Carbon Dots in Agricultural Systems

Carbon Dots in Agricultural Systems

Strategies to Enhance Plant Productivity

1st Edition - May 23, 2022

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  • Editors: Raju Khan, S. Murali, Satyabrat Gogoi
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323905770
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323902601

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Carbon Dots in Agricultural Systems integrates and crystallizes the emerging knowledge and application strategies of carbon dots as a powerful tool in agriculture systems. The book includes practical insights into the synthesis of carbon dots from indigenous raw materials and how to employ them in agriculture systems to increase crop productivity and provide renewable and cost-effective strategies that meet agricultural needs. Presented by an international team of experts, this resource updates on the latest in synthesis, physical, chemical and optical properties, along with the effects and mechanisms of carbon dots, all further explained in real-world studies. Finally, the book highlights emerging innovative topics which are of great relevance to scientists, academicians and innovators in agriculture (soil science, agricultural chemistry and agronomy) and biotechnology for further research and development.

Key Features

  • Encompasses the cost-effective novel synthesis of CDs from biomass materials, with a special emphasis on locally available agro-residues
  • Comprises nanotechnology-based approaches for applications in agricultural plant systems
  • Addresses the mechanism of carbon dots as activators of photosynthesis through their photoluminescent properties
  • Presents the output mechanism of carbon dots applications in agriculture with relevance to biomass and main crop yield


Scientists and academicians involved in the research and development (R & D) of agriculture, botany, chemistry, nanotechnology and biotechnology for knowledge base and future research. Further, this book would help the agro-industrialists for the R & D on carbon dots based plant growth enhancer

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • List of contributors
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgments
  • Chapter 1. Carbon dots—an overview
  • Abstract
  • 1.1 Introduction
  • 1.2 Synthesis techniques for carbon dots
  • 1.3 Challenges in the synthesis of carbon dots
  • 1.4 Properties of carbon dots
  • 1.5 Potential applications of carbon dots
  • 1.6 Uses of carbon dots in agriculture
  • 1.7 Conclusions and future perspectives
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 2. Current trends in carbon dots applications
  • Abstract
  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Biomedical applications
  • 2.3 Nanoforensics
  • 2.4 Energy storage and conversion
  • 2.5 Environmental and agricultural applications
  • 2.6 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 3. Overview of carbon dot synthesis
  • Abstract
  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Synthesis of carbon dots
  • 3.3 Modification of carbon dots
  • 3.4 Green synthesis
  • 3.5 Conclusions and outlook
  • References
  • Chapter 4. Synthesis of carbon dots from biomass resources
  • Abstract
  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 An overview of biomass sources used for CD synthesis
  • 4.3 Routes of synthesis
  • 4.4 Conclusion and future aspects
  • References
  • Chapter 5. Physical and chemical properties of carbon dots
  • Abstract
  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Properties of carbon dots
  • 5.3 Summary
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 6. Optical properties of carbon dots and their applications
  • Abstract
  • 6.1 Introduction
  • 6.2 Carbon dot structure
  • 6.3 Optical properties
  • 6.4 Mechanism
  • 6.5 Optical properties based applications of CDs
  • 6.6 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 7. Exemplary evidence of bio-nano crosstalk between carbon dots and plant systems
  • Abstract
  • 7.1 Introduction
  • 7.2 Synthesis, structure, and a few physicochemical characteristics of carbon dots
  • 7.3 Carbon dots uptake, translocation, and accumulation by plants
  • 7.4 Bio-nano cross-talks between carbon dots and plants
  • 7.5 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 8. Carbon dots in agricultural system
  • Abstract
  • 8.1 Introduction
  • 8.2 Exploration of water-soluble nanocarbon dots in agriculture
  • 8.3 Historical perspective
  • 8.4 Carbon dots—in transportation and assimilation of nutrients
  • 8.5 Role of carbon dots exploited to carry fertilizers in microdoses to mimic organic farming
  • 8.6 Use of fluorescent carbon dots to trace defects in plant systems and explore as drag carriers for remedial measures
  • 8.7 Future scope and the nontoxic use of such materials
  • 8.8 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 9. Comparative studies on carbon dots applications in plant systems
  • Abstract
  • 9.1 Introduction
  • 9.2 Carbon dots
  • 9.3 Application of carbon dots in agriculture
  • 9.4 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 10. Role of carbon dots in agricultural systems: biotechnology and nanotechnology approach
  • Abstract
  • 10.1 Introduction
  • 10.2 Agriculture produce and residues as carbon dots precursors: sustainable synthesis and waste management
  • 10.3 Bioimaging
  • 10.4 Biosensors
  • 10.5 Impact of carbon dots on plant systems
  • 10.6 Agricultural bioremediation
  • 10.7 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 11. Postharvest applications of carbon dots in agriculture: food safety
  • Abstract
  • 11.1 Introduction
  • 11.2 Properties of carbon dots for food safety applications
  • 11.3 Carbon dots as sensing platforms
  • 11.4 Evaluation of the nutritional value
  • 11.5 Carbon dots in food packaging
  • 11.6 Carbon dot in food preservation
  • 11.7 Current status and future challenges
  • References
  • Chapter 12. Future prospects of carbon dots application in agriculture
  • Abstract
  • 12.1 Introduction
  • 12.2 Synthesis of carbon dots
  • 12.3 Characteristics of carbon dots with reference to agricultural applications
  • 12.4 Mechanism and effect of carbon dots on plant systems
  • 12.5 Photosynthetic effect of carbon dots: effect on plant physiology and crop yields
  • 12.6 Future prospects and applications of carbon dots
  • 12.7 Safety aspect of carbon dots in agriculture systems
  • 12.8 Conclusions
  • References
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 310
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2022
  • Published: May 23, 2022
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323905770
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323902601

About the Editors

Raju Khan

Dr. Khan is currently working as Principal Scientist at Microfluidics & MEMS Centre, CSIR-Advanced Materials and Processes Research Institute (AMPRI), Bhopal - 462026, MP, India. His current research on Bio-molecular separation, including sample preparation and detection, Microchip based separation under the concept of lab-on-a-chip and electrochemical biosensor integrated with microfluidics clinical applications. He has more than 15 years of R&D experience in CSIR & other academics R&D Institutes such as in Analytical Chemistry Group, CSIR-NEIST, Jorhat, Assam, CSIR-NPL, New Delhi and CSIR-AMPRI, Bhopal Govt. of India, respectively. He received his MSc degree in Inorganic Chemistry and Ph.D. in Physical Chemistry from Jamia Millia Islamia, Central University, New Delhi, India, in 2002 & 2005, respectively. After that, he worked as a Postdoctoral Fellow at the “Sensor Research laboratory” Department of Chemistry, University of the Western Cape, Cape Town, South Africa, in the year 2005-06 and also worked as a Fast-Track Young Scientist at CSIR-National Physical Laboratory, New Delhi Govt. of India. Dr. Khan is involved in synthesizing novel materials to fabricate electrochemical biosensors to detect target disease risk biomarker for health care monitoring. Dr. Khan is also engaged in other external project funding by the National & International collaborative project, Indo-Czech Republic & Indo-Russia. He is awarded the reputed BOYSCAST fellowship under the BOYSCAST fellowship scheme from DST and worked as a visiting scientist for one year at the University of Texas at San Antonio, UTSA, USA. Since then, he has published more than 80 articles in SCI journals which attracted more than 2700 citations, published nine book chapters in the reputed book of Elsevier and Taylor Francis, and he has also edited five books of Elsevier and Taylor Francis.

Affiliations and Expertise

Principal Scientist at Microfluidics & MEMS Centre, CSIR-Advanced Materials and Processes Research Institute (AMPRI), Bhopal - 462026, MP, India.

S. Murali

Professor S. Murali is Senior Principal Scientist at CSIR AMPRI in Bhopal, India

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Principal Scientist, CSIR AMPRI, Bhopal, India

Satyabrat Gogoi

Assistant Professor at The Assam Kaziranga University Jorhat, India. He received his MSc degree in Organic Chemistry from Dibrugarh University and awarded PhD degree in Material Chemistry by Tezpur Central University. He received prestigious National Post-Doctoral Fellowship by SERB-DST, Govt. of India, and carried out his post-doctoral research at CSIR-North East Institute of Science and Technology, Jorhat, India. Dr. Gogoi’s research interest includes nanomaterial synthesis, characterization and their application. He has particular interest on carbonaceous nano-structures like carbon dot, graphene oxide, graphene quantum dots, carbon nanotube for their utility in the domain of sensing, environmental monitoring, bio-imaging, photo-catalysis and energy conversion.

Affiliations and Expertise

Assistant Professor, School of Basic Sciences, The Assam Kaziranga University, Jorhat, Assam, India

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