Description

Comparative Plant Virology provides a complete overview of our current knowledge of plant viruses, including background information on plant viruses and up-to-date aspects of virus biology and control. It deals mainly with concepts rather than detail. The focus will be on plant viruses but due to the changing environment of how virology is taught, comparisons will be drawn with viruses of other kingdomes, animals, fungi and bacteria. It has been written for students of plant virology, plant pathology, virology and microbiology who have no previous knowledge of plant viruses or of virology in general.

Key Features

* Boxes highlight important information such as virus definition and taxonomy * Includes profiles of 32 plant viruses that feature extensively in the text * Companion website providing image bank * Full color throughout

Readership

Advanced undergraduate and graduate students in basic and applied plant virology, plant pathology, microbiology, genetics and molecular biology, biological control, ecology, evolution, and related aspects of plant science

Table of Contents

Section I: Introduction to Plant Viruses Chapter 1. What is a virus? I Introduction II History III Definition of a virus A How viruses differ from other plant pathogens B Are viruses alive? IV Classification and nomenclature of viruses A Virus classification B Families, genera and species C Naming of virus species D. Acronyms and abbreviations E Plant virus classification F Virus strains G Use of virus names V Viruses of other kingdoms VI Summary Chapter 2. Overview of plant viruses I. Introduction II Economic losses due to plant viruses III Virus profiles IV Macroscopic symptoms A. Local symptoms B. Systemic symptoms 1. Effects on plant size 2. Mosaic patterns and related symptoms 3. Yellows diseases 4. Leaf rolling 5 Ring spot diseases 6 Necrotic diseases 7. Developmental abnormalities 8 Wilting 9. Recovery from disease 10. Genetic effects C. The cryptoviruses D. Diseases caused by viral complexes E. Agents inducing virus-like symptoms V Histological changes A. Necrosis B. Hypoplasia C. Hyperplasia 1. Cells are larger than normal 2. Cell division in differentiated cells 3. Abnormal division in cambial cells VI Cytopathological effects A. Effects on cell structures 1. Nuclei 2. Mitochondria 3. Chloroplasts 4. Cell walls 5. Cell deat

Details

No. of pages:
400
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2009
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
Electronic ISBN:
9780080920962
Print ISBN:
9780123741547

About the author

Roger Hull

Roger Hull graduated in Botany from Cambridge University in 1960, and subsequently studied plant virus epidemiology at London University’s Wye College, gaining a PhD in 1964. He lectured on agricultural botany there between 1960 and 1965. He was seconded to Makerere University in Kampala, Uganda in 1964 where he taught, and learnt tropical agricultural botany and studied the epidemiology of groundnut rosette disease. By watching aphids land on groundnut plants he gained an understanding of the edge effect of spread of virus into the field. In 1965 Roger Hull joined Roy Markham at the ARC Virus Research Unit in Cambridge, UK where he worked on biophysical and biochemical characterization of a range of viruses, especially Alfalfa mosaic virus. This work continued when he moved to the John Innes Institute, Norwich with Roy Markham in 1968. There Dr Hull became a project leader and deputy head of the Virus Research Department. In 1974 he spent a sabbatical year with Bob Shepherd in the University of California, Davis where he worked on the characterization of cauliflower mosaic virus. There he was introduced to the early stages of molecular biology which changed the direction of his research. On returning to the John Innes Institute he applied a molecular biological approach to the study of cauliflower mosaic virus elucidating that it replicated by reverse transcription, the first plant virus being shown to do so. Involvement with the Rockefeller Rice Biotechnology Program reawakened his interest in tropical agricultural problems and he led a large group studying the viruses of the rice tungro disease complex. He also promoted the use of transgenic technology to the control of virus diseases and was in the forefront in discussing biosafety issues associated with this approach. Moving from rice to bananas (plantains) his group was among those who discovered that the genome of banana streak badnavirus was integrated into the host genome and in certain cultivars was act