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Mobile Edge Artificial Intelligence - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128238172

Mobile Edge Artificial Intelligence

1st Edition

Opportunities and Challenges

Authors: Yuanming Shi Kai Yang Zhanpeng Yang Yong Zhou
Paperback ISBN: 9780128238172
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st October 2021
Page Count: 215
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Description

Mobile Edge Artificial Intelligence: Opportunities and Challenges presents recent advances in wireless technologies and nonconvex optimization techniques for designing efficient edge AI systems. The book includes comprehensive coverage on modeling, algorithm design and theoretical analysis. Through typical examples, the powerfulness of this set of systems and algorithms is demonstrated, along with their abilities to make low-latency, reliable and private intelligent decisions at network edge. With the availability of massive datasets, high performance computing platforms, sophisticated algorithms and software toolkits, AI has achieved remarkable success in many application domains.

As such, intelligent wireless networks will be designed to leverage advanced wireless communications and mobile computing technologies to support AI-enabled applications at various edge mobile devices with limited communication, computation, hardware and energy resources.

Key Features

  • Presents advanced key enabling techniques, including model compression, wireless MapReduce and wireless cooperative transmission
  • Provides advanced 6G wireless techniques, including over-the-air computation and reconfigurable intelligent surface
  • Includes principles for designing communication-efficient edge inference systems, communication-efficient training systems, and communication-efficient optimization algorithms for edge machine learning

Readership

Scientists and researchers, postgraduates, undergraduates, practitioners and professionals in electronic engineering and computer science

Table of Contents

I. Introduction and Overview
1. Primer on Artificial Intelligence
1.1. Basics of Machine Learning
1.1.1. Supervised Learning
1.1.2. Unsupervised Learning
1.1.3. Reinforcement Learning
1.2. Models of Deep Learning
1.2.1. Convolution Neural Network
1.2.2. Recurrent Neural Network
1.2.3. Graph Neural Network
1.2.4. Generative Adversarial Network
1.3. Model Training and Inference

2. Overview of Edge AI Systems
2.1. Motivations and Applications
2.2. Levels of Edge Intelligence
2.3. Edge Inference Process
2.3.1. Architectures
2.3.2. Performance Indicators
2.4. Edge Training Process
2.4.1. Architectures
2.4.2. Performance Indicators

II. Edge Inference
3. Model Compression for On-Device Inference
3.1. Problem Formulation
3.1.1. Layer-wise Pruning of Network
3.1.2. Nonconvex Pruning Approach
3.2. Inexact Proximal Iteratively Reweighted Algorithm
3.2.1. Construction of Convex Surrogate Functions
3.2.2. A Novel Termination Criterion
3.2.3. Implementation of iPIR Based on ADMM
3.2.4. Simulation Results
3.3. Summary

4. Wireless MapReduce for Device Distributed Inference
4.1. System Model
4.1.1. Computation Model
4.1.2. Communication Model
4.1.3. Achievable Data Rates and DoF
4.2. Interference Alignment for Data Shuffling
4.2.1. Interference Alignment Conditions
4.2.2. Low-Rank Optimization Approach
4.2.3. Problem Analysis
4.3. Difference-of-Convex Functions (DC) Programming for Low-Rank Optimization
4.3.1. Principles of DC Approach
4.3.2. A Novel DC Representation for Rank Function
4.3.3. Efficient DC Algorithm
4.3.4. Simulation Results
4.4. Summary

5. Wireless Cooperative Transmission for Edge Inference
5.1. System Model
5.1.1. Wireless Communication Model
5.1.2. Power Consumption Model
5.1.3. Channel Uncertainty Model
5.1.4. Problem Formulation
5.2. Learning based Robust Optimization Approximation for Joint Chance Constraints
5.2.1. Approximating Joint Chance Constraints via Robust Optimization
5.2.2. Learning the High Probability Region from Data Samples
5.2.3. Tractable Reformulations for Robust Optimization Problem
5.2.4. Cost-Effective Sampling Strategy
5.3. Reweighted Power Minimization for Quadratic Constrained Group Sparse Beamforming
5.3.1. Matrix Lifting for Nonconvex Quadratic Constraints
5.3.2. DC Representations for Rank-One Constraint
5.3.3. Reweighted Algorithm for Inducing Group Sparsity
5.3.4. Proposed Reweighted Power Minimization Approach
5.3.5. Simulation Results
5.4. Summary

III. Edge Training
6. Over-the-Air Computation for Federated Learning
6.1. System Model
6.1.1. On-Device Distributed Federated Learning
6.1.2. Over-the-Air Computation for Model Aggregation
6.1.3. Problem Formulation
6.2. Sparse and Low-Rank Optimization for Federated Learning
6.2.1. Sparse and Low-Rank Optimization
6.2.2. Problem Analysis
6.3. Difference-of-Convex Functions (DC) Representations
6.3.1. DC Representation for Sparse Function
6.3.2. DC Representation for Low-Rank Constraint
6.3.3. A Unified DC Representation Framework
6.3.4. DC Algorithms for Sparse and Low-Rank Optimization
6.3.5. Simulation Results
6.4. Summary

7. Blind Over-the-Air Computation for Federated Learning
7.1. Problem Formulation
7.1.1. Blind Over-the-Air Computation
7.1.2. Multi-Dimensional Nonconvex Estimation
7.2. Main Approach
7.2.1. Randomly Initialized Wirtinger Flow Algorithm
7.2.2. Theoretical Analysis
7.2.3. Simulation Results
7.3. Summary

8. Reconfigurable Intelligent Surface Aided Federated Learning System
8.1. System Model
8.1.1. Reconfigurable Intelligent Surface (RIS)-Aided Federated Learning System
8.1.2. Problem Formulation
8.2. Alternating Low-Rank Optimization for Model Aggregation
8.2.1. A Two-Stage Framework
8.2.2. Alternating Low-Rank Optimization
8.2.3. Difference-of-Convex Functions Programming Algorithm
8.2.4.Simulation Results
8.3. Summary

IV. Future Directions
9. Communication-Efficient Algorithms for Edge AI
9.1. Communication-Efficient Zeroth-Order Methods
9.2. Communication-Efficient First-Order Methods
9.3. Communication-Efficient Second-order Methods
9.4. Communication-Efficient Federated Optimization

10. Future Research Directions
10.1. Edge AI Hardware Design
10.2. Edge AI Software Platforms
10.3. Edge AI as a Service
10.4. Security and Privacy Issues

Details

No. of pages:
215
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 2021
Published:
1st October 2021
Imprint:
Academic Press
Paperback ISBN:
9780128238172

About the Authors

Yuanming Shi

Dr. Yuanming Shi received the B.S. degree in electronic engineering from Tsinghua University, Beijing, China, in 2011. He received the Ph.D. degree in electronic and computer engineering from The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), in 2015. Since September 2015, he has been with the School of Information Science and Technology in ShanghaiTech University, where he is currently a tenured Associate Professor. He visited University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA, from October 2016 to February 2017. Dr. Shi is a recipient of the 2016 IEEE Marconi Prize Paper Award in Wireless Communications, and the 2016 Young Author Best Paper Award by the IEEE Signal Processing Society. He is an editor of IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications. His research areas include optimization, statistics, machine learning, signal processing, and their applications to 6G, IoT, AI and FinTech. In particular, at IEEE Global Communications Conference 2019, Dr. Shi gave a 3-hours tutorial titled “Mobile Edge Artificial Intelligence: Opportunities and Challenges”.

Affiliations and Expertise

Tsinghua University, Beijing, China

Kai Yang

Mr. Kai Yang received the B.S. degree in electronic engineering from the Dalian University of Technology, China in 2015. He is currently working toward the Ph.D. degree at the School of Information Science and Technology, ShanghaiTech University. His research interests include big data processing, mobile edge/fog computing, mobile edge artificial intelligence and dense communication networking. He has developed a wireless distributed computing framework for edge inference, and an over-the-air computation approach for edge federated machine learning.

Affiliations and Expertise

Dalian University of Technology, China

Zhanpeng Yang

Mr. Zhanpeng Yang will receive his B.S. degree from Xidian University on July 2020. He will join the School of Information Science and Technology, ShanghaiTech University, in Fall 2020. He mainly focuses on developing reconfigurable intelligence surface based 6G wireless technologies for mobile edge AI systems.

Affiliations and Expertise

Information Science and Technology, ShanghaiTech University

Yong Zhou

Dr. Yong Zhou received the B.Sc. and M.Eng. degrees from Shandong University, Jinan, China, in 2008 and 2011, respectively, and the Ph.D. degree from the University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada, in 2015. From Nov. 2015 to Jan. 2018, he worked as a postdoctoral research fellow in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada. Since Mar. 2018, he has been with the School of Information Science and Technology, ShanghaiTech University, where he is currently an Assistant Professor in, China. He will be a track TPC co-chair of IEEE VTC 2020 Fall. His research areas include optimization, machine learning, analysis, and resource allocation, with applications to beyond 5G, IoT, and edge networks.

Affiliations and Expertise

Shandong University, Jinan, China

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