Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience

Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience

1st Edition - April 16, 2010

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  • Editor-in-Chief: George Koob
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080453965
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780080447322

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Behavioral Neuroscientists study the behavior of animals and humans and the neurobiological and physiological processes that control it. Behavior is the ultimate function of the nervous system, and the study of it is very multidisciplinary. Disorders of behavior in humans touch millions of people’s lives significantly, and it is of paramount importance to understand pathological conditions such as addictions, anxiety, depression, schizophrenia, autism among others, in order to be able to develop new treatment possibilities. Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience is the first and only multi-volume reference to comprehensively cover the foundation knowledge in the field. This three volume work is edited by world renowned behavioral neuroscientists George F. Koob, The Scripps Research Institute, Michel Le Moal, Université Bordeaux, and Richard F. Thompson, University of Southern California and written by a premier selection of the leading scientists in their respective fields. Each section is edited by a specialist in the relevant area. The important research in all areas of Behavioral Neuroscience is covered in a total of 210 chapters on topics ranging from neuroethology and learning and memory, to behavioral disorders and psychiatric diseases.

Key Features

  • The only comprehensive Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience on the market
  • Addresses all recent advances in the field
  • Written and edited by an international group of leading researchers, truly representative of the behavioral neuroscience community
  • Includes many entries on the advances in our knowledge of the neurobiological basis of complex behavioral, psychiatric, and neurological disorders
  • Richly illustrated in full color
  • Extensively cross referenced to serve as the go-to reference for students and researchers alike
  • The online version features full searching, navigation, and linking functionality
  • An essential resource for libraries serving neuroscientists, psychologists, neuropharmacologists, and psychiatrists


Rresearchers in academia and industry, health professionals, educators, students and scientific writers. The scope of coverage for the work means that there will be interest from an audience involved in many areas of human and animal behavioral and cognitive neuroscience, including neurologists, pharmacologists, toxicologists, physiologists, psychiatrists, psychologists, geneticists, nutritionists and ingestive behavior scientists, sensory scientists and social researchers

Table of Contents

  • Alcohol addiction


    Cognition: Attention and Impulsivity

    Cognition: Learning and Memory: Pavlovian

    Cognition: Learning and Memory: Spatial

    Cognitive decline in laboratory animals: models, measures, and validity


    Drug addiction


    Invertebrate learning: Aplysia; C. Elegans; hermissenda; honey bees; Drosophila

    Knock-outs: learning and memory

    Knock-outs: human psychiatric disorders

    Learning and Memory

    Manic depression

    Maternal deprivation



    Sexual behavior

    The value of animal models for predicting CNS therapeutic action

    Genes and Behavior: Animal Models

    Genes and Languages

    Genetic Studies of Personality

    Human Evolutionary Genetics

    Memory: Genetic Approaches

    Aging and cognition

    Cholinergic Systems in Aging and Alzheimer¿s disease



    Alzheimer's Disease, Neural Basis of


    Anatomical and functional recent studies of langage and memory in epilepsy

    Attention-deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, Neural Basis of

    Current models and assessment of limb apraxia

    Developmental dyslexia

    Disorders of face processing


    Korsakoff's Syndrome

    Memory impairments in non-Korsakoff alcoholic patients

    Neuropsychological aspects of anxiety disorders

    The contribution of split-brain studies to the evolution of the concept of hemispheric specialization

    Transient Global Amnesia: Neuropsychology, psychopathology and neuroimaging

    Brain Imaging

    Consciousness/ unconscious

    Evolutionary and developmental issues in cognitive neuroscience

    Interface between emotion and cognition

    Acute Dependence*


    Anti-social personality disorder

    Brain Imaging and dependence*

    Comobidity - anxiety

    Comobidity - depression

    Conditioned cues

    Drug priming

    Electrophysiology of drug reward*


    Pain and addiction*

    Molecular neurobiology of addiction*

    Neuroplasticity and Addiction*


    Nicotine Ethanol Interactions*





    Stress and drug seeking/craving;


    Transition to dependence



    Aggression: Defensive

    Aggression: Kinds of Agression

    Aggression: Offensive

    Classic and contemporary theories of emotion

    Communication of emotions in animals

    Fear and anxiety in people

    Fear, anxiety and defensive behaviors in animals

    Neural and pharmacological substrates of aggression

    Neural substrates of conditioned fear, defense, and anxiety

    Neural substrates of unconditioned fear, defense, and anxiety

    Physical and emotional pain

    Pleasure - to include predation, play fighting, among other things

    Subjective experience and communication of emotions in man

    The evolution of emotion

    Abnormal behaviors and environmental constraints

    Altruism and cooperation

    Behavior adaptation and selection

    Behavioral development and socialization

    Brain Evolution in Vertebrates

    Mating behavior

    Orientation and navigation

    Parasitic infection and host behavior

    Parental behavior and neurohormonal determinants

    Physical cognition and reasoning

    Primate origins of human behavior

    Social cognition and theory of mind

    Social communication

    Social competition and conflict resolution

    Social learning and behavior transmission

    Social relationships and individual recognition

    Temperament and individual differences

    Hemispheric Specialization: Language, Space and Sexual Differentiation

    History of the field

    Development and language

    Language and communication - brain substrate

    Avoidance Learning and Escape Learning

    Birdsong and Vocal Learning during Development

    Blocking, Neural Basis of

    Cardiovascular Conditioning: Neural Substrates

    Cerebellum: Associative Learning

    Classical Conditioning: Neural Basis of

    Declarative Memory, Neural Basis of

    Episodic and Autobiographical Memory: Psychological and Neural Aspects

    Eyelid Classical Conditioning

    Fear Conditioning

    Fear: Potentiation and Startle


    Implicit Leaning and Memory: Psychological and Neural Aspects

    Learning and Memory: Computational Models

    Memory and Aging, Neural Basis of

    Memory in C. elegans

    Mechanisms of Memory Formation and Storage in Hermissenda

    Memory in the Bee

    Memory in the Fly, Genetics of

    Memory, Consolidation of

    Memory: Genetic Approaches

    Memory: Synaptic Mechanisms

    Motor Control, Brain Systems

    Plasticity in the Primary Auditory Cortex: Substrate of Specific Long-Term Memory Traces

    Neural Plasticity of Spinal Reflexes

    Place cells

    Protein Synthesis and Memory

    Recognition Memory (in Primates), Neural Basis of

    Short-term Memory: Psychological and Neural Aspects

    Temporaral lobe and object recognition

    Gaze Stabilization and the VOR

    Working Memory, Neural Basis of

    Brain stimulation and addiction

    Brain stimulation reward

    Energy Balance

    Hormonal contributions to arousal and motivation

    Incentive Salience/Incentive Motivation

    Neural systems of motivation


    Thermal Regulation

    Basal Ganglia

    Navigation in Virtual Space: Psychological and Neural Aspects

    Neural Representations of Direction (Head Direction Cells)

    Neural Representations of Intended Movement

    Compulsive computer addiction

    Compulsive sexual behaviors

    Compulsive shopping


    Intermittent Explosive Disorder


    Obesity and binge eating disorder



    Behavioral effects of cytokines

    Biomarkers of the stress response

    Gastrointestinal peptides and control of food intake

    Hormones and Memory

    Neuropeptides and regulation of water

    Perinatal influences on behaviour and neuroendocrine functions

    Psychosocial infleunces on the immune system

    Sex hormones, mood and cognition

    Female sexual behavior

    Infant bonding and attachment

    Male sexual behavior

    neural basis of gender

    Parental Behavior

    Play Behavior

    Sexual motivation

    Social bonding and attachment

    Attention and speed of information processing

    Brain-machine interfaces

    Cortical visual processing

    From sensation to perception

    Mirror-neuron system

    Motor planning

    Organisation of human locomotion: proprioception and quadrupedal organisation

    Peripersonal space and body schema

    Self-regulation process, control and willpower

    Taste perception and behaviour in mammals and flies

    The role of neuronal synchrony in normal and pathological brain

    Tinnitus: processing of auditory phantom sound

    TRP channels in thermo- and mechanosensation

    Circadian and ultradian clocks/rhythms

    Overview of sleep and dream basics

    Sleep: Disorders

    Sleep: EEG and Homeostasis

    Sleep: Bioenergetics of Sleep

    Sleep: Learning and Memory

    Sleep: Neuropsychology and Imaging

    Acute vs. chronic stress: homeostasis

    Stress and brain morphology

    Stress and emotionality

    Stress and feeding behavior

    Stress and learning and memory

    Stress and reproductive behavior OR stress and sleep/arousal

    Stress and reward

    Stress and social behavior

    Neurogenesis and development

    Neurogenesis and exercise

    Neurogenesis and memory

    Neurogenesis and the environment

    Neuron excitability and memory

    Synapse formation and memory

    Neurotransmitters and Neuromodulators

    Motor learning in the VOR

    Motor Function and Motivation


    Deep Brain Stimulation In Psychiatric Disorders

Product details

  • No. of pages: 1816
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier Science 2010
  • Published: April 16, 2010
  • Imprint: Elsevier Science
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080453965
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780080447322

About the Editor in Chief

George Koob

George Koob

George F. Koob, Ph.D., received his Bachelor of Science degree from Pennsylvania State University and his Ph.D. in Behavioral Physiology from The Johns Hopkins University. He was recently appointed (in 2014) as Director of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (currently on a leave of absence as Professor at The Scripps Research Institute, Adjunct Professor in the Departments of Psychology and Psychiatry at the University of California San Diego, and Adjunct Professor in the Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences at the University of California San Diego). As an authority on drug addiction and stress, he has contributed to our understanding of the neurocircuitry associated with the acute reinforcing effects of drugs of abuse and the neuroadaptations of the reward and stress circuits associated with the transition to dependence. Dr. Koob has published over 780 scientific papers. In collaboration with Dr. Michel Le Moal, he wrote the renowned book Neurobiology of Addiction (Elsevier, 2006). He was previously Director of the NIAAA Alcohol Research Center at The Scripps Research Institute, Consortium Coordinator for NIAAA's multi-center Integrative Neuroscience Initiative on Alcoholism, and Co-Director of the Pearson Center for Alcoholism and Addiction Research. He has trained 75 postdoctoral fellows and 11 predoctoral fellows. He is currently Editor-in-Chief of the journal Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior and Senior Editor for Journal of Addiction Medicine. Dr. Koob taught for 35 years in the Psychology Department at the University of California San Diego, including courses such as Drugs Addiction and Mental Disorders and Impulse Control Disorders, courses that regularly matriculated 400-500 students each. He also taught Contemporary Topics in Central Nervous System Pharmacology at the Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences at UCSD for 9 years.

Dr. Koob's research interests have been directed at the neurobiology of emotion, with a focus on the theoretical constructs of reward and stress. He has made contributions to our understanding of the anatomical connections of the emotional systems and the neurochemistry of emotional function. Dr. Koob has identified afferent and efferent connections of the basal forebrain (extended amygdala) in the region of the nucleus accumbens, bed nucleus of the stria terminalis, and central nucleus of the amygdala in motor activation, reinforcement mechanisms, behavioral responses to stress, drug self-administration, and the neuroadaptation associated with drug dependence.

Dr. Koob also is one of the world's authorities on the neurobiology of drug addiction. He has contributed to our understanding of the neurocircuitry associated with the acute reinforcing effects of drugs of abuse and more recently on the neuroadaptations of these reward circuits associated with the transition to dependence. He has validated key animal models for dependence associated with drugs of abuse and has begun to explore a key role of anti-reward systems in the development of dependence.

Dr. Koob's work with the neurobiology of stress includes the characterization of behavioral functions in the central nervous system for catecholamines, opioid peptides, and corticotropin-releasing factor. Corticotropin-releasing factor, in addition to its classical hormonal functions in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, is also located in extrahypothalamic brain structures and may have an important role in brain emotional function. Recent use of specific corticotropin-releasing factor antagonists suggests that endogenous brain corticotropin-releasing factor may be involved in specific behavioral responses to stress, the psychopathology of anxiety and affective disorders, and drug addiction.

Affiliations and Expertise

The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA, USA

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