Hydraulics of Open Channel Flow

Hydraulics of Open Channel Flow

2nd Edition - May 25, 2004

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  • Author: Hubert Chanson
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780750659789
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080472973

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Description

Since the publication of its first edition in 1999, 'The Hydraulics of Open Channel Flow' has been praised by professionals, academics, students and researchers alike as the most practical modern textbook on open channel flow available. This new edition includes substantial new material on hydraulic modelling, in particular addressing unsteady open channel flows. There are also many new exercises and projects, including a major new revision assignment. This innovative textbook contains numerous examples and practical applications, and is fully illustrated with photographs. Dr Chanson introduces the basic principles of open channel flow and takes readers through the key topics of sediment transport, hydraulic modelling and the design of hydraulic structures.

Key Features

  • Comprehensive coverage of the basic principles of key application areas of the hydraulics of open channel flow
  • New exercises and examples added to aid understanding
  • Ideal for use by students and lecturers in civil and environmental engineering

Readership

Students and professionals of civil and environmental engineering, hydraulics and fluid mechanics

Table of Contents

  • Part 1: Basic Principles of Open Channel Flows

    Chapter 1: Introduction

    Summary

    1.1 PRESENTATION

    1.2 FLUID PROPERTIES

    1.3 STATIC FLUIDS

    1.4 OPEN CHANNEL FLOW

    1.5 EXERCISES

    Chapter 2: Fundamental equations

    Summary

    2.1 INTRODUCTION

    2.2 THE FUNDAMENTAL EQUATIONS

    2.3 EXERCISES

    Chapter 3: Applications of the Bernoulli equation to open channel flows

    Summary

    3.1 INTRODUCTION

    3.2 APPLICATION OF THE BERNOULLI EQUATION – SPECIFIC ENERGY

    3.3 FROUDE NUMBER

    3.4 PROPERTIES OF COMMON OPEN-CHANNEL SHAPES

    3.5 EXERCISES

    Chapter 4: Applications of the momentum principle: hydraulic jump, surge and flow resistance in open channels

    Summary

    4.1 MOMENTUM PRINCIPLE AND APPLICATION

    4.2 HYDRAULIC JUMP

    4.3 SURGES AND BORES

    4.4 FLOW RESISTANCE IN OPEN CHANNELS

    4.5 FLOW RESISTANCE CALCULATIONS IN ENGINEERING PRACTICE

    Chapter 5: Uniform flows and gradually varied flows

    summary

    5.1 UNIFORM FLOWS

    5.2 NON-UNIFORM FLOWS

    5.3 EXERCISES

    Part 1: Revision exercises

    REVISION EXERCISE NO. 1

    REVISION EXERCISE NO. 2

    REVISION EXERCISE NO. 3

    REVISION EXERCISE NO. 4

    REVISION EXERCISE NO. 5

    REVISION EXERCISE NO. 6

    REVISION EXERCISE NO. 7

    REVISION EXERCISE NO. 8

    REVISION EXERCISE NO. 9

    A1.1 CONSTANTS AND FLUID PROPERTIES

    A1.2 UNIT CONVERSIONS

    A1.3 MATHEMATICS

    A1.4 ALTERNATE DEPTHS IN OPEN CHANNEL FLOW

    Part 2: Introduction to Sediment Transport in Open Channels

    Chapter 6: Introduction to sediment transport in open channels

    6.1 INTRODUCTION

    6.2 SIGNIFICANCE OF SEDIMENT TRANSPORT

    6.3 TERMINOLOGY

    6.4 STRUCTURE OF THIS SECTION

    6.5 EXERCISES

    Chapter 7: Sediment transport and sediment properties

    7.1 BASIC CONCEPTS

    7.2 PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF SEDIMENTS

    7.3 PARTICLE FALL VELOCITY

    7.4 ANGLE OF REPOSE

    7.5 LABORATORY MEASUREMENTS

    7.6 EXERCISES

    Chapter 8: Inception of sediment motion – occurrence of bed load motion

    8.1 INTRODUCTION

    8.2 HYDRAULICS OF ALLUVIAL STREAMS

    8.3 THRESHOLD OF SEDIMENT BED MOTION

    8.4 EXERCISES

    Chapter 9: Inception of suspended-load motion

    9.1 PRESENTATION

    9.2 INITIATION OF SUSPENSION AND CRITICAL BED SHEAR STRESS

    9.3 ONSET OF HYPERCONCENTRATED FLOW

    9.4 EXERCISES

    Chapter 10: Sediment transport mechanisms: 1. Bed-load transport

    10.1 INTRODUCTION

    10.2 EMPIRICAL CORRELATIONS OF BED-LOAD TRANSPORT RATE

    10.3 BED-LOAD CALCULATIONS

    10.4 APPLICATIONS

    10.5 EXERCISES

    Chapter 11: Sediment transport mechanisms: 2. Suspended-load transport

    11.1 INTRODUCTION

    11.2 ADVECTIVE DIFFUSION OF SEDIMENT SUSPENSION

    11.3 SUSPENDED-SEDIMENT TRANSPORT RATE

    11.4 HYPERCONCENTRATED SUSPENSION FLOWS

    11.5 EXERCISES

    Chapter 12: Sediment transport capacity and total sediment transport

    12.1 INTRODUCTION

    12.2 TOTAL SEDIMENT TRANSPORT RATE (SEDIMENT TRANSPORT CAPACITY)

    12.3 EROSION, ACCRETION AND SEDIMENT BED MOTION

    12.4 SEDIMENT TRANSPORT IN ALLUVIAL CHANNELS

    12.5 APPLICATIONS

    12.5.2 Application No.1

    12.6 EXERCISES

    Part 2: Revision exercises

    REVISION EXERCISE NO. 1

    REVISION EXERCISE NO. 2

    REVISION EXERCISE NO. 3

    REVISION EXERCISE NO. 4

    REVISION EXERCISE NO. 5

    A2.1 SOME EXAMPLES OF RESERVOIR SEDIMENTATION

    Part 3: Hydraulic Modelling

    Chapter 13: Summary of basic hydraulic principles

    13.1 INTRODUCTION

    13.2 BASIC PRINCIPLES

    13.3 FLOW RESISTANCE

    Chapter 14: Physical modelling of hydraulics

    14.1 INTRODUCTION

    14.2 BASIC PRINCIPLES

    14.3 DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS

    14.4 MODELLING FULLY ENCLOSED FLOWS

    14.5 MODELLING FREE-SURFACE FLOWS

    14.6 DESIGN OF PHYSICAL MODELS

    14.7 SUMMARY

    14.8 EXERCISES

    Chapter 15: Numerical modelling of steady open channel flows: backwater computations

    15.1 INTRODUCTION

    15.2 BASIC EQUATIONS

    15.3 BACKWATER CALCULATIONS

    15.4 NUMERICAL INTEGRATION

    15.5 DISCUSSION

    15.6 COMPUTER MODELS

    15.7 EXERCISES

    Chapter 16: Unsteady open channel flows: 1. Basic equations

    Summary

    16.1 INTRODUCTION

    16.2 BASIC EQUATIONS

    16.3 METHOD OF CHARACTERISTICS

    16.4 DISCUSSION

    16.5 EXERCISES

    Chapter 17: Unsteady open channel flows: 2. Applications

    Summary

    17.1 INTRODUCTION

    17.2 PROPAGATION OF WAVES

    17.3 THE SIMPLE-WAVE PROBLEM

    17.4 POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE SURGES

    17.5 THE KINEMATIC WAVE PROBLEM

    17.6 THE DIFFUSION WAVE PROBLEM

    17.7 DAM BREAK WAVE

    17.8 EXERCISES

    Part 3: Revision exercises

    REVISION EXERCISE NO. 1

    REVISION EXERCISE NO. 2

    REVISION EXERCISE NO. 3

    Solution

    Remarks

    A3.1 PHYSICAL MODELLING OF MOVABLE BOUNDARY HYDRAULICS

    A3.2 EXTENSION OF THE BACKWATER EQUATION

    A3.3 COMPUTER CALCULATIONS OF BACKWATER PROFILES

    A3.4 GAUSSIAN ERROR FUNCTIONS

    Part 4: Design of Hydraulic Structures

    Chapter 18: Introduction to the design of hydraulic structures

    18.1 INTRODUCTION

    18.2 STRUCTURE OF PART 4

    18.3 PROFESSIONAL DESIGN APPROACH

    Chapter 19: Design of weirs and spillways

    19.1 Introduction

    19.2 CREST DESIGN

    19.3 CHUTE DESIGN

    19.4 STILLING BASINS AND ENERGY DISSIPATORS

    19.5 DESIGN PROCEDURE

    19.6 EXERCISES

    Chapter 20: Design of drop structures and stepped cascades

    20.1 INTRODUCTION

    20.2 DROP STRUCTURES

    20.3 NAPPE FLOW ON STEPPED CASCADES

    20.4 EXERCISES

    Chapter 21: Culvert design

    21.1 INTRODUCTION

    21.2 BASIC FEATURES OF A CULVERT

    21.3 DESIGN OF STANDARD CULVERTS

    21.4 DESIGN OF MEL CULVERTS

    21.5 EXERCISES

    Part 4: Revision exercises

    REVISION EXERCISE NO. 1

    REVISION EXERCISE NO. 2 (HYDRAULIC DESIGN OF A NEW GOLD CREEK DAM SPILLWAY)

    REVISION EXERCISE NO. 3 (HYDRAULIC DESIGN OF THE NUDGEE ROAD BRIDGE WATERWAY)

    REVISION EXERCISE NO. 4

    A4.1 SPILLWAY CHUTE FLOW CALCULATIONS

    A4.2 EXAMPLES OF MINIMUM ENERGY LOSS WEIRS

    A4.3 EXAMPLES OF MINIMUM ENERGY LOSS CULVERTS AND WATERWAYS

    A4.4 COMPUTER CALCULATIONS OF STANDARD CULVERT HYDRAULICS

    References

    Additional bibliography

    Problems

    P1: A study of the Marib dam and its sluice system (BC 115 to AD 575)

    P2: A study of the Moeris reservoir, the Ha-Uar dam and the canal connecting the Nile River and Lake Moeris around BC 2900 to BC 230

    P3: A study of the Moche river irrigation systems (Peru AD 200–1532)

    P4: Hydraulics of the Nîmes aqueduct

    Suggestion/correction form

    Author index

    Subject index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 666
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 2004
  • Published: May 25, 2004
  • Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780750659789
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080472973

About the Author

Hubert Chanson

Hubert Chanson is a reader in fluid mechanics, hydraulics and waterengineering at the University of Queensland, Australia. His research interests include hydraulic engneering, design of hydraulic structures, two-phase gas-liquid flows, mixing and dispersion in coastal and estuarine zones. He has had over 200 international refereed papers, written 7 books and has been an active consultant for both governmental agencies and private organizations.

Affiliations and Expertise

The University of Queensland, Australia

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