Is Justice Real When “Reality” is Not?

Is Justice Real When “Reality” is Not?

Constructing Ethical Digital Environments

1st Edition - October 2, 2023

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  • Authors: Katherine Forrest, Jerrold Wexler
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323956208

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Is Justice Real When “Reality” is Not?: Constructing Ethical Digital Environments examines how frameworks and concepts of justice should evolve in virtual worlds. Directed at researchers working in or with an interest in virtual reality, as well as those interested in the fields of artificial intelligence, and justice generally, this is laid against research regarding the impact on human psychological states of existing within alternative ethical frameworks. With chapters dedicated to behavioral impacts of virtual events, robotics and "unconscious", and human psychological states of role playing and existing, readers will be well-equipped to navigate the virtual worlds in which millions of people currently spend time.

Key Features

  • Provides an introduction into virtual worlds in which humans increasingly spend significant time
  • Analyzes the psychological impact on humans of spending time in virtual worlds
  • Discusses ethical and justice frameworks, robotics, the psychology of role playing, and future virtual worlds


Neuroscientists, psychologists, researchers working in virtual reality and/or artificial intelligence

Table of Contents

  • 1. Introduction
    2. Basic Concepts in Evolving Virtual Worlds
    3. Virtual Worlds Vs Reality: Behavior
    4. Ethical and Justice Frameworks
    5. Behavioral Impacts of Virtual Events
    6. Robotics and Synthetic Humans
    7. "Unconscious" AI
    8. The Psychology of Role Playing
    9. Human Psychological States of Existing
    10. Future Virtual Worlds

Product details

  • No. of pages: 300
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2023
  • Published: October 2, 2023
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323956208

About the Authors

Katherine Forrest

Katherine B. Forrest is a former United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York. Nominated by former President Barack Obama on the recommendation of U.S. Senator Charles Schumer (NY), she received her judicial commission in October 2011 and presided over several thousand cases, including more than 100 trials, and, in 2016, became chair of the Grievance Committee for the Southern District. After retiring from the federal bench, she returned to practice at Cravath, as a partner in the firm’s litigation department. She is a regular technology contributor to the New York Law Journal in the area of AI and Justice; and frequently lectures in the same area. She provides annual lectures to the New York Judicial Institute and the National Judicial Institute on AI. She has spoken at the E3 conference on the topic of Virtual Reality, Ethics, and Justice. In addition, Forrest continues to practice law with a particular focus on issues in the digital environment.

Affiliations and Expertise

Former United States District Judge, United States District Court for the Southern District of New York, NY, USA

Jerrold Wexler

Jerrold Wexler is a Researcher at the Rochester Institute of Technology examining the psychology of virtual reality experiences. With certification in game design from the Rochester Institute of Technology, he has spent significant time teaching students game design and computer programming. He has a particular interest in the behavioral impacts of increasing time spent in virtual worlds.

Affiliations and Expertise

Researcher, Rochester Institute of Technology, NY, USA

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