# Hydraulics of Open Channel Flow

## 2nd Edition

**Authors:**Hubert Chanson

**Paperback ISBN:**9780750659789

**eBook ISBN:**9780080472973

**Imprint:**Butterworth-Heinemann

**Published Date:**25th May 2004

**Page Count:**650

## Description

Preface to the first edition

Preface to the second edition

Acknowledgements

About the author

Dedication

Glossary

List of Symbols

Part 1: Basic Principles of Open Channel Flows

Chapter 1: Introduction

Summary

1.1 PRESENTATION

1.2 FLUID PROPERTIES

1.3 STATIC FLUIDS

1.4 OPEN CHANNEL FLOW

1.5 EXERCISES

Chapter 2: Fundamental equations

Summary

2.1 INTRODUCTION

2.2 THE FUNDAMENTAL EQUATIONS

2.3 EXERCISES

Chapter 3: Applications of the Bernoulli equation to open channel flows

Summary

3.1 INTRODUCTION

3.2 APPLICATION OF THE BERNOULLI EQUATION – SPECIFIC ENERGY

3.3 FROUDE NUMBER

3.4 PROPERTIES OF COMMON OPEN-CHANNEL SHAPES

3.5 EXERCISES

Chapter 4: Applications of the momentum principle: hydraulic jump, surge and flow resistance in open channels

Summary

4.1 MOMENTUM PRINCIPLE AND APPLICATION

4.2 HYDRAULIC JUMP

4.3 SURGES AND BORES

4.4 FLOW RESISTANCE IN OPEN CHANNELS

4.5 FLOW RESISTANCE CALCULATIONS IN ENGINEERING PRACTICE

Chapter 5: Uniform flows and gradually varied flows

summary

5.1 UNIFORM FLOWS

5.2 NON-UNIFORM FLOWS

5.3 EXERCISES

Part 1: Revision exercises

REVISION EXERCISE NO. 1

REVISION EXERCISE NO. 2

REVISION EXERCISE NO. 3

REVISION EXERCISE NO. 4

REVISION EXERCISE NO. 5

REVISION EXERCISE NO. 6

REVISION EXERCISE NO. 7

REVISION EXERCISE NO. 8

REVISION EXERCISE NO. 9

A1.1 CONSTANTS AND FLUID PROPERTIES

A1.2 UNIT CONVERSIONS

A1.3 MATHEMATICS

A1.4 ALTERNATE DEPTHS IN OPEN CHANNEL FLOW

Part 2: Introduction to Sediment Transport in Open Channels

Chapter 6: Introduction to sediment transport in open channels

6.1 INTRODUCTION

6.2 SIGNIFICANCE OF SEDIMENT TRANSPORT

6.3 TERMINOLOGY

6.4 STRUCTURE OF THIS SECTION

6.5 EXERCISES

Chapter 7: Sediment transport and sediment properties

7.1 BASIC CONCEPTS

7.2 PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF SEDIMENTS

7.3 PARTICLE FALL VELOCITY

7.4 ANGLE OF REPOSE

7.5 LABORATORY MEASUREMENTS

7.6 EXERCISES

Chapter 8: Inception of sediment motion â€“ occurrence of bed load motion

8.1 INTRODUCTION

8.2 HYDRAULICS OF ALLUVIAL STREAMS

8.3 THRESHOLD OF SEDIMENT BED MOTION

8.4 EXERCISES

Chapter 9: Inception of suspended-load motion

9.1 PRESENTATION

9.2 INITIATION OF SUSPENSION AND CRITICAL BED SHEAR STRESS

9.3 ONSET OF HYPERCONCENTRATED FLOW

9.4 EXERCISES

Chapter 10: Sediment transport mechanisms: 1. Bed-load transport

10.1 INTRODUCTION

10.2 EMPIRICAL CORRELATIONS OF BED-LOAD TRANSPORT RATE

10.3 BED-LOAD CALCULATIONS

10.4 APPLICATIONS

10.5 EXERCISES

Chapter 11: Sediment transport mechanisms: 2. Suspended-load transport

11.1 INTRODUCTION

11.2 ADVECTIVE DIFFUSION OF SEDIMENT SUSPENSION

11.3 SUSPENDED-SEDIMENT TRANSPORT RATE

11.4 HYPERCONCENTRATED SUSPENSION FLOWS

11.5 EXERCISES

Chapter 12: Sediment transport capacity and total sediment transport

12.1 INTRODUCTION

12.2 TOTAL SEDIMENT TRANSPORT RATE (SEDIMENT TRANSPORT CAPACITY)

12.3 EROSION, ACCRETION AND SEDIMENT BED MOTION

12.4 SEDIMENT TRANSPORT IN ALLUVIAL CHANNELS

12.5 APPLICATIONS

12.5.2 Application No.1

12.6 EXERCISES

Part 2: Revision exercises

REVISION EXERCISE NO. 1

REVISION EXERCISE NO. 2

REVISION EXERCISE NO. 3

REVISION EXERCISE NO. 4

REVISION EXERCISE NO. 5

A2.1 SOME EXAMPLES OF RESERVOIR SEDIMENTATION

Part 3: Hydraulic Modelling

Chapter 13: Summary of basic hydraulic principles

13.1 INTRODUCTION

13.2 BASIC PRINCIPLES

13.3 FLOW RESISTANCE

Chapter 14: Physical modelling of hydraulics

14.1 INTRODUCTION

14.2 BASIC PRINCIPLES

14.3 DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS

14.4 MODELLING FULLY ENCLOSED FLOWS

14.5 MODELLING FREE-SURFACE FLOWS

14.6 DESIGN OF PHYSICAL MODELS

14.7 SUMMARY

14.8 EXERCISES

Chapter 15: Numerical modelling of steady open channel flows: backwater computations

15.1 INTRODUCTION

15.2 BASIC EQUATIONS

15.3 BACKWATER CALCULATIONS

15.4 NUMERICAL INTEGRATION

15.5 DISCUSSION

15.6 COMPUTER MODELS

15.7 EXERCISES

Chapter 16: Unsteady open channel flows: 1. Basic equations

Summary

16.1 INTRODUCTION

16.2 BASIC EQUATIONS

16.3 METHOD OF CHARACTERISTICS

16.4 DISCUSSION

16.5 EXERCISES

Chapter 17: Unsteady open channel flows: 2. Applications

Summary

17.1 INTRODUCTION

17.2 PROPAGATION OF WAVES

17.3 THE SIMPLE-WAVE PROBLEM

17.4 POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE SURGES

17.5 THE KINEMATIC WAVE PROBLEM

17.6 THE DIFFUSION WAVE PROBLEM

17.7 DAM BREAK WAVE

17.8 EXERCISES

Part 3: Revision exercises

REVISION EXERCISE NO. 1

REVISION EXERCISE NO. 2

REVISION EXERCISE NO. 3

Solution

Remarks

A3.1 PHYSICAL MODELLING OF MOVABLE BOUNDARY HYDRAULICS

A3.2 EXTENSION OF THE BACKWATER EQUATION

A3.3 COMPUTER CALCULATIONS OF BACKWATER PROFILES

A3.4 GAUSSIAN ERROR FUNCTIONS

Part 4: Design of Hydraulic Structures

Chapter 18: Introduction to the design of hydraulic structures

18.1 INTRODUCTION

18.2 STRUCTURE OF PART 4

18.3 PROFESSIONAL DESIGN APPROACH

Chapter 19: Design of weirs and spillways

19.1 Introduction

19.2 CREST DESIGN

19.3 CHUTE DESIGN

19.4 STILLING BASINS AND ENERGY DISSIPATORS

19.5 DESIGN PROCEDURE

19.6 EXERCISES

Chapter 20: Design of drop structures and stepped cascades

20.1 INTRODUCTION

20.2 DROP STRUCTURES

20.3 NAPPE FLOW ON STEPPED CASCADES

20.4 EXERCISES

Chapter 21: Culvert design

21.1 INTRODUCTION

21.2 BASIC FEATURES OF A CULVERT

21.3 DESIGN OF STANDARD CULVERTS

21.4 DESIGN OF MEL CULVERTS

21.5 EXERCISES

Part 4: Revision exercises

REVISION EXERCISE NO. 1

REVISION EXERCISE NO. 2 (HYDRAULIC DESIGN OF A NEW GOLD CREEK DAM SPILLWAY)

REVISION EXERCISE NO. 3 (HYDRAULIC DESIGN OF THE NUDGEE ROAD BRIDGE WATERWAY)

REVISION EXERCISE NO. 4

A4.1 SPILLWAY CHUTE FLOW CALCULATIONS

A4.2 EXAMPLES OF MINIMUM ENERGY LOSS WEIRS

A4.3 EXAMPLES OF MINIMUM ENERGY LOSS CULVERTS AND WATERWAYS

A4.4 COMPUTER CALCULATIONS OF STANDARD CULVERT HYDRAULICS

References

Additional bibliography

Problems

P1: A study of the Marib dam and its sluice system (BC 115 to AD 575)

P2: A study of the Moeris reservoir, the Ha-Uar dam and the canal connecting the Nile River and Lake Moeris around BC 2900 to BC 230

P3: A study of the Moche river irrigation systems (Peru AD 200â€“1532)

P4: Hydraulics of the NÃ®mes aqueduct

Suggestion/correction form

Author index

Subject index

## Key Features

·Comprehensive coverage of the basic principles of key application areas of the hydraulics of open channel flow

·New exercises and examples added to aid understanding

·Ideal for use by students and lecturers in civil and environmental engineering

## Readership

Students & professionals of civil & environmental engineering, hydraulics & fluid mechanics.

## Table of Contents

Preface to the first edition

Preface to the second edition

Acknowledgements

About the author

Dedication

Glossary

List of Symbols

Part 1: Basic Principles of Open Channel Flows

Chapter 1: Introduction

Summary

1.1 PRESENTATION

1.2 FLUID PROPERTIES

1.3 STATIC FLUIDS

1.4 OPEN CHANNEL FLOW

1.5 EXERCISES

Chapter 2: Fundamental equations

Summary

2.1 INTRODUCTION

2.2 THE FUNDAMENTAL EQUATIONS

2.3 EXERCISES

Chapter 3: Applications of the Bernoulli equation to open channel flows

Summary

3.1 INTRODUCTION

3.2 APPLICATION OF THE BERNOULLI EQUATION – SPECIFIC ENERGY

3.3 FROUDE NUMBER

3.4 PROPERTIES OF COMMON OPEN-CHANNEL SHAPES

3.5 EXERCISES

Chapter 4: Applications of the momentum principle: hydraulic jump, surge and flow resistance in open channels

Summary

4.1 MOMENTUM PRINCIPLE AND APPLICATION

4.2 HYDRAULIC JUMP

4.3 SURGES AND BORES

4.4 FLOW RESISTANCE IN OPEN CHANNELS

4.5 FLOW RESISTANCE CALCULATIONS IN ENGINEERING PRACTICE

Chapter 5: Uniform flows and gradually varied flows

summary

5.1 UNIFORM FLOWS

5.2 NON-UNIFORM FLOWS

5.3 EXERCISES

Part 1: Revision exercises

REVISION EXERCISE NO. 1

REVISION EXERCISE NO. 2

REVISION EXERCISE NO. 3

REVISION EXERCISE NO. 4

REVISION EXERCISE NO. 5

REVISION EXERCISE NO. 6

REVISION EXERCISE NO. 7

REVISION EXERCISE NO. 8

REVISION EXERCISE NO. 9

A1.1 CONSTANTS AND FLUID PROPERTIES

A1.2 UNIT CONVERSIONS

A1.3 MATHEMATICS

A1.4 ALTERNATE DEPTHS IN OPEN CHANNEL FLOW

Part 2: Introduction to Sediment Transport in Open Channels

Chapter 6: Introduction to sediment transport in open channels

6.1 INTRODUCTION

6.2 SIGNIFICANCE OF SEDIMENT TRANSPORT

6.3 TERMINOLOGY

6.4 STRUCTURE OF THIS SECTION

6.5 EXERCISES

Chapter 7: Sediment transport and sediment properties

7.1 BASIC CONCEPTS

7.2 PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF SEDIMENTS

7.3 PARTICLE FALL VELOCITY

7.4 ANGLE OF REPOSE

7.5 LABORATORY MEASUREMENTS

7.6 EXERCISES

Chapter 8: Inception of sediment motion â€“ occurrence of bed load motion

8.1 INTRODUCTION

8.2 HYDRAULICS OF ALLUVIAL STREAMS

8.3 THRESHOLD OF SEDIMENT BED MOTION

8.4 EXERCISES

Chapter 9: Inception of suspended-load motion

9.1 PRESENTATION

9.2 INITIATION OF SUSPENSION AND CRITICAL BED SHEAR STRESS

9.3 ONSET OF HYPERCONCENTRATED FLOW

9.4 EXERCISES

Chapter 10: Sediment transport mechanisms: 1. Bed-load transport

10.1 INTRODUCTION

10.2 EMPIRICAL CORRELATIONS OF BED-LOAD TRANSPORT RATE

10.3 BED-LOAD CALCULATIONS

10.4 APPLICATIONS

10.5 EXERCISES

Chapter 11: Sediment transport mechanisms: 2. Suspended-load transport

11.1 INTRODUCTION

11.2 ADVECTIVE DIFFUSION OF SEDIMENT SUSPENSION

11.3 SUSPENDED-SEDIMENT TRANSPORT RATE

11.4 HYPERCONCENTRATED SUSPENSION FLOWS

11.5 EXERCISES

Chapter 12: Sediment transport capacity and total sediment transport

12.1 INTRODUCTION

12.2 TOTAL SEDIMENT TRANSPORT RATE (SEDIMENT TRANSPORT CAPACITY)

12.3 EROSION, ACCRETION AND SEDIMENT BED MOTION

12.4 SEDIMENT TRANSPORT IN ALLUVIAL CHANNELS

12.5 APPLICATIONS

12.5.2 Application No.1

12.6 EXERCISES

Part 2: Revision exercises

REVISION EXERCISE NO. 1

REVISION EXERCISE NO. 2

REVISION EXERCISE NO. 3

REVISION EXERCISE NO. 4

REVISION EXERCISE NO. 5

A2.1 SOME EXAMPLES OF RESERVOIR SEDIMENTATION

Part 3: Hydraulic Modelling

Chapter 13: Summary of basic hydraulic principles

13.1 INTRODUCTION

13.2 BASIC PRINCIPLES

13.3 FLOW RESISTANCE

Chapter 14: Physical modelling of hydraulics

14.1 INTRODUCTION

14.2 BASIC PRINCIPLES

14.3 DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS

14.4 MODELLING FULLY ENCLOSED FLOWS

14.5 MODELLING FREE-SURFACE FLOWS

14.6 DESIGN OF PHYSICAL MODELS

14.7 SUMMARY

14.8 EXERCISES

Chapter 15: Numerical modelling of steady open channel flows: backwater computations

15.1 INTRODUCTION

15.2 BASIC EQUATIONS

15.3 BACKWATER CALCULATIONS

15.4 NUMERICAL INTEGRATION

15.5 DISCUSSION

15.6 COMPUTER MODELS

15.7 EXERCISES

Chapter 16: Unsteady open channel flows: 1. Basic equations

Summary

16.1 INTRODUCTION

16.2 BASIC EQUATIONS

16.3 METHOD OF CHARACTERISTICS

16.4 DISCUSSION

16.5 EXERCISES

Chapter 17: Unsteady open channel flows: 2. Applications

Summary

17.1 INTRODUCTION

17.2 PROPAGATION OF WAVES

17.3 THE SIMPLE-WAVE PROBLEM

17.4 POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE SURGES

17.5 THE KINEMATIC WAVE PROBLEM

17.6 THE DIFFUSION WAVE PROBLEM

17.7 DAM BREAK WAVE

17.8 EXERCISES

Part 3: Revision exercises

REVISION EXERCISE NO. 1

REVISION EXERCISE NO. 2

REVISION EXERCISE NO. 3

Solution

Remarks

A3.1 PHYSICAL MODELLING OF MOVABLE BOUNDARY HYDRAULICS

A3.2 EXTENSION OF THE BACKWATER EQUATION

A3.3 COMPUTER CALCULATIONS OF BACKWATER PROFILES

A3.4 GAUSSIAN ERROR FUNCTIONS

Part 4: Design of Hydraulic Structures

Chapter 18: Introduction to the design of hydraulic structures

18.1 INTRODUCTION

18.2 STRUCTURE OF PART 4

18.3 PROFESSIONAL DESIGN APPROACH

Chapter 19: Design of weirs and spillways

19.1 Introduction

19.2 CREST DESIGN

19.3 CHUTE DESIGN

19.4 STILLING BASINS AND ENERGY DISSIPATORS

19.5 DESIGN PROCEDURE

19.6 EXERCISES

Chapter 20: Design of drop structures and stepped cascades

20.1 INTRODUCTION

20.2 DROP STRUCTURES

20.3 NAPPE FLOW ON STEPPED CASCADES

20.4 EXERCISES

Chapter 21: Culvert design

21.1 INTRODUCTION

21.2 BASIC FEATURES OF A CULVERT

21.3 DESIGN OF STANDARD CULVERTS

21.4 DESIGN OF MEL CULVERTS

21.5 EXERCISES

Part 4: Revision exercises

REVISION EXERCISE NO. 1

REVISION EXERCISE NO. 2 (HYDRAULIC DESIGN OF A NEW GOLD CREEK DAM SPILLWAY)

REVISION EXERCISE NO. 3 (HYDRAULIC DESIGN OF THE NUDGEE ROAD BRIDGE WATERWAY)

REVISION EXERCISE NO. 4

A4.1 SPILLWAY CHUTE FLOW CALCULATIONS

A4.2 EXAMPLES OF MINIMUM ENERGY LOSS WEIRS

A4.3 EXAMPLES OF MINIMUM ENERGY LOSS CULVERTS AND WATERWAYS

A4.4 COMPUTER CALCULATIONS OF STANDARD CULVERT HYDRAULICS

References

Additional bibliography

Problems

P1: A study of the Marib dam and its sluice system (BC 115 to AD 575)

P2: A study of the Moeris reservoir, the Ha-Uar dam and the canal connecting the Nile River and Lake Moeris around BC 2900 to BC 230

P3: A study of the Moche river irrigation systems (Peru AD 200â€“1532)

P4: Hydraulics of the NÃ®mes aqueduct

Suggestion/correction form

Author index

Subject index

## Details

- No. of pages:
- 650

- Language:
- English

- Copyright:
- © Butterworth-Heinemann 2004

- Published:
- 25th May 2004

- Imprint:
- Butterworth-Heinemann

- eBook ISBN:
- 9780080472973

- Paperback ISBN:
- 9780750659789

## About the Author

### Hubert Chanson

Hubert Chanson is a reader in fluid mechanics, hydraulics and waterengineering at the University of Queensland, Australia. His research interests include hydraulic engneering, design of hydraulic structures, two-phase gas-liquid flows, mixing and dispersion in coastal and estuarine zones. He has had over 200 international refereed papers, written 7 books and has been an active consultant for both governmental agencies and private organizations.

### Affiliations and Expertise

The University of Queensland, Australia

## Reviews

"This practical and comprehensive textbook covers all aspects of unconstrained water channels such as rivers, wetlands, and canals that have a surface interacting with the atmosphere. The basic principles of fluid mechanics are discussed, and readers later encounter concepts of sediment transport and hydraulic modelling. The concluding chapter introduces the design of hydraulic structures." – Environmental Science and Technology "One special feature of this book is that the author provides numerous worked examples, review questions, and interesting historical notes, as well as a number of ideas that are useful to students and might also spark their interest in the subject. Towards the end of the book is a interesting presentation of several historically important projects. Reading through the book, one cannot miss the tremendous enthusiasm the author has for hydraulic engineering. This book will be useful for undergraduate students and I would recommend it to them. I also think that graduate students and practical engineers will benefit by studying this book." Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering