Krause and Mahan's Food & the Nutrition Care Process

Krause and Mahan's Food & the Nutrition Care Process

15th Edition - April 27, 2020

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  • Authors: Janice L Raymond, Kelly Morrow
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780323636551
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323636568

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Description

A trusted classic for over 50 years, Krause and Mahan’s Food & the Nutrition Care Process, 15th Edition presents the most up-to-date dietetics content available in this ever-changing field to ensure you provide optimal nutritional care. It offers cutting-edge, comprehensive coverage of a full range of dietetics topics, all in one book. You’ll benefit from in-depth information from clinical specialists that provides practical and evidence-based recommendations related to nutrition assessment and intervention, nutritional needs of individuals in different stages of the life cycle, nutrition for health and fitness, and medical nutrition therapy.

Key Features

  • UNIQUE! Pathophysiology algorithms present the cause, pathophysiology, and medical nutrition management for a variety of disorders and conditions to help you provide optimal nutritional care.
  • UPDATED! Inflammation and the Pathophysiology of Chronic Disease chapter offers vital information to help you understand how diet and nutrition affect the body and contribute to disease processes.
  • UPDATED! Part III: Nutrition in the Life Cycle section of chapters explains the newest nutrition guidelines from pregnancy through adult years to increase your understanding of the nutritional needs of patients at every age.
  • Clinical case studies help you translate academic knowledge into practical patient care using the nutrition care process.
  • Nutrition Diagnosis boxes present a problem, its etiology, and its signs and symptoms before concluding with a sample nutrition diagnosis, providing you with real-life scenarios you may encounter in practice.
  • Clinical Insight boxes expand on clinical information, highlight new areas of focus, and contain clinical resources for your studies.

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • How to use
  • Copyright
  • Dedication
  • Contributors
  • Foreword
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgments
  • PART I. Nutrition Assessment
  •    Introduction
  • 1.  Intake: Gastrointestinal digestion, absorption, and excretion of nutrients
  •     The gastrointestinal tract
  •     Brief overview of digestive and absorptive processes
  •     The small intestine: Primary site of nutrient absorption
  •     The large intestine
  •     Summary
  •     Useful websites
  •     References
  • 2.  Intake: Energy
  •     Energy requirements
  •     Components of energy expenditure
  •     Estimating energy requirements
  •     Physical activity in children
  •     Calculating food energy
  •     Useful websites/apps
  •     References
  • 3.  Clinical: Water, electrolytes, and acid–base balance
  •     Body water
  •     Electrolytes
  •     Acid–base balance
  •     Acid generation
  •     Acid–base disorders
  •     References
  • 4.  Intake: Assessment of food- and nutrition-related history
  •     Nutritional status
  •     Nutrition screening
  •     Nutrition assessment
  •     Nutrition-related history
  •     Food and nutrient intake
  •     Food and nutrient administration
  •     Nutrition knowledge, beliefs, and attitudes
  •     Nutrition behaviors
  •     Medication and complementary or alternative medicines
  •     Nutrition access
  •     Physical activity and physical function
  •     Nutrition quality of life
  •     References
  • 5.  Clinical: Biochemical, physical, and functional assessment
  •     Biochemical assessment of nutrition status
  •     Nutrition interpretation of routine medical laboratory tests
  •     Assessment of hydration status
  •     Assessment for nutritional anemias
  •     Fat-soluble vitamins
  •     Water-soluble vitamins and trace minerals
  •     Chronic disease risk assessment
  •     Physical assessments
  •     Nutrition-focused physical examination
  •     Useful websites
  •     References
  • 6.  Nutritional genomics
  •     Genetic and genomic fundamentals
  •     Modes of inheritance
  •     Genetic variation, inheritance, and disease
  •     Nutritional genomics and chronic disease
  •     Summary
  •     Useful websites
  •     References
  • 7.  Inflammation and the pathophysiology of chronic disease
  •     Epidemic of chronic disease
  •     Concepts of chronic disease pathophysiology
  •     Inflammation: Common denominator of chronic disease
  •     Nutrient modulators of inflammation
  •     Reducing inflammation in the body
  •     Summary
  •     Useful websites
  •     References
  • 8.  Behavioral-environmental: The individual in the community
  •     Social determinants of health
  •     Nutrition practice in the community
  •     Needs assessment for community-based nutrition services
  •     National nutrition surveys
  •     National nutrition guidelines and goals
  •     Food assistance and nutrition programs
  •     Foodborne illness
  •     Food and water safety
  •     Disaster planning
  •     Healthy food and water systems and sustainability
  •     Summary: A work in progress
  •     Useful websites
  •     References
  • PART II. Nutrition Diagnosis and Intervention
  •    Introduction
  • 9.  Overview of nutrition diagnosis and intervention
  •     The nutrition care process
  •     Documentation in the nutrition care record
  •     Influences on nutrition and health care
  •     Nutrition interventions
  •     Nutrition for the terminally ill or hospice client
  •     Useful websites
  •     References
  • 10.  Food-nutrient delivery: Planning the diet with cultural competence
  •     Determining nutrient needs
  •     Worldwide guidelines
  •     Nutritional status of americans
  •     National guidelines for diet planning
  •     Food and nutrient labeling
  •     Dietary patterns and counseling tips
  •     Cultural aspects of dietary planning
  •     Useful websites
  •     References
  •     References
  • 11.  Food and nutrient delivery: Bioactive substances and integrative care
  •     Complementary and integrative medicine
  •     Use of complementary and integrative therapies
  •     Dietary supplementation
  •     Dietary supplement regulation
  •     Assessment of dietary supplement use in patients
  •     Useful websites
  •     References
  • 12.  Food and nutrient delivery: Nutrition support methods
  •     Rationale and criteria for appropriate nutrition support
  •     Enteral nutrition
  •     Enteral nutrition access
  •     Parenteral nutrition
  •     Complications
  •     Refeeding syndrome
  •     Transitional feeding
  •     Nutrition support in long-term and home care
  •     Useful websites
  •     References
  • 13.  Education and counseling: Behavioral change
  •     Behavior change
  •     Models for behavior change
  •     Models for counseling strategies
  •     Models for educational program development
  •     Skills and attributes of the nutrition educator or counselor
  •     Assessment results: Choosing focus areas
  •     Counseling approaches after the assessment
  •     Evaluation of effectiveness
  •     Summary
  •     Useful websites
  •     References
  • PART III. Nutrition in the Life Cycle
  •    Introduction
  • 14.  Nutrition in pregnancy and lactation
  •     Preconception and fertility
  •     Conception
  •     Pregnancy
  •     Postpartum period = preconceptual period
  •     Lactation
  •     Useful websites
  •     References
  • 15.  Nutrition in infancy
  •     Physiologic development
  •     Nutrient requirements
  •     Milk
  •     Food
  •     Feeding
  •     Useful websites
  •     References
  • 16.  Nutrition in childhood
  •     Growth and development
  •     Nutrient requirements
  •     Providing an adequate diet
  •     Nutritional concerns
  •     Preventing chronic disease
  •     Useful websites
  •     References
  • 17.  Nutrition in adolescence
  •     Growth and development
  •     Nutrient requirements
  •     Food habits and eating behaviors
  •     Nutrition screening, assessment, and counseling
  •     Special topics
  •     Useful websites
  •     References
  • 18.  Nutrition in the adult years
  •     Setting the stage: Nutrition in the adult years
  •     Setting the stage: Messages
  •     Information sources
  •     Lifestyle and health risk factors
  •     Health disparities and global health
  •     Nutritional factors affecting adult women and men
  •     Interventions, nutrition, and prevention
  •     Food trends and patterns
  •     Nutritional supplementation
  •     Functional foods
  •     Adult health next steps
  •     Useful websites
  •     References
  • 19.  Nutrition in aging
  •     The older population
  •     Gerontology, geriatrics, and the spectrum of aging
  •     Nutrition in health promotion and disease prevention
  •     Theories on aging
  •     Physiologic changes
  •     Quality of life
  •     Nutrition screening and assessment
  •     Nutrition needs
  •     Medicare benefits
  •     Nutrition support services
  •     Community and residential facilities for older adults
  •     Useful websites
  •     References
  • PART IV. Nutrition for Weight Management
  •    Introduction
  • 20.  Nutrition in weight management
  •     Weight management and obesity: Its foundation in nutritional medicine
  •     Body weight components
  •     Regulation of body weight
  •     Overweight and obesity
  •     Elements of energy balance dysregulation
  •     Management of obesity in adults
  •     Weight management in children and adolescents
  •     Excessive leanness or unintentional weight loss
  •     Useful websites
  •     References
  • 21.  Nutrition in eating disorders
  •     Clinical characteristics and medical complications
  •     Treatment approach
  •     Psychologic management
  •     Nutrition management
  •     Medical nutrition therapy and counseling
  •     Summary
  •     Useful websites
  •     References
  • 22.  Nutrition in exercise and sports performance
  •     Bioenergetics of physical activity
  •     Fuels for contracting muscles
  •     An integrative approach to working with athletes
  •     Nutritional requirements of exercise
  •     Weight management
  •     Weight management and aesthetics
  •     Macronutrients
  •     Carbohydrate
  •     Protein
  •     Fat
  •     Fluid
  •     Vitamins and minerals
  •     Minerals
  •     Ergogenic AIDS
  •     Popular ergogenic AIDS
  •     Performance enhancement substances and drugs: Doping in sport
  •     Useful websites
  •     References
  • 23.  Nutrition and bone health
  •     Introduction
  •     Bone structure and bone physiology
  •     Osteopenia and osteoporosis
  •     Nutrition and bone
  •     Treatment of osteoporosis
  •     References
  • 24.  Nutrition for oral and dental health
  •     Nutrition for tooth development
  •     Dental caries
  •     Early childhood caries
  •     Caries prevention
  •     Tooth loss and dentures
  •     Other oral disorders
  •     Periodontal disease
  •     Oral manifestations of systemic disease
  •     Useful websites
  •     References
  • PART V. Medical Nutrition Therapy
  •    Introduction
  • 25.  Medical nutrition therapy for adverse reactions to food: Allergies and intolerances
  •     Definitions
  •     Prevalence
  •     Etiology
  •     Pathophysiology of food allergy
  •     Immune system basics
  •     Food-dependent, exercise-induced anaphylaxis (FDEIA)
  •     Food intolerances
  •     Medical nutrition therapy
  •     Diagnosis
  •     Intervention
  •     Monitoring and evaluation
  •     Prevention of food allergies
  •     Useful websites
  •     References
  • 26.  Medical nutrition therapy for upper gastrointestinal tract disorders
  •     The esophagus
  •     The stomach
  •     Gastroparesis
  •     Useful websites
  •     References
  • 27.  Medical nutrition therapy for lower gastrointestinal tract disorders
  •     Common intestinal problems
  •     Diseases of the small intestine
  •     Intestinal brush-border enzyme deficiencies
  •     Inflammatory bowel disease
  •     Nutritional consequences of intestinal surgery
  •     Useful websites
  •     References
  • 28.  Medical nutrition therapy for hepatobiliary and pancreatic disorders
  •     Physiology and functions of the liver
  •     Diseases of the liver
  •     Complications of esld: Cause and nutrition treatment
  •     Nutrition issues related to end-stage liver disease
  •     Nutrient requirements for cirrhosis
  •     Herbal and dietary supplements and liver disease
  •     Liver resection and transplantation
  •     Physiology and functions of the gallbladder
  •     Diseases of the gallbladder
  •     Complementary and integrative medicine for gallstones
  •     Physiology and functions of the exocrine pancreas
  •     Diseases of the exocrine pancreas
  •     Complementary and integrative medicine for pancreatic disorders
  •     Pancreatic surgery
  •     Useful websites
  •     References
  • 29.  Medical nutrition therapy for diabetes mellitus and hypoglycemia of nondiabetic origin
  •     Incidence and prevalence
  •     Categories of glucose intolerance
  •     Screening and diagnostic criteria
  •     Management of prediabetes
  •     Management of diabetes
  •     Implementing the nutrition care process
  •     Acute complications
  •     Long-term complications
  •     Hypoglycemia of nondiabetic origin
  •     Useful websites
  •     References
  • 30.  Medical nutrition therapy for thyroid, adrenal, and other endocrine disorders
  •     Thyroid physiology
  •     Assessment in thyroid disorders
  •     Hypothyroidism
  •     Polycystic ovary syndrome
  •     Hyperthyroidism
  •     Managing imbalances of the hypothalamus-pituitary-thyroid axis
  •     Adrenal disorders
  •     Useful websites
  •     References
  • 31.  Medical nutrition therapy for anemia
  •     Iron-related blood disorders
  •     Iron overload
  •     Megaloblastic anemias
  •     Other nutritional anemias
  •     Nonnutritional anemias
  •     Useful websites
  •     References
  • 32.  Medical nutrition therapy for cardiovascular disease
  •     Atherosclerosis and coronary heart disease
  •     Genetic hyperlipidemias
  •     Hypertension
  •     Heart failure
  •     Cardiac transplantation
  •     Useful websites
  •     References
  • 33.  Medical nutrition therapy for pulmonary disease
  •     The pulmonary system
  •     Chronic pulmonary disease
  •     Asthma
  •     Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  •     Pulmonary hypertension
  •     Diffuse parenchymal lung disease
  •     Tuberculosis
  •     Lung cancer
  •     Obesity hypoventilation syndrome
  •     Pleural effusion
  •     Chylothorax
  •     Acute respiratory distress syndrome
  •     Pneumonia
  •     Lung transplantation
  •     Bronchopulmonary dysplasia
  •     Useful websites
  •     References
  • 34.  Medical therapy for renal disorders
  •     Physiology and function of the kidneys
  •     Renal diseases
  •     Education, adherence, and compliance
  •     Acute kidney injury (acute renal failure)
  •     Chronic kidney disease
  •     End-stage renal disease
  •     References
  • 35.  Medical nutrition therapy for cancer prevention, treatment, and survivorship
  •     Pathophysiology
  •     Nutrition and carcinogenesis
  •     Chemoprevention
  •     Medical diagnosis and staging of cancer
  •     Medical treatment
  •     Medical nutrition therapy
  •     Integrative, complementary, and functional oncology
  •     Nutritional impact of cancer treatments
  •     Nutrition monitoring and evaluation
  •     Pediatric cancer
  •     Nutrition recommendations for cancer survivors
  •     Useful websites
  •     References
  • 36.  Medical nutrition therapy for HIV and AIDS
  •     Epidemiology and trends
  •     Pathophysiology and classification
  •     Medical management
  •     Medical nutrition therapy
  •     HIV in women
  •     HIV in children
  •     Integrative and functional nutrition (IFN)
  •     Useful websites
  •     References
  • 37.  Medical nutrition therapy in critical care
  •     Metabolic response to stress
  •     Hormonal and cell-mediated response
  •     Starvation versus stress
  •     Systemic inflammatory response syndrome, sepsis, and organ dysfunction or failure
  •     Malnutrition: The etiology-based definition
  •     Trauma and the open abdomen
  •     Major burns
  •     Surgery
  •     Useful websites
  •     References
  • 38.  Medical nutrition therapy for rheumatic and musculoskeletal disease
  •     Etiology
  •     Pathophysiology and inflammation
  •     Medical diagnosis and treatment
  •     Pharmacotherapy
  •     Antiinflammatory diet
  •     Complementary and integrative health approaches
  •     Microbiota and arthritis
  •     Osteoarthritis
  •     Rheumatoid arthritis
  •     Sjögren’s syndrome
  •     Temporomandibular disorders
  •     Gout
  •     Scleroderma (systemic sclerosis or SSc)
  •     Systemic lupus erythematosus
  •     Spondylarthritides
  •     Useful websites
  •     References
  • 39.  Medical nutrition therapy for neurologic disorders
  •     The nervous system
  •     Dysphagia
  •     Neurologic diseases of nutritional origin
  •     Neurologic disorders from trauma
  •     Head trauma or neurotrauma
  •     Spine trauma and spinal cord injury
  •     Neurologic diseases
  •     Useful websites
  •     References
  • 40.  Medical nutrition therapy in psychiatric and cognitive disorders
  •     The enteric nervous system
  •     Blood glucose regulation
  •     The role of nutrients in mental function
  •     Addiction and substance abuse
  •     Anxiety
  •     Bipolar disorder
  •     Dementia and alzheimer’s disease
  •     Depression
  •     Fatigue, chronic fatigue syndromE (CFS), and fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS)
  •     Schizophrenia
  •     Useful websites
  •     References
  • PART VI. Pediatric Specialties
  •    Introduction
  • 41.  Medical nutrition therapy for low-birthweight infants
  •     Infant mortality and statistics
  •     Physiologic development
  •     Nutrition requirements: Parenteral feeding
  •     Transition from parenteral to enteral feeding
  •     Nutrition requirements: Enteral feeding
  •     Feeding methods
  •     Selection of enteral feeding
  •     Nutrition assessment and growth
  •     Discharge care
  •     Neurodevelopmental outcome
  •     Useful websites
  •     References
  • 42.  Medical nutrition therapy for genetic metabolic disorders
  •     Newborn screening
  •     Disorders of amino acid metabolism
  •     Phenylketonuria
  •     Disorders of organic acid metabolism
  •     Disorders of urea cycle metabolism
  •     Disorders of carbohydrate metabolism
  •     Disorders of fatty acid oxidation
  •     Role of the nutritionist in genetic metabolic disorders
  •     Useful websites
  •     References
  • 43.  Medical nutrition therapy for intellectual and developmental disabilities
  •     Medical nutrition therapy
  •     Chromosomal abnormalities
  •     Neurologic disorders
  •     Fetal alcohol syndrome
  •     Community resources
  •     Useful websites
  •     References
  • Appendix 1: Milliequivalents and milligrams of electrolytes
  • Appendix 2: Equivalents conversions and portion scoop sizes
  • Appendix 3: Growth charts
  • Appendix 4: Tanner stages of adolescent development for girls and boys
  • Appendix 5: Direct methods for measuring height and weight and indirect methods for measuring height
  • Appendix 6: Determination of frame size
  • Appendix 7: Adjustment of desirable body weight for amputees
  • Appendix 8: Body mass index table
  • Appendix 9: Percentage of body fat based on four skinfold measurements
  • Appendix 10: Physical activity and calories expended per hour
  • Appendix 11: Nutrition focused physical assessment
  • Appendix 12: Laboratory values for nutritional assessment and monitoring
  • Appendix 13: Nutritional implications of selected drugs
  • Appendix 14: Nutritional facts on fluid and hydration
  • Appendix 15: Enteral tube feeding formulas for adults marketed in the United States
  • Appendix 16: Sample stepwise method to calculate a parenteral nutrition PN formula
  • Appendix 17: Dietary approaches to stop hypertension DASH diet
  • Appendix 18: Exchange lists and carbohydrate counting for meal planning
  • Appendix 19: The ketogenic diet
  • Appendix 20: The international dysphagia diet standardisation initiative IDDSI
  • Appendix 21: Renal diet for dialysis
  • Appendix 22: The antiinflammatory diet
  • Appendix 23: The mediterranean diet
  • Appendix 24: Nutritional facts on alcoholic beverages
  • Appendix 25: Nutritional facts on caffeine containing products
  • Appendix 26: Nutritional facts on essential omega fatty acids
  • Appendix 27: Nutritional facts on a high fiber diet
  • Appendix 28: Glycemic index GI and glycemic load GL of selected foods
  • Appendix 29: Nutritional facts on a high protein diet
  • Appendix 30: Nutritional facts on vegetarian eating
  • Appendix 31: Nutritional facts on folic acid vitamin B6 and vitamin B12
  • Appendix 32: Nutritional facts on choline
  • Appendix 33: Nutritional facts on biotin
  • Appendix 34: Nutritional facts on vitamin A and carotenoids
  • Appendix 35: Nutritional facts on vitamin C
  • Appendix 36: Nutritional facts on vitamin E
  • Appendix 37: Nutritional facts on vitamin K
  • Appendix 38: Nutritional facts on vitamin D
  • Appendix 39: Nutritional facts on calcium
  • Appendix 40: Nutritional facts on chromium
  • Appendix 41: Nutritional facts on iodine
  • Appendix 42: Nutritional facts on iron
  • Appendix 43: Nutritional facts on magnesium
  • Appendix 44: Nutritional facts on potassium
  • Appendix 45: Nutritional facts on selenium
  • Appendix 46: Sodium in food
  • Appendix 47: Nutritional facts on zinc
  • Index
  • End sheet 1
  • End sheet 2

Product details

  • No. of pages: 1216
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Saunders 2020
  • Published: April 27, 2020
  • Imprint: Saunders
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780323636551
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323636568

About the Authors

Janice L Raymond

Affiliations and Expertise

Clinical Nutrition Director Thomas Cuisine Management at Providence Mount St. Vincent Seattle, Washington Affiliate Faculty Department of Nutrition and Exercise Science Bastyr University Kenmore, Washington

Kelly Morrow

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor Nutrition Clinic Coordinator Department of Nutrition and Exercise Science Bastyr University Kenmore, Washington

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