Groundwater Ecology and Evolution

Groundwater Ecology and Evolution

2nd Edition - January 1, 2023

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  • Editors: Florian Malard, Christian Griebler, Sylvie Retaux
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128191194

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Description

Groundwater Ecology and Evolution, Second Edition covers the basic attributes of groundwater ecosystems, the processes shaping patterns of species diversity, the evolutionary forces driving the acquisition of subterranean biological traits, the way these traits are differently expressed among groundwater organisms, and the role of organisms in maintaining biogeochemical processes. Final sections show how knowledge acquired among multiple research fields (sections 1 to 5) is used to manage groundwater biodiversity and ecosystem services in the face of future groundwater resource use scenarios. Emphasis on the coherence and prospects of the whole discipline is made in an introduction and in conclusions of the book.This book is primarily intended for an audience of graduate students, post-graduate students and academic researchers involved in the study of groundwater ecosystems.

Key Features

  • Provides a modern synthesis of research dedicated to the study of groundwater ecosystems
  • Bridges the gap between community ecology, evolution and functional ecology, three research fields that have long been presented in isolation
  • Explains how the trans-disciplinarily integration of research contributes to understanding and managing groundwater ecosystem functionality
  • Reveals the contribution of groundwater ecology and evolution in solving scientific questions well beyond the frontiers of groundwater systems

Readership

Graduate students, post-graduate students and academic researchers involved in the study of groundwater ecosystems. Audience working in several fields in biology, evolution and ecology, especially those fields in which groundwater ecosystems are excellent models to study general principles: in biology, the physiological mechanism for life in extreme environment; in evolution, the mechanisms of adaptation to a novel environment; and in ecology, the functional role of biodiversity on fluxes of matter and energy at sedimentary interfaces

Table of Contents

  • Section 1: Setting the scene: groundwater as ecosystems
    1. Hydrodynamics and geomorphology of groundwater environments
    2. Groundwater biodiversity and constraints to biological distribution
    3. Functional habitat classification

    Section 2: Diversification and dispersal in groundwater
    4. Models and tools for the study of diversification in groundwater
    5. Diversity patterns from global to regional scales
    6. Phylogenies reveal diversification dynamics
    7. Dispersal in groundwater

    Section 3: Principles of evolution during groundwater colonization
    8. Models and tools for the study of trait evolution during colonization of groundwater
    9. Developmental and genetic basis of troglomorphic traits in the teleost fish Astyanax mexicanus
    10. Developmental and genetic basis of troglomorphic traits in the isopod crustacean Asellus aquaticus
    11. Genomics and transcriptomics of groundwater colonization

    Section 4: Functional trait ecology in groundwater
    12. Models and tools for the study of biological traits in groundwater organisms
    13. Habitat specialization in groundwater
    14. Trophic specialization
    15. Physiological tolerance among groundwater organisms

    Section 5: Role of groundwater organisms in biogeochemical cycles
    16. Models and tools for studying the role of groundwater organisms
    17. Microbial diversity and processes in groundwater
    18. Groundwater food webs
    19. Role of organisms in ecosystem processes and services

    Section 6: Biodiversity conservation and management of groundwater ecosystems
    20. Existing framework for the conservation of groundwater biodiversity and ecosystem services
    21. Predictive scenarios of groundwater resources and uses
    22. New concepts for conserving groundwater biodiversity
    23. Assessing groundwater ecosystem health, status and services
    24. Environmental biotechnology and water management: niches for groundwater ecology

Product details

  • No. of pages: 510
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2023
  • Published: January 1, 2023
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128191194

About the Editors

Florian Malard

Dr Florian Malard’s early scientific emphasis was on the role of environmental factors in shaping the diversity of local communities, more especially the influence of surface / groundwater interactions in shaping the composition of groundwater communities. Dr Malard addressed this topic in a variety of habitats including karst and porous groundwater and the hyporheic zone of streams in contrasted environments ranging from the high alpine zone to urban environment. Meantime, Dr, Malard developed a number of research on the influence of groundwater human use on the function of groundwater ecosystems and the role of organisms in maintaining ecosystem processes such as the cycling of organic matter. Over the last 20 years, Dr Malard has been working at the interface between ecology and evolution for understanding the determinants of large-scale biodiversity patterns using concepts and tools from macroecology, phylogeography and statistical ecology. Although his preferred study object remains groundwater organisms (especially the Aselloidea, Isopoda), Dr. Malard’s emphasis is on using this object to solve scientific questions going well beyond the frontiers of groundwater systems. He presently leads a research group entitled “Ecology, Evolution and groundwater Ecosystems” which aims to understand how eco-evolutionary processes shape the range of possible functional processes played by organisms. Dr Malard has contributed to 125 publications, including 75 peer reviewed articles and 15 book chapters.

Affiliations and Expertise

UMR CNRS 5023, Claude Bernard University Lyon 1, France

Christian Griebler

Christian Griebler is the Acting Director of the Institute of Groundwater Ecology (IGOE), Helmholtz Center Munich

Affiliations and Expertise

Acting Director, Institute of Groundwater Ecology (IGOE), Helmholtz Center Munich, Germany

Sylvie Retaux

Dr Sylvie Rétaux is a neuroscientist and developmental biologist whose interests have shifted to evolutionary biology about 20 years ago. Her lab works on eco-evo-devo of a cave-dwelling organism, the blind cavefish Astyanax mexicanus. Using an integrated approach combining embryology, neuroscience and behavior, genetics and population genetics associated to field work, she aims at discovering the mechanisms of adaptation to life in the dark. She has published 73 journal articles and contributed a number of book chapters.

Affiliations and Expertise

Research Director, CNRS, France

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