Engineering Fracture Design

Engineering Fracture Design

1st Edition - January 1, 1969

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  • Editor: H. Liebowitz
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483273280

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Fracture: An Advanced Treatise, Volume IV: Engineering Fracture Design presents the development and status of knowledge on sudden, catastrophic failure of structures due to unexpected brittle fracture of component materials. This book provides information pertinent to the engineering fracture design as well as the microscopic and macroscopic fundamentals of fracture. Organized into eight chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the evaluation of fracture tests. This text then presents an analysis of temperature effects on fracture. Other chapters consider the fracture and carrying capacity of long, slender columns and related topics. This book discusses as well the problems in connection with columns, beams, and plates, and experimental evidence to support theories proposed for describing the strength and stiffness of these elements. The final chapter presents an analysis of the problem of brittle fracture in weldments. This book is a valuable resource for engineers, students, and research workers in industrial organizations, education and research institutions, and various government agencies.

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors


    Chapter 1. Evaluation of Fracture Tests and Specimen Preparation

    I. Introduction

    II. Some Test Methods and Typical Data

    III. Welding Procedures, Residual Stress, and Flaws

    IV. Selection of Test Specimen and Instrumentation

    V. Interpretation of Results

    VI. Recommended Research

    VII. Summary


    Chapter 2. Plane Strain Fracture Toughness

    I. Introduction: Concept of KIc

    II. Procedure for Determination of KIc

    III. Some Experimental Results

    IV. Summary and Recommended Research

    Appendix A: Details of KIc Test Practice with Bend Specimens

    Appendix B: Stress-Intensity Factors and Load-Displacement Slope Factors for Various Specimens



    Chapter 3. Temperature Effects on Fracture

    I. Introduction

    II. Temperature Dependence

    III. Early Fracture Criteria

    IV. Qualitative Evaluations

    V. Some Noteworthy Results

    VI. Recommended Research

    VII. Summary



    Chapter 4. Fracture and Carrying Capacity of Notched Columns

    I. Introduction

    II. Test Equipment and Procedure for Testing of Columns

    III. Test Equipment for Photoelastic Investigation of Stress-Concentration Factors

    IV. Theoretical Considerations

    V. Discussion of Results for Critical Load

    VI. Fracture of Columns

    VII. Discussion of Fracture Results

    VIII. Some Stress-Concentration Factors

    IX. Discussion of Stress-Concentration Results

    X. Recommended Research

    XI. Summary

    Appendix A. Unnotched Beam Column Loaded Concentrically

    Appendix B. Unnotched Beam Column Loaded Eccentrically

    Appendix C. Stress-Intensity Factors for Beam Columns Having Deep Cracks



    Chapter 5. Prestressed Brittle Structures

    I. Introduction

    II. Prestressed and Segmented Beams

    III. Prestressed Monolithic Beams

    IV. Segmented Columns

    V. Prestressed Plates

    VI. Recommended Research

    VII. Summary

    Appendix A. Segmented Beams with Arbitrary Cross Sections and Multiple Tendons

    Appendix B. Eccentrically Loaded Segmented Beam Columns



    Chapter 6. Design of Attachments and Connections with Brittle Materials

    I. Introduction

    II. Design Considerations

    III. Representative Attachment Configurations

    IV. Analytical Procedures

    V. Experimental Results

    VI. Recommended Research

    VII. Summary and Conclusions



    Chapter 7. Effects of Residual Stress on Brittle Fracture

    I. Introduction

    II. Welding Residual Stresses

    III. Residual Stress Effects on Brittle Fracture in Welded Structures

    IV. Analysis of Residual Stress Effects in Notched and Welded Wide Plates by Fracture Mechanics

    V. Separation of Residual Stress and Metallurgical Damage Effects at Crack Initiation

    VI. Function and Conduct of Stress Relief Treatments

    VII. Recommended Research

    VIII. Summary



    Chapter 8. Brittle Fracture in Weldments

    I. Introduction

    II. Phenomenological Aspects of Brittle Fracture in Weldments

    III. Materials and Weldments

    IV. Embrittlement in Weldments

    V. Fabrication of Weldments

    VI. Loading and Environment

    VII. Designing Against Brittle Fracture

    VIII. Recommended Research

    IX. Summary


    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 472
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1969
  • Published: January 1, 1969
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483273280

About the Editor

H. Liebowitz

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