Groundwater Ecology and Evolution

Groundwater Ecology and Evolution

2nd Edition - March 10, 2023

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  • Editors: Florian Malard, Christian Griebler, Sylvie Retaux
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128191194
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128191200

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Groundwater Ecology and Evolution, Second Edition is designed to meet a multitude of audience needs. The state of the art in the discipline is provided by the articulation of six sections. The first three sections successively carry the reader into the basic attributes of groundwater ecosystems (section 1), the drivers and patterns of biodiversity (section 2), and the roles of organisms in groundwater ecosystems (section 3). The next two sections are devoted to evolutionary processes driving the acquisition of subterranean biological traits (section 4) and the way these traits are differently expressed among groundwater organisms (section 5). Finally, section 6 shows how knowledge acquired among multiple research fields (sections 1 to 5) is used to manage groundwater biodiversity and ecosystem services in the face of future groundwater resource use scenarios. Emphasis on the coherence and prospects of the whole book is given in the introduction and conclusion.

Key Features

  • Provides a modern synthesis of research dedicated to the study of groundwater biodiversity and ecosystems
  • Bridges the gap between community ecology, evolution, and functional ecology, three research fields that have long been presented isolated from each other
  • Explains how this trans-disciplinary integration of research contributes to understanding and managing of groundwater ecosystem functions
  • Reveals the contribution of groundwater ecology and evolution in solving scientific questions well beyond the frontiers of groundwater systems


Graduate students, post-graduate students and academic researchers involved in the study of groundwater ecosystems. Audience working in several fields in biology, evolution and ecology, especially those fields in which groundwater ecosystems are excellent models to study general principles: in biology, the physiological mechanism for life in extreme environment; in evolution, the mechanisms of adaptation to a novel environment; and in ecology, the functional role of biodiversity on fluxes of matter and energy at sedimentary interfaces

Table of Contents

  • Section 1: Setting the scene: groundwater as ecosystems
    1. Hydrodynamics and geomorphology of groundwater environments
    2. Classifying groundwater ecosystems
    3. Physical and biogeochemical processes of hyporheic exchange in alluvial rivers
    4. Ecological and evolutionary jargon in subterranean biology

    Section 2: Drivers and patterns of groundwater biodiversity
    5. Groundwater biodiversity and constraints to biological distribution
    6. Patterns and determinants of richness and composition of the groundwater fauna
    7. Phylogenies reveal speciation dynamics: case studies from groundwater
    8. Dispersal and geographic range size in groundwater

    Section 3: Roles of organisms in groundwater
    9. Microbial diversity and processes in groundwater
    10. Groundwater food webs
    11. Role of invertebrates in ecosystem processes and services

    Section 4: Principles of evolution in groundwater
    12. Voices from the underground: animal models for the study of trait evolution during groundwater colonization and adaptation
    13. Ecological and evolutionary perspectives on groundwater colonization by the amphibian Proteus anguinus
    14. The Asellus aquaticus species complex: an invertebrate model in subterranean evolution
    15. Developmental and genetic basis of troglomorphic traits in the teleost fish Astyanax mexicanus
    16. Ecological and evolutionary perspectives on groundwater colonization by the amphipod crustacean Gammarus minus
    17. Evolutionary genomics and transcriptomics in groundwater animals

    Section 5: Biological traits in groundwater
    18. Dissolving morphological and behavioral traits of groundwater animals into a functional phenotype
    19. Life histories in groundwater organisms
    20. Physiological tolerance and ecotoxicological constrains of groundwater fauna

    Section 6: Section 6: Biodiversity and ecosystem management in groundwater
    21. Global groundwater in the Anthropocene
    22. Assessing groundwater ecosystem health, status and services
    23. Recent concepts and approaches for conserving groundwater biodiversity
    24. Existing framework for the conservation of groundwater biodiversity and ecosystem services

Product details

  • No. of pages: 640
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2023
  • Published: March 10, 2023
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128191194
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128191200

About the Editors

Florian Malard

Florian Malard works at CNRS (French National Centre for Scientific Research) and University Claude Bernard Lyon 1, France. Dr Florian Malard is a groundwater evolutionary ecologist. Over the last ten years, his research focus has been on understanding patterns of groundwater biodiversity at regional to continental scales. He has led the “Ecology, Evolution and Groundwater Ecosystems” research group, formerly headed by Professor Janine Gibert, the lead editor of the first edition of the Groundwater Ecology book published in 1994.

Affiliations and Expertise

UMR CNRS 5023, Claude Bernard University Lyon 1, France

Christian Griebler

Christian Griebler works at the University of Vienna, Austria. Dr Christian Griebler is a functional ecologist with a broad research interest stretching from the roles of microorganisms to metazoans in groundwater ecosystems. Rooted in aquatic microbial ecology and biogeochemistry, his research group tackles groundwater biodiversity, cycling of carbon and nutrients, effects of climate and global change, as well as the assessment of groundwater systems in terms of ecological status.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Vienna, Austria.

Sylvie Retaux

Sylvie Rétaux works at CNRS and University Paris-Saclay, France. Dr Sylvie Rétaux is a neuroscientist and developmental biologist whose interests have shifted to evolutionary biology about 20 years ago. Her laboratory works on ecological evolutionary developmental biology of a cave-dwelling organism, the blind cavefish Astyanax mexicanus. Using an integrated approach combining embryology, neuroscience, behavior, and population genetics, she aims at discovering the mechanisms of adaptation to life in the dark.

Affiliations and Expertise

Research Director, CNRS, France

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