Concentrating Solar Power Technology

Concentrating Solar Power Technology

Principles, Developments and Applications

1st Edition - October 19, 2012

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  • Editors: Keith Lovegrove, Wes Stein
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857096173

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Description

Concentrating solar power (CSP) technology is poised to take its place as one of the major contributors to the future clean energy mix. Using straightforward manufacturing processes, CSP technology capitalises on conventional power generation cycles, whilst cost effectively matching supply and demand though the integration of thermal energy storage. Concentrating solar power technology provides a comprehensive review of this exciting technology, from the fundamental science to systems design, development and applications.Part one introduces fundamental principles of concentrating solar power systems. Site selection and feasibility analysis are discussed, alongside socio-economic and environmental assessments. Part two focuses on technologies including linear Fresnel reflector technology, parabolic-trough, central tower and parabolic dish concentrating solar power systems, and concentrating photovoltaic systems. Thermal energy storage, hybridization with fossil fuel power plants and the long-term market potential of CSP technology are explored. Part three goes on to discuss optimisation, improvements and applications. Topics discussed include absorber materials for solar thermal receivers, design optimisation through integrated techno-economic modelling, heliostat size optimisation, heat flux and temperature measurement technologies, concentrating solar heating and cooling for industrial processes, and solar fuels and industrial solar chemistry.With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Concentrating solar power technology is an essential guide for all those involved or interested in the design, production, development, optimisation and application of CSP technology, including renewable energy engineers and consultants, environmental governmental departments, solar thermal equipment manufacturers, researchers and academics.

Key Features

  • Provides a comprehensive review of concentrating solar power (CSP) technology, from the fundamental science to systems design, development and applications
  • Reviews fundamental principles of concentrating solar power systems, including site selection and feasibility analysis and socio-economic and environmental assessments
  • Provides an overview of technologies such as linear Fresnel reflector technology, parabolic-trough, central tower and parabolic dish concentrating solar power systems, and concentrating photovoltaic systems

Readership

Students, researchers, and all those involved solar thermal and other associated plant and components, from development to operation

Table of Contents

  • Contributor contact details and author biographies

    Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy

    Foreword

    Part I: Introduction

    Chapter 1: Introduction to concentrating solar power (CSP) technology

    Abstract:

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 Approaches to concentrating solar power (CSP)

    1.3 Future growth, cost and value

    1.4 Organization of this book

    Chapter 2: Fundamental principles of concentrating solar power (CSP) systems

    Abstract:

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Concentrating optics

    2.3 Limits on concentration

    2.4 Focal region flux distributions

    2.5 Losses from receivers

    2.6 Energy transport and storage

    2.7 Power cycles for concentrating solar power (CSP) systems

    2.8 Maximizing system efficiency

    2.9 Predicting overall system performance

    2.10 Economic analysis

    2.11 Conclusion

    Chapter 3: Solar resources for concentrating solar power (CSP) systems

    Abstract:

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Solar radiation characteristics and assessment of solar resources

    3.3 Measuring solar irradiance

    3.4 Deriving solar resources from satellite data

    3.5 Annual cycle of direct normal irradiance (DNI)

    3.6 Auxiliary meteorological parameters

    3.7 Recommendations for solar resource assessment for concentrating solar power (CSP) plants

    3.8 Summary and future trends

    Chapter 4: Site selection and feasibility analysis for concentrating solar power (CSP) systems

    Abstract:

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Overview of the process of site selection and feasibility analysis

    4.3 Main aspects considered during the pre-feasibility and feasibility phases

    4.4 Boundary conditions for a concentrating solar power (CSP) project

    4.5 Detailed analysis of a qualifying project location

    4.6 Summary and future trends

    Chapter 5: Socio-economic and environmental assessment of concentrating solar power (CSP) systems

    Abstract:

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Environmental assessment of concentrating solar power (CSP) systems

    5.3 Socio-economic impacts of concentrating solar power (CSP) systems

    5.4 Future trends

    5.4.2 Projections of socio-economic impacts

    5.5 Summary and conclusions

    Part II: Technology approaches and potential

    Chapter 6: Linear Fresnel reflector (LFR) technology

    Abstract:

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Historical background

    6.3 Areva Solar (formerly Ausra, Solar Heat and Power)

    6.4 Solar Power Group (formerly Solarmundo, Solel Europe)

    6.5 Industrial Solar (formerly Mirroxx, PSE)

    6.6 Novatec Solar (formerly Novatec-Biosol, Turmburg Anlagenbau)

    6.7 LFR receivers and thermal performance

    6.8 Future trends

    6.9 Conclusions

    Chapter 7: Parabolic-trough concentrating solar power (CSP) systems

    Abstract:

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Commercially available parabolic-trough collectors (PTCs)

    7.3 Existing parabolic-trough collector (PTC) solar thermal power plants

    7.4 Design of parabolic-trough concentrating solar power (CSP) systems

    7.5 Operation and maintenance (O&M) of parabolic-trough systems

    7.6 Thermal storage systems

    7.7 Future trends

    7.8 Conclusions

    Chapter 8: Central tower concentrating solar power (CSP) systems

    Abstract:

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 History of central receivers

    8.3 Activities since 2005

    8.4 Design and optimization of central receiver systems

    8.5 Heliostat factors

    8.6 Receiver considerations

    8.7 Variants on the basic central receiver system

    8.8 Field layout and land use

    8.9 Future trends

    8.11 Acknowledgements

    Chapter 9: Parabolic dish concentrating solar power (CSP) systems

    Abstract:

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Basic principles and historical development

    9.3 Current initiatives

    9.4 Energy conversion, power cycles and equipment

    9.5 System performance

    9.6 Optimization of manufacture

    9.7 Future trends

    9.8 Conclusion

    Chapter 10: Concentrating photovoltaic (CPV) systems and applications

    Abstract:

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Fundamental characteristics of concentrating photovoltaic (CPV) systems

    10.3 Characteristics of high concentration photovoltaic (HCPV) and low concentration photovoltaic (LCPV) devices and their applications

    10.4 Design of concentrating photovoltaic (CPV) systems

    10.5 Examples of concentrating photovoltaic (CPV) systems

    10.6 Future trends

    10.7 Conclusions

    Chapter 11: Thermal energy storage systems for concentrating solar power (CSP) plants

    Abstract:

    11.1 Introduction: relevance of energy storage for concentrating solar power (CSP)

    11.2 Sensible energy storage

    11.3 Latent heat storage concepts

    11.4 Chemical energy storage

    11.5 Selecting a storage system for a particular concentrating solar power (CSP) plant

    11.6 Future trends

    11.7 Conclusion

    11.8 Acknowledgement

    Chapter 12: Hybridization of concentrating solar power (CSP) with fossil fuel power plants

    Abstract:

    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Solar hybridization approaches

    12.3 Fossil boosting and backup of solar power plants

    12.4 Solar-aided coal-fired power plants

    12.5 Integrated solar combined cycle (ISCC) power plants

    12.6 Advanced hybridization systems

    12.7 Conclusions and future trends

    12.8 Acknowledgements

    Chapter 13: Integrating a Fresnel solar boiler into an existing coal-fired power plant: a case study

    Abstract:

    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Description of options considered as variables selected for the case study

    13.3 Assessment of the solar add-on concept

    13.4 Conclusions

    Chapter 14: The long-term market potential of concentrating solar power (CSP) systems

    Abstract:

    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Factors impacting the market penetration of concentrating solar power (CSP)

    14.3 Long-term concentrating solar power (CSP) market potential

    14.4 Summary and future trends

    14.5 Sources of further information and advice

    14.6 Acknowledgements

    Part III: Optimisation, improvements and applications

    Chapter 15: Absorber materials for solar thermal receivers in concentrating solar power (CSP) systems

    Abstract:

    15.1 Introduction

    15.2 Characterization of selective absorber surfaces

    15.3 Types of selective absorbers

    15.4 Degradation and lifetime

    15.5 Examples of receivers for linearly concentrating collectors

    15.6 Conclusion

    Chapter 16: Optimisation of concentrating solar power (CSP) plant designs through integrated techno-economic modelling

    Abstract:

    16.1 Introduction

    16.2 State-of-the-art in simulation and design of concentrating solar power (CSP) plants

    16.3 Multivariable optimisation of concentrating solar power (CSP) plants

    16.4 Case study definition: optimisation of a parabolic trough power plant with molten salt storage

    16.5 Case study results

    16.6 Discussion of case study results

    16.7 Conclusions and future trends

    16.8 Acknowledgements

    Chapter 17: Heliostat size optimization for central receiver solar power plants

    Abstract:

    17.1 Introduction

    17.2 Heliostat design issues and cost analysis

    17.3 Category 1: costs constant per unit area irrespective of heliostat size and number

    17.4 Category 2: size dependent costs

    17.5 Category 3: fixed costs for each heliostat and other costs

    17.6 Cost analysis as a function of area: the case of the 148 m2 Advanced Thermal Systems (ATS) glass/metal heliostat

    17.7 Additional considerations in analysis of cost as a function of area for the 148 m2 Advanced Thermal Systems (ATS) glass/metal heliostat

    17.8 Conclusion

    Chapter 18: Heat flux and temperature measurement technologies for concentrating solar power(CSP)

    Abstract:

    18.1 Introduction

    18.2 Heat flux measurement

    18.3 Flux mapping system case studies

    18.4 High temperature measurement

    18.5 Conclusions

    Chapter 19: Concentrating solar technologies for industrial process heat and cooling

    Abstract:

    19.1 Introduction

    19.2 Technology overview

    19.3 Components and system configuration

    19.4 Case studies

    19.5 Future trends and conclusion

    Chapter 20: Solar fuels and industrial solar chemistry

    Abstract:

    20.1 Introduction

    20.2 Solar chemistry

    20.3 Hydrogen production using solar energy

    20.4 Solar-thermochemical reactor designs

    20.5 Solar-derived fuels

    20.6 Other applications of industrial solar chemistry

    20.7 Conclusions

    20.8 Acknowledgements

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 704
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2012
  • Published: October 19, 2012
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857096173

About the Editors

Keith Lovegrove

Dr. Keith Lovegrove is the managing director of ITP Thermal Pty Ltd, which leads work on solar thermal and hydrogen energy systems within the ITP Energised group of companies. He has over 30 years of experience in renewable energy combined with 15 years of teaching experience in undergraduate and postgraduate courses in energy systems and systems engineering. He was previously the leader of the Solar Thermal Group at the Australian National University. In that role, he was the lead inventor and design and construction team leader of the 500m2 Generation II Big Dish solar concentrator, recognized with a Light Weight Structures Association of Australia, 2009 design award and a 2011 citation from the Institute of Engineers Australia ACT Engineering Excellence awards. Keith is currently a member of the University of Adelaide’s Centre for Energy Technology advisory board, the Australian Renewable Energy Agency’s Advisory Panel, the Australian Solar Thermal Energy Association board, and chair of the Australian Solar Thermal Research Institute steering committee.

Affiliations and Expertise

Managing Director, ITP Thermal Pty Ltd, ITP Energised Group, Canberra, Australia

Wes Stein

Wes Stein is a Chief Research Scientist for Solar Technologies at CSIRO. He has been active in CSP research for over 25 years and was instrumental in establishing the National Solar Energy Centre at CSIRO, including building Australia’s first solar tower. He is also a Chief Technologist for the Australian Solar Thermal Research Institute where he leads the development of strategies and technologies for the next generation of CSP. Prior to CSIRO, he worked in the power industry for 20 years in power station operation and design, as well as investigating and developing new energy technologies for utilities. Wes represents Australia on the International Energy Agency’s Solar PACES Executive Committee, the predominant CSP international body.

Affiliations and Expertise

Chief Research Scientist, Energy, CSIRO, Newcastle, NSW, Australia

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