Evolution of The Brain and Intelligence

Evolution of The Brain and Intelligence

1st Edition - January 1, 1973

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  • Author: Harry Jerison
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323141086

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Description

Evolution of the Brain and Intelligence covers the general principles of behavior and brain function. The book is divided into four parts encompassing 17 chapters that emphasize the implications of the history of the brain for the evolution of behavior in vertebrates. The introductory chapter covers the studies of animal behavior and their implications about the nature of the animal’s world. The following chapters emphasize methodological issues and the meanings of brain indices and brain size, as well as the general anatomy of the brain. Other chapters discuss the history of the brain in the major vertebrate groups that were known about 300 million years ago to determine the fate of these early vertebrate groups. Discussions on broad trends in evolution and their implications for the evolution of intelligence are also included. Substantive matter on the brains, bodies, and associated mechanisms of behavior of vertebrates are covered in the remaining chapters of the book, with an emphasis on evolution “above the species level”. This book is of value to anthropologists, behavioral scientists, zoologists, paleontologists, and neurosciences students.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    Acknowledgments

    Part I. The Approach

    Chapter 1. Brain, Behavior, and the Evolution of Mind

    The Evolutionary Approach

    Principles of Brain Function and Evolution

    Biological Intelligence

    Chapter 2. Evidence, Background, and Methods

    Fossil Brains

    Vertebrate History

    Measuring the Evolution of the Brain

    Chapter 3. Gross Brain Indices and the Meaning of Brain Size

    Gross Brain Indices

    The Meaning of Brain Size

    Gross Brain Size and Brain Functions

    Chapter 4. Beginnings: Habits and Brains

    The First Vertebrates

    The Generalized Vertebrate Brain: A Primer for Endocasts

    Part II. The Basic Vertebrate Radiation

    Chapter 5. The Lower Vertebrates: Fish

    Brains and Bodies of Fish

    Brain Evolution in Living Classes of Fish

    Potential for Life on Land

    Conclusions

    Chapter 6. Invasion of the Land: The First Tetrapods

    Adaptive Radiation

    Brains and Bodies of Amphibians

    Conclusions

    Chapter 7. The Radiation of the Reptiles

    Evolutionary History

    Relative Brain Size in Dinosaurs

    The Mammal-like Reptiles

    Conclusions

    Chapter 8. Flying Reptiles and Aerial Niches

    The Control of Flight

    Flying Reptiles

    Conclusions

    Part III. Brain Enlargement and the Basic Vertebrate Radiation

    Chapter 9. Evolution of the Brain in Birds

    Evolutionary Background

    Brain and Body in Archaeopteryx

    Cretaceous and Cenozoic Birds

    Brains for Aerial Niches

    Chapter 10. Mammalian Brains for Mesozoic

    Relative Brain Size

    Evolutionary Implications

    Chapter 11. Archaic Tertiary Mammals and Their Brains

    Evolutionary Background

    Relative Brain Size

    Forebrain, Hindbrain, and Olfactory Bulbs

    Conclusions

    Chapter 12. Basic Selection Pressures for Enlarged Brains

    Mammalian Trends and Nocturnal Adaptive Zones

    Avian Trends and Adaptive Zones

    Part IV. Progressive Evolution of the Brain

    Chapter 13. Progressive Tertiary Evolution: Ungulates and Carnivores

    Evolutionary History

    Brain Morphology

    Relative Brain Size

    Conclusions

    Chapter 14. Neotropical Herbivores: An Evolutionary Experiment

    Evolutionary Background

    The Experiment

    Experimental Conclusions

    Chapter 15. Special Topics

    Evolutionary Trends

    Lessons from the Pleistocene

    Chapter 16. The Primates and Man

    Evolutionary Background

    Relative Brain Size in Prosimians

    Relative Brain Size in Anthropoids

    Enlarged Brains in Primates: Selection Pressures

    Chapter 17. The Significance of the Progressive Enlargement of the Brain

    Theoretical Background

    Selection Pressures toward Enlarged Brains

    Hominids and the Human Brain

    The Work of the Hominid Brain

    Conclusions

    Bibliography

    Appendix I. Wirz's Analysis of Relative Size of Parts of the Brain

    Appendix II. Statistical Tests on Mammalian Data

    Appendix III. Foramen Magnum, the Size Factor, and Brain Size

    Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 496
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1973
  • Published: January 1, 1973
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323141086

About the Author

Harry Jerison

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