High Temperature Oxidation and Corrosion of Metals

1st Edition

Authors: David Young David Young
Hardcover ISBN: 9780080445878
eBook ISBN: 9780080559414
Imprint: Elsevier Science
Published Date: 6th August 2008
Page Count: 592
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Description

This book is concerned with providing a fundamental basis for understanding the alloy-gas oxidation and corrosion reactions observed in practice and in the laboratory. Starting with a review of the enabling thermodynamic and kinetic theory, it analyzes reacting systems of increasing complexity. It considers in turn corrosion of a pure metal by a single oxidant and by multi-oxidant gases, followed by corrosion of alloys producing a single oxide then multiple reaction products. The concept of “diffusion paths” is used in describing the distribution of products in reacting systems, and diffusion data is used to predict reaction rates whenever possible.

Key Features

  • Provides a logical and expert treatment of the subject for use as a guide for advanced-level academics, researchers and practitioners
  • Text is well supported by numerous micrographs, phase diagrams and tabulations of relevant thermodynamic and kinetic data
  • Combines physical chemistry and materials science methodologies

Readership

Upper-level undergraduate and graduate students, professionals, researchers and consultants in the field of high temperature corrosion resistance

Table of Contents

Preface
Abbreviations and Acronyms
Glossary of Symbols

1. THE NATURE OF HIGH TEMPERATURE OXIDATION
1.1 Metal Loss due to the Scaling of Steel
1.2 Heating Elements
1.3 Protecting Turbine Engine Components
1.4 Hydrocarbon Cracking Furnaces
1.5 Prediction and Measurement
Oxidation Rates
1.6 Rate Equations
Linear Kinetics
Diffusion Controlled Processes and Parabolic Kinetics
Diffusion and Phase Boundary Processes Combined
Volatilisation
Thin Oxide Film Growth
1.7 Reaction Morphology: Specimen Examination
1.8 Summary
References

2. ENABLING THEORY
2.1 Chemical Thermodynamics
Chemical Potential and Composition
Chemical Equilibrium in Gas Mixtures
2.2 Chemical Equilibria between Solids and Gases
Chemical Equilibria Involving Multiple Solids
Gases Containing Two Reactants
2.3 Alloys and Solid Solutions
Dissolution of Gases in Metals
2.4 Chemical Equilibria Between Alloys and Gases
Equilibria between Alloys and a Single Oxide
Equilibria between Alloys and Multiple Oxides
2.5 Thermodynamics of Diffusion
Driving Forces
Point Defects
2.6 Absolute Rate Theory Applied to Lattice Particle Diffusion
2.7 Diffusion in Alloys
Origins of Cross Effects
Kirkendall Effect
Diffusion Data for Alloys
2.8 Diffusion Couples and the Measurement of Diffusion Coefficients
2.9 Interfacial Processes and Gas Phase Mass Transfer
Gas Adsorption<BR id=""CRLF

Details

No. of pages:
592
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Elsevier Science 2008
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier Science
eBook ISBN:
9780080559414
Hardcover ISBN:
9780080445878

About the Author

David Young

David Young was educated at the University of Melbourne then worked in Canada for 9 years (University of Toronto, McMaster University, National Research Council of Canada) on high temperature metal-gas reactions. Returning to Australia, he worked for BHP Steel Research then joined the University of New South Wales. There he led the School of Materials Science & Engineering for 15 years, and has carried out extensive work on high temperature corrosion in mixed gas atmospheres. His work has led to over 350 publications, including the books Diffusion in the Condensed State (with J.S. Kirkaldy), Institute of Metals (1988) and High Temperature Oxidation and Corrosion of Metals, 1st ed., Elsevier (2008). It has been recognized by his election to the Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering, the U. R. Evans Award, Institute of Corrosion Science & Technology, UK, the High Temperature Materials Outstanding Achievement Award, Electrochemical Society, USA and election as Fellow, Electrochemical Society.

Affiliations and Expertise

David John Young School of Materials Science and Engineering University of New South Wales New South Wales, Australia

David Young

David Young was educated at the University of Melbourne then worked in Canada for 9 years (University of Toronto, McMaster University, National Research Council of Canada) on high temperature metal-gas reactions. Returning to Australia, he worked for BHP Steel Research then joined the University of New South Wales. There he led the School of Materials Science & Engineering for 15 years, and has carried out extensive work on high temperature corrosion in mixed gas atmospheres. His work has led to over 350 publications, including the books Diffusion in the Condensed State (with J.S. Kirkaldy), Institute of Metals (1988) and High Temperature Oxidation and Corrosion of Metals, 1st ed., Elsevier (2008). It has been recognized by his election to the Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering, the U. R. Evans Award, Institute of Corrosion Science & Technology, UK, the High Temperature Materials Outstanding Achievement Award, Electrochemical Society, USA and election as Fellow, Electrochemical Society.

Affiliations and Expertise

David John Young School of Materials Science and Engineering University of New South Wales New South Wales, Australia

Reviews

"A constant theme in the book is the use of theory to predict or at least rationalize experimental measurements. This emphasis on quantitative calculation is a real strength, adding significantly to the book’s value. Although written and structured as a text book, High Temperature Corrosion and Oxidation of Metals develops its analysis to the level of a research monograph. Thus the book will be of value to both graduate students and established researchers in the field. Quite simply, this outstanding book is an essential reference for anyone involved in scientific aspects associated with high temperature corrosion." -- Oxidation of Metals