Analog Circuit Design Volume 2

Analog Circuit Design Volume 2

Immersion in the Black Art of Analog Design

1st Edition - December 26, 2012
  • Editors: Bob Dobkin, Jim Williams
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123979025
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780123978882

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Description

Analog circuit and system design today is more essential than ever before. With the growth of digital systems, wireless communications, complex industrial and automotive systems, designers are being challenged to develop sophisticated analog solutions. This comprehensive source book of circuit design solutions aids engineers with elegant and practical design techniques that focus on common analog challenges. The book’s in-depth application examples provide insight into circuit design and application solutions that you can apply in today’s demanding designs.

Key Features

  • This is the companion volume to the successful Analog Circuit Design: A Tutorial Guide to Applications and Solutions (October 2011), which has sold over 5000 copies in its the first 6 months of since publication. It extends the Linear Technology collection of application notes, which provides analog experts with a full collection of reference designs and problem solving insights to apply to their own engineering challenges
  • Full support package including online resources (LTSpice)
  • Contents include more application notes on power management, and data conversion and signal conditioning circuit solutions, plus an invaluable circuit collection of reference designs

Readership

Electronics engineers and designers; analog designers; engineering students; electronics hobbyists

Table of Contents

  • Dedication 1

    Dedication 2

    Publisher’s Note

    Trade marks

    Acknowledgments

    Introduction

    Why I Write

    Foreword

    PART 1: Power Management

    Section 1: Power Management Tutorials

    Section 1. Power Management Tutorials

    Performance enhancement techniques for three-terminal regulators (1)

    Load transient response testing for voltage regulators (2)

    A closed-loop, wideband, 100A active load (3)

    Chapter 1. Performance enhancement techniques for three-terminal regulators

    Chapter 2. Load transient response testing for voltage regulators: Practical considerations for testing and evaluating results

    Introduction

    Appendix A

    Appendix B

    Appendix C

    Appendix D

    References

    Chapter 3. A closed-loop, wideband, 100A active load: Brute force marries controlled speed

    Introduction

    Basic load transient generator

    Closed-loop load transient generator

    Detailed circuitry discussion

    Circuit testing

    Layout effects

    Regulator testing

    Appendix A

    Appendix B

    Appendix C

    References

    Section 2: Switching Regulator Design

    Section 2. Switching Regulator Design

    Some thoughts on DC/DC converters (4)

    Theoretical considerations for buck mode switching regulators (5)

    Chapter 4. Some thoughts on DC/DC converters

    Introduction

    5V to ±15V converter circuits

    Micropower quiescent current converters

    200mA output 1.5V to 5V converter

    High efficiency converters

    Wide range input converters

    High voltage converters

    Switched-capacitor based converters

    Appendix A

    Appendix B

    Appendix C

    Appendix D

    Appendix E

    Appendix F

    Appendix G

    Appendix h

    References

    Chapter 5. Theoritical considerations for buck mode switching regulators

    Introduction

    Absolute Maximum Ratings

    Package/order information

    Block Diagram Description

    Typical performance characteristics

    Pin Descriptions

    Ground Pin

    Feedback Pin

    Shutdown Pin

    Status Pin (Available Only On LT1176 Parts)

    ILIM PIN

    Error Amplifier

    Definition of Terms

    Positive Step-Down (Buck) Converter

    Tapped-Inductor Buck Converter

    Positive-To-Negative Converter

    Negative Boost Converter

    Inductor Selection

    Micropower Shutdown

    5-Pin Current Limit

    Soft-Start

    Output Filters

    Input Filters

    Oscilloscope Techniques

    EMI Suppression

    Troubleshooting Hints

    Section 3: Linear Regulator Design

    Section 3. Linear Regulator Design

    High efficiency linear regulators (6)

    Chapter 6. High efficiency linear regulators

    Introduction

    Regulation from stable inputs

    Regulation from unstable input—AC line derived case

    SCR pre-regulator

    DC input pre-regulator

    10A regulator with 400mV dropout

    Ultrahigh efficiency linear regulator

    Micropower pre-regulated linear regulator

    Appendix A

    Appendix B

    Appendix C

    References

    Section 4: High Voltage and High Current Applications

    Section 4. High Voltage and High Current Applications

    High voltage, low noise, DC/DC converters (7)

    Chapter 7. High voltage, low noise, DC/DC converters: A kilovolt with 100 microvolts of noise

    Introduction

    Resonant royer based converters

    Switched current source based resonant royer converters

    Low noise switching regulator driven resonant royer converters

    Controlled transition push-pull converters

    Flyback converters

    Summary of circuit characteristics

    Appendix A

    Appendix B

    Appendix c

    Appendix D

    Appendix e

    Appendix F

    Appendix G

    References

    Section 5: Powering Illumination Devices

    Section 5. Powering Illumination Devices

    A fourth generation of LCD backlight technology (8)

    Simple circuitry for cellular telephone/ camera flash illumination (9)

    Chapter 8. A fourth generation of LCD backlight technology: Component and measurement improvements refine performance

    Preface

    Introduction

    Perspectives on display efficiency

    Appendix A

    Appendix B

    Appendix C

    Appendix D

    Appendix E

    Appendix F

    Appendix G

    Appendix H

    Appendix I

    Appendix J

    Appendix K

    Appendix L

    References

    Chapter 9. Simple circuitry for cellular telephone/camera flash illumination: A practical guide for successfully implementing flashlamps

    Introduction

    Flash illumination alternatives

    Flashlamp basics

    Support circuitry

    Flash capacitor charger circuit considerations

    Detailed circuit discussion

    Lamp layout, RFI and related issues

    Appendix A

    References

    Section 6: Automotive and Industrial Power Design

    Section 6. Automotive and Industrial Power Design

    Extending the input voltage range of PowerPath circuits for automotive and industrial applications (10)

    Chapter 10. Extending the input voltage range of powerpath circuits for automotive and industrial applications

    Introduction

    Extending the voltage range

    Circuit for large negative input voltages

    Circuit for large positive input voltages

    Conclusion

    PART 2: Data Conversion, Signal Conditioning and High Frequency/RF

    Section 1: Data Conversion

    Section 1. Data Conversion

    Circuitry for single cell operation (11)

    Component and measurement advances ensure 16-bit DAC settling time (12)

    Fidelity testing for A→D converters (13)

    Chapter 11. Circuitry for single cell operation

    10kHz V→F converter

    10-bit A/D converter

    Sample-hold amplifier

    Fast sample-hold amplifier

    Temperature compensated crystal clock

    Voltage boosted output amplifier

    5V output switching regulator

    Chapter 12. Component and measurement advances ensure 16-bit DAC settling time: The art of timely accuracy

    Introduction

    DAC settling time

    Considerations for measuring DAC settling time

    Practical DAC settling time measurement

    Detailed settling time circuitry

    Using the sampling-based settling time circuit

    Compensation capacitor effects

    Verifying results—alternate methods

    Alternate method I—bootstrapped clamp

    Alternate method II—sampling oscilloscope

    Alternate method III—differential amplifier

    Thermally induced settling errors

    Appendix A

    Appendix B

    Appendix C

    Appendix D

    Appendix E

    Appendix F

    Appendix G

    Appendix H

    References

    Chapter 13. Fidelity testing for A→D converters

    Introduction

    Overview

    Oscillator circuitry

    Verifying oscillator distortion

    A→D testing

    Appendix A

    Section 2: Signal Conditioning

    Section 2. Signal Conditioning

    Applications for a new power buffer (14)

    Thermal techniques in measurement and control circuitry (15)

    Methods for measuring op amp settling time (16)

    High speed comparator techniques (17)

    Designs for high performance voltage- to-frequency converters (18)

    Unique IC buffer enhances op amp designs, tames fast amplifiers (19)

    Power gain stages for monolithic amplifiers (20)

    Composite amplifiers (21)

    A simple method of designing multiple order all pole bandpass filters by cascading 2nd order sections (22)

    FilterCAD user’s manual, version 1.10 (23)

    30 nanosecond settling time measurement for a precision wideband amplifier (24)

    Application and optimization of a 2GHz differential amplifier/ADC driver (25)

    2 nanosecond, 0.1% resolution settling time measurement for wideband amplifiers (26)

    An introduction to acoustic thermometry (27)

    Chapter 14. Applications for a new power buffer

    Buffered output line driver

    Fast, stabilized buffer amplifier

    Video line driving amplifier

    Fast, precision sample-hold circuit

    Motor speed control

    Fan-based temperature controller

    Chapter 15. Thermal techniques in measurement and control circuitry

    Temperature controller

    Thermally stabilized pin photodiode signal conditioner

    50MHz bandwidth thermal RMS→DC converter

    Low flow rate thermal flowmeter

    Thermally-based anemometer (air flowmeter)

    Low distortion, thermally stabilized Wien Bridge oscillator

    References

    Chapter 16. Methods of measuring op amp settling time

    References

    Chapter 17. High speed comparator techniques

    Introduction

    The LT1016—an overview

    The Rogue’s gallery of high speed comparator problems

    Oscilloscopes

    Applications section

    Fast track-and-hold circuit

    Appendix A

    Appendix B

    Appendix C

    Appendix D

    Appendix E

    References

    Chapter 18. Designs for high performance voltage-to-frequency converters

    Ultra-high speed 1hz to 100mhz v→f converter

    Fast response 1hz to 2.5Mhz v→f converter

    High stability quartz stabilized v→f converter

    Ultra-linear v→f converter

    Single cell v→f converter

    Sine wave output v→f converter

    1/X transfer function v→f converters

    Ex transfer function v→f converter

    →frequency converter

    References

    Chapter 19. Unique IC buffer enhances op amp designs, tames fast amplifiers

    Introduction

    Design concept

    Basic design

    Follower boost

    Charge storage PNP

    Isolation-base transistor

    Complete circuit

    Buffer performance

    Bandwidth

    Phase delay

    Step response

    Output impedance

    Capacitive loading

    Slew response

    Input offset voltage

    Input bias current

    Voltage gain

    Output resistance

    Output noise voltage

    Saturation voltage

    Supply current

    Total harmonic distortion

    Maximum power

    Short circuit characteristics

    Isolating capacitive loads

    Integrators

    Impulse integrator

    Parallel operation

    Wideband amplifiers

    Track and hold

    Bidirectional current sources

    Voltage regulator

    Voltage/current regulator

    Supply splitter

    Overload clamping

    Conclusions

    Appendix

    Chapter 20. Power gain stages for monolithic amplifiers

    150mA output stage

    High current booster

    UltraFast™ fed—forward current booster

    Simple voltage gain stages

    High current rail-to-rail output stage

    ±120V output stage

    Unipolar output, 1000V gain stage

    ±15V powered, bipolar output, voltage gain stage

    References

    Chapter 21. Composite amplifiers

    Chapter 22. A simple method of designing multiple order all pole bandpass filters by cascading 2nd order sections

    Introduction

    Designing bandpass filters

    Example 1—design

    Hardware implementation

    Designing bandpass filters—theory behind the design

    Cascading identical 2nd order bandpass sections

    Example 2—design

    Hardware implementation

    Mode 2 operation of ltc1060 family

    Cascading more than two identical 2nd order BP sections

    Using the tables

    Example 3—design

    Example 3—frequency response estimation

    Example 3—implementation

    Chapter 23. FilterCAD user’s manual, version 1.10

    What is filtercad?

    License agreement/disclaimer

    Filtercad download

    Hardware requirements

    What is a filter?

    Step one, the basic design

    Step two, graphing filter response

    Implementing the filter

    Saving your filter design

    Loading a filter design file

    Printing a report

    Quitting filtercad

    A Butterworth lowpass example

    A Chebyshev bandpass example

    Two elliptic examples

    A custom example

    Editing cascade order

    More practical examples

    Notches…the final frontier

    Appendix 1

    Appendix 2

    Chapter 24. 30 nanosecond settling time measurement for a precision wideband amplifier: Quantifying prompt certainty

    Introduction

    Settling time defined

    Considerations for measuring nanosecond region settling time

    Practical nanosecond settling time measurement

    Detailed settling time circuitry

    Using the sampling-based settling time circuit

    Compensation capacitor effects

    Verifying results—alternate method

    Summary and results

    Appendix A

    Appendix B

    Appendix C

    Appendix D

    Appendix E

    References

    Chapter 25. Application and optimization of a 2GHz differential amplifier/ADC driver

    Introduction

    Low distortion

    Low noise

    Gain and power options

    Input considerations

    Dynamic range and output networks

    Stability

    Layout considerations

    Conclusion

    Appendix A Terms and definitions

    Appendix B Sample noise calculations

    Appendix COptimizing noise performance by calculation of voltage and current noise correlation

    References

    Chapter 26. 2 nanosecond, 0.1% resolution settling time measurement for wideband amplifiers: Quantifying quick quiescence

    Introduction

    Settling time defined

    Considerations for measuring nanosecond region settling time

    Practical nanosecond settling time measurement

    Detailed settling time circuitry

    Using the sampling-based settling time circuit

    Verifying results—alternate method

    Summary of results and measurement limits

    Appendix A

    Appendix B

    Appendix C

    Appendix D

    Appendix E

    Appendix F

    Appendix G

    Appendix H

    References

    Chapter 27. An introduction to acoustic thermometry: An air filled olive jar teaches signal conditioning

    Introduction

    Acoustic thermometry

    Practical considerations

    Overview

    Detailed circuitry

    Appendix A

    Appendix B

    References

    Section 3: High Frequency/RF Design

    Section 3. High Frequency/RF Design

    Low noise varactor biasing with switching regulators (28)

    Low cost coupling methods for RF power detectors replace directional couplers (29)

    Improving the output accuracy over temperature for RMS power detectors (30)

    Chapter 28. Low noise varactor biasing with switching regulators: Vanquishing villainous vitiators vis-à-vis vital varactors

    Introduction

    Varactor biasing considerations

    Low noise switching regulator design

    Layout issues

    Level shifts

    Test circuit

    Noise performance

    Effects of poor measurement technique

    Frequency-domain performance

    Appendix A

    Zetex variable capacitance diodes

    Appendix B

    Appendix C

    References

    Chapter 29. Low cost coupling methods for RF power detectors replace directional couplers

    Introduction

    Chapter 30. Improving the output accuracy over temperature for RMS power detectors

    Introduction

    Ltc5583 temperature compensation design

    2nd Iteration calculation

    LTC5582 single detector

    Conclusion

    PART 3: Circuit Collections

    Part 3. Circuit Collections

    Circuit techniques for clock sources (31)

    Measurement and control circuit collection (32)

    Circuit collection, volume I (33)

    Video circuit collection (34)

    Practical circuitry for measurement and control problems (35)

    Circuit collection, volume III: data conversion, interface and signal processing (36)

    Part Three

    Circuit collection, volume V: data conversion, interface and signal conditioning products (38)

    Signal sources, conditioners and power circuitry (39)

    Current sense circuit collection (40)

    Power conversion, measurement and pulse circuits (41)

    Chapter 31. Circuit techniques for clock sources

    Noncrystal clock circuits

    Chapter 32. Measurement and control circuit collection: Diapers and designs on the night shift

    Introduction

    Low noise and drift chopped bipolar amplifier

    Low noise and drift-chopped FET amplifier

    Stabilized, wideband cable driving amplifier with low input capacitance

    Voltage programmable, ground referred current source

    5V Powered, fully floating 4mA to 20mA current loop transmitter

    Transistor ΔVBE based thermometer

    Micropower, cold junction compensated thermocouple-to-frequency converter

    Relative humidity signal conditioner

    Inexpensive precision electronic barometer

    1.5V Powered radiation detector

    9ppm Distortion, quartz stabilized oscillator

    1.5V Powered temperature compensated crystal oscillator

    90μA Precision voltage-to-frequency converter

    Bipolar (AC) input V-F converter

    1.5V Powered, 350ps rise time pulse generator

    A simple ultralow dropout regulator

    Cold cathode fluorescent lamp power supply

    References

    Chapter 33. Circuit collection, volume I

    Introduction

    A-to-D converters

    Interface

    Power

    Filters

    Miscellaneous circuits

    Chapter 34. Video circuit collection

    Introduction

    Video cable drivers

    Video processing circuits

    Multiplexer circuits

    Appendix A

    Appendix B

    Appendix C

    Conclusion

    Chapter 35. Practical circuitry for measurement and control problems: Circuits designed for a cruel and unyielding world

    Introduction

    Appendix A

    Appendix B

    References

    Chapter 36. Circuit collection, volume III: Data conversion, interface and signal processing

    Introduction

    Data conversion

    Interface

    Filters

    Instrumentation

    Noise generators for multiple uses

    Noise generators for multiple uses

    Video/op amps

    Miscellaneous circuits

    Chapter 37. Circuitry for signal conditioning and power conversion: Designs from a once lazy sabbatical

    Introduction

    Micropower voltage-to-frequency converters

    Micropower a/d converters

    10-bit, micropower a/d converter

    Differential input, 10mhz rms/dc converter

    Nanosecond coincidence detector

    15 nanosecond waveform sampler

    5.5μA powered, 0.05μv/°c chopped amplifier

    Pilot light flame detector with low-battery lockout

    Tip-acceleration detector for shipping containers

    32.768khz “watch crystal” oscillator

    Complementary output, 50% duty cycle crystal oscillator

    Nonoverlapping, complementary output crystal oscillator

    High power ccfl backlight inverter for desktop displays

    Ultralow noise power converters

    Low noise boost regulator

    Low noise bipolar supply

    Ultralow noise off-line power supply

    Appendix A

    Appendix B

    References

    Chapter 38. Circuit collection, volume V: Data conversion, interface and signal conditioning products

    Introduction

    Data converters

    Interface circuits

    Operational amplifiers/video amplifiers

    Telecommunications circuits

    Comparators

    Instrumentation circuits

    Filters

    Miscellaneous

    Chapter 39. Signal sources, conditioners and power circuitry

    Introduction

    Voltage controlled current source—ground referred input and output

    Stabilized oscillator for network telephone identification

    Micro-mirror display pulse generator

    Simple rise time and frequency reference

    850 picosecond rise time pulse generator with <1% pulse top aberrations

    20 picosecond rise time pulse generator

    Nanosecond pulse width generator

    Single rail powered amplifier with true zero volt output swing

    Milliohmmeter

    0.02% accurate instrumentation amplifier with 125vcm and 120db cmrr

    Wideband, low feedthrough, low level switch

    5V powered, 0.0015% linearity, quartz-stabilized v→f converter

    Basic flashlamp illumination circuit for cellular telephones/cameras

    0V to 300v output dc/dc converter

    Low ripple and noise 0v to 300v output dc/dc converter

    5V to 200v converter for apd bias

    Wide range, high power, high voltage regulator

    5V to 3.3V, 15a paralleled linear regulator

    Appendix A

    Appendix B

    References

    Chapter 40. Current sense circuit collection: Making sense of current

    Introduction

    Current sense basics

    Low side current sensing (Figure 40.1)

    High side current sensing (Figure 40.2)

    Full-range (high and low side) current sensing (Figure 40.3)

    High side

    Low side

    Negative voltage

    Monitor current in positive or negative supply lines (Figure 40.40)

    Unidirectional

    Bidirectional

    AC

    DC

    Level shifting

    High voltage

    Low voltage

    High current (100mA to Amps)

    Low current (picoamps to milliamps)

    Motors and inductive loads

    Batteries

    High speed

    Fast compact −48V current sense (Figure 40.149)

    Fault sensing

    Digitizing

    Current control

    Precision

    Wide range

    Chapter 41. Power conversion, measurement and pulse circuits: Tales from the laboratory notebook

    Introduction

    JFET-based dc/dc converter powered from 300mv supply

    Bipolar transistor-based 550mv input dc/dc converter

    5V to 200v converter for apd bias

    Battery internal resistance meter

    Floating output, variable potential battery simulator

    40nvp-p noise, 0.05μv/°c drift, chopped fet amplifier

    Wideband, chopper stabilized fet amplifier

    Submicroampere rms current measurement for quartz crystals

    Direct reading quartz crystal-based remote thermometer

    1Hz–100mhz v→f converter

    Delayed pulse generator with variable time phase, low jitter trigger output

    References

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 1268
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Newnes 2012
  • Published: December 26, 2012
  • Imprint: Newnes
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123979025
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780123978882

About the Editors

Bob Dobkin

Bob Dobkin
Bob Dobkin is a founder and Chief Technical Officer of Linear Technology Corporation. Prior to 1999, he was responsible for all new product development at Linear. Before founding Linear Technology in 1981, Dobkin was Director of Advanced Circuit Development at National Semiconductor for eleven years. He has been intimately involved in the development of high performance linear integrated circuits for over 30 years and has generated many industry standard circuits. Dobkin holds over 100 patents pertaining to linear ICs and has authored over 50 articles and papers. He attended the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Affiliations and Expertise

Linear Technology Corporation, Milpitas, CA, USA

Jim Williams

Jim Williams, who worked for Linear Technology for nearly three decades, was a talented and prolific circuit designer and author in the field of analog electronics until his untimely passing in 2011. In nearly 30 years with Linear, he had the unique role of staff scientist with interests spanning product definition, development and support. Before joining Linear Technology in 1982, Williams worked in National Semiconductor’s Linear Integrated Circuits Group for three years. Williams was a legendary circuit designer, problem solver, mentor and writer with writings published as Linear application notes and EDN magazine articles. In addition, he was writer/editor of four books. Williams was named Innovator of the Year by EDN magazine in 1992, elected to Electronic Design Hall of Fame in 2002, and was honored posthumously by EDN and EE Times in 2012 as the first recipient of the Jim Williams Contributor of the Year Award.

Affiliations and Expertise

Linear Technology Corporation, Milpitas, California

Latest reviews

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  • Gordon Y. Tue May 15 2018

    Analog Circuit Design Volume 2

    A book to satisfy those who remember the excellent work of Jim Williams, his insight for the details that must be attended to in analog circuit design.