach to the management of plant diseases and biotic damage on fresh food
  • Presents the latest discoveries and practical applications of nanotechnology based, sustainable plant protection strategies to combat dangerous microorganisms and improve the shelf-life of food
  • Assesses the major challenges of manufacturing nanotechnology-based pesticides on a mass scale

Readership

Materials scientists and engineers

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • Contributors
  • Preface
  • Chapter 1. Introduction
  • Chapter 2. Natural or green synthesis nanomaterials and impact on plant pathogens
  • 2.1. Introduction
  • 2.2. Green synthesis of nanoparticles
  • 2.3. Mechanisms of green synthesized nanoparticles against phytopathogens
  • 2.4. Future prospects and challenges
  • Chapter 3. Controlled biocide release from smart delivery systems: materials engineering to tune release rate, biointeractions, and responsiveness
  • 3.1. Introduction
  • 3.2. Conventional and nano-based products in agriculture
  • 3.3. Nanoencapsulation techniques for controlled release of biocides
  • 3.4. Controlled/slow release of biocides from smart formulation
  • 3.5. Conclusion
  • Chapter 4. Nanoscale characterization methods in plant disease management
  • 4.1. Introduction
  • 4.2. Electron microscopy
  • 4.3. Scanning probe microscopy
  • 4.4. Nanomaterial-assisted methods
  • 4.5. Conclusion
  • Chapter 5. Organic antimicrobial nanomaterials and reducing copper use in sustainable plant protection
  • 5.1. Introduction
  • 5.2. Organic nanomaterials: main functions
  • 5.3. Carriers
  • 5.4. Antimicrobial organic compounds
  • 5.5. Organic nanomaterials in detail
  • 5.6. Synthetic polymeric nanomaterials
  • 5.7. Lipid-based nanomaterials
  • 5.8. Polysaccharide- and lignocellulose-based nanomaterials
  • 5.9. Copper-associated risks: organic nanomaterials to reduce copper use
  • 5.10. Conclusions
  • Chapter 6. Inorganic nanomaterials usable in plant protection strategies
  • 6.1. Introduction
  • 6.2. Nanomaterials versus current approach: positive effects of nanoparticles on crops: nano versus bulk
  • 6.3. Inorganic nanomaterials
  • 6.4. Nanoparticle concerns and risk
  • 6.5. Conclusions
  • Chapter 7. Utility of nanoparticles in management of plant viruses
  • 7.1. Plant viruses and management challenges
  • 7.2. Nanoparticles and their benefit in controlling viral disease in plants
  • 7.3. Nanotechnology and its benefit in chemical formulations to control insect vectors
  • 7.4. Nanotechnology to deliver double-stranded RNA to plant surface to activate RNA interference for plant protection against viruses
  • 7.5. Conclusions
  • Chapter 8. Potential applications of nanotechnology in seed technology for improved plant health
  • 8.1. Introduction
  • 8.2. Nanotechnology for plant diseases
  • 8.3. Using nanomaterials for seed protection
  • 8.4. Using nanomaterials for seed growth promotion
  • 8.5. Potential negative impact on seed health
  • 8.6. Summary
  • Chapter 9. Nanotechnology-based green and efficient alternatives for the management of plant diseases
  • 9.1. Introduction
  • 9.2. Nanoparticles in plant disease
  • 9.3. Nanopesticides
  • 9.4. Conclusions
  • Chapter 10. Nanotechnology-enabled phytodiagnostics on the brink of farm usage
  • 10.1. Introduction
  • 10.2. Phytopathology: a brief historical perspective
  • 10.3. Phytodiagnostics
  • 10.4. Concluding remarks
  • Chapter 11. Carbon nanostructure-based sensor: a promising tools for monitoring crops
  • 11.1. Introduction
  • 11.2. Types of sensors and their working mechanism
  • 11.3. Nanomaterials applied as agricultural nanosensors
  • 11.4. Role of CNMs in crop monitoring
  • 11.5. Conclusion and future perspective
  • Chapter 12. Plant and human health: the new era of biobased nanoscale systems
  • 12.1. Introduction
  • 12.2. Nanoagrochemicals versus their conventional analogues
  • 12.3. Biobased nanoagrochemicals
  • 12.4. Toxicity of biobased nanoagrochemicals
  • 12.5. Conclusions
  • Chapter 13. Metal-organic framework as an emerging material: a novel plant growth stimulant
  • 13.1. Introduction
  • 13.2. Synthesis of metal-organic frameworks
  • 13.3. Surface modification of metal-organic frameworks
  • 13.4. Metal-organic frameworks for the growth of plants
  • 13.5. Metal-organic frameworks for protection of crops
  • 13.6. Smart delivery system
  • 13.7. Toxicity aspects of metal-organic frameworks
  • 13.8. Conclusion
  • Chapter 14. Nano metal-carbon–based materials: emerging platform for the growth and protection of crops
  • 14.1. Introduction
  • 14.2. Nano-metals for the plant growth
  • 14.3. Carbon-based materials for plant growth
  • 14.4. Nano metal–carbon–based materials for plant growth
  • 14.5. Uptake and translocation of nano metal-carbon–based materials
  • 14.6. Nano metal-carbon–based materials for crop protection
  • 14.7. Conclusion and prospects
  • Chapter 15. Biopolymers and nanomaterials in food packaging and applications
  • 15.1. Introduction
  • 15.2. Biopolymers and nanomaterials: a short description
  • 15.3. Preparation and synthesis techniques of bio-nanocomposites: a short description
  • 15.4. Properties of bio-nanocomposites
  • 15.5. Biopolymer applications in packaging industries
  • 15.6. Incorporation of antioxidants and essential oils in biopolymer-based active food packaging
  • 15.7. Biopolymers in cosmetics, nutrition and health care, and pharmaceutical packaging
  • 15.8. Conclusions
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 400
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2021
  • Published: October 23, 2021
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128233948
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128225882

About the Editors

Giorgio Mariano Balestra

Giorgio Mariano Balestra is an Associate Professor in the Department of Agriculture and Forest Sciences, at University of Tuscia, Italy. His research interests are plant pathology and on phytobacteriology for: biological control in open field, greenhouse, nursery of phytopathogenic bacteria, by using natural substances and biocontrol agents (BCA’s).Other research alorization of agro-food wastes to develop organic plant protection strategies, reduction of agrochemicals to control of harmful pathogenic microorganisms on tropical and subtropical crops, sustainable plant protection strategies in developing countries, biology and epidemiology of phytopathogenic bacteria, abiotic and biotic factors influencing populations of phytopathogenic bacteria, and genetic-molecular characterization of phytopathogenic bacteria.

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor, Department of Agriculture and Forest Sciences, University of Tuscia, Italy

Elena Fortunati

Elena Fortunati, graduated in 2007 in Materials Engineering and she was awarded a Ph.D. in Nanotechnology of Materials at the University of Perugia, in 2010. Since January 2011 she has been a researcher (post-doctoral) at the Civil and Environmental Engineering Department/Faculty of Engineering /Materials Science and Technology (STM) Group. She has attended and spoken at over 30 International Conferences and is author of more than 50 articles in refereed journals and book chapters, most of them concerning waste re-valorization and use, extraction of cellulose nanocrystals and their use in nanocomposites for industrial applications.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Perugia, Department of Civil Engineering, UdR INSTM, Italy

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