Wearable Sensors - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780124186620, 9780124186668

Wearable Sensors

1st Edition

Fundamentals, Implementation and Applications

Editors: Edward Sazonov Michael Neuman
eBook ISBN: 9780124186668
Hardcover ISBN: 9780124186620
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 29th August 2014
Page Count: 656
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Description

Written by industry experts, this book aims to provide you with an understanding of how to design and work with wearable sensors. Together these insights provide the first single source of information on wearable sensors that would be a valuable addition to the library of any engineer interested in this field.

Wearable Sensors covers a wide variety of topics associated with the development and application of various wearable sensors. It also provides an overview and coherent summary of many aspects of current wearable sensor technology.

Both industry professionals and academic researchers will benefit from this comprehensive reference which contains the most up-to-date information on the advancement of lightweight hardware, energy harvesting, signal processing, and wireless communications and networks. Practical problems with smart fabrics, biomonitoring and health informatics are all addressed, plus end user centric design, ethical and safety issues.

Key Features

  • Provides the first comprehensive resource of all currently used wearable devices in an accessible and structured manner.
  • Helps engineers manufacture wearable devices with information on current technologies, with a focus on end user needs and recycling requirements.
  • Combines the expertise of professionals and academics in one practical and applied source.

Readership

Practicing engineers in the area of medical and wearable devices, academic researchers and graduate students.

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors
  • Introduction
  • Chapter 1.1. Wearables: Fundamentals, Advancements, and a Roadmap for the Future
    • 1 World of Wearables (WOW)
    • 2 Attributes of Wearables
    • 3 Textiles and Clothing: The Meta-Wearable
    • 4 Challenges and Opportunities
    • 5 The Future of Wearables: Defining the Research Roadmap
    • References
  • Chapter 1.2. Social Aspects of Wearability and Interaction
    • 1 Introduction
    • 2 Social Interpretation of Aesthetics
    • 3 Adoption of Innovation and Aesthetic Change
    • 4 On-Body Interaction: Social Acceptance of Gesture
    • 5 Case Study: Google Glass
    • 6 Conclusion
    • References
  • Chapter 1.3. Wearable Haptics
    • 1 Introduction
    • 2 The Need for Wearable Haptic Devices
    • 3 Categories of Wearable Haptic and Tactile Display
    • 4 Display of Friction and Weight Illusions Based on Fingertip Manipulation
    • 5 A Wearable Sensorimotor Enhancer
    • 6 Conclusions
    • References
  • Chapter 2.1. Wearable Bio and Chemical Sensors
    • 1 Introduction
    • 2 System Design
    • 3 Challenges in Chemical Biochemical Sensing
    • 4 Application Areas
    • 5 Conclusions
    • Acknowledgment
    • References
  • Chapter 2.2. Wearable Inertial Sensors and Their Applications
    • 1 Introduction
    • 2 Wearable Inertial Sensors
    • 3 Obtained Parameters from Inertia Sensors
    • 4 Applications for Wearable Motion Sensors
    • 5 Practical Considerations for Wearable Inertial Sensor Applications in Clinical Practice and Future Research Directions
    • References
  • Chapter 2.3. Application of Optical Heart Rate Monitoring
    • 1 Introduction
    • 2 Photoplethysmography Basics
    • 3 Applications
    • 4 Conclusion and Outlook
    • Nomenclature
    • Acknowledgments
    • References
  • Chapter 2.4. Measurement of Energy Expenditure by Body-worn Heat-flow Sensors
    • 1 Introduction
    • 2 Energy Expenditure Background
    • 3 Examples of Body-Worn Devices
    • 4 Design Considerations
    • 5 Performance
    • 6 Validations
    • 7 Conclusion
    • References
  • Chapter 3.1. Knitted Electronic Textiles
    • 1 From Fibers to Textile Sensors
    • 2 The Interlaced Network
    • 3 Textile Sensors for Physiological State Monitoring
    • 4 Biomechanical Sensing
    • 5 Non-Invasive Sweat Monitoring by Textile Sensors
    • 6 Smart Fabrics and Interactive Textile Platforms for Remote Monitoring
    • 7 System for Remote Rehabilitation
    • 8 Systems for Emotional State Assessment
    • 9 Conclusions
    • References
  • Chapter 3.2. Woven Electronic Textiles
    • 1 Introduction
    • 2 Textiles
    • 3 Applications
    • 4 Summary
    • References
  • Chapter 3.3. Flexible Electronics from Foils to Textiles: Materials, Devices, and Assembly
    • 1 Introduction
    • 2 Thin-Film Transistors: Materials and Technologies
    • 3 Review of Semiconductors Employed in Flexible Electronics
    • 4 Thin-Film Transistors Based on a-IGZO
    • 5 Further Improvements and Limitations
    • 6 Plastic Electronics for Smart Textiles
    • 7 Outlook and Conclusions
    • References
  • Chapter 4.1. Energy Harvesting at the Human Body
    • 1 Introduction to Energy Harvesting Systems
    • 2 Energy Harvesting from Temperature Gradient at the Human Body
    • 3 Energy Harvesting from Foot Motion
    • 4 Wireless Energy Transmission
    • 5 Energy Harvesting from Light
    • 6 Energy and Power Consumption Issues
    • 7 Conclusions and Future Considerations
    • Supplemental Material: Energy Harvesting at the Human Body
    • References for the Supplemental Material
    • References
  • Chapter 4.2. Introduction to RF Energy Harvesting
    • 1 RF Energy Harvesting Fundamentals and Practical Limitations
    • 2 Impedance Mismatch, Losses, and Efficiency
    • 3 Distribution of Harvested Power in a Realistic Environment
    • 4 Charge Pump Rectifier Topologies
    • 5 Effect of Load and Source Variations
    • 6 Antenna-Rectifier Co-Design
    • 7 Conclusion
    • Acknowledgement
    • References
  • Chapter 4.3. Low-Power Integrated Circuit Design for Wearable Biopotential Sensing
    • 1 Introduction
    • 2 Biopotential Signals and Their Characteristics
    • 3 Electrode-Body Interface and Electrode Noise
    • 4 Low-Power Analog Circuit Design Techniques for Biopotential Sensors
    • 5 Low-Power Design for ADCs
    • 6 Low-Power Digital Circuit Design Techniques
    • 7 Architectural Design for Low-Power Biopotential Acquisition
    • 8 Practical Considerations
    • 9 Conclusion
    • References
  • Chapter 5.1. Wearable Algorithms: An Overview of a Truly Multi-Disciplinary Problem
    • 1 Introduction
    • 2 Why Do Wearable Sensors Need Algorithms?
    • 3 What are Wearable Algorithms?
    • 4 Wearable Algorithms: State-of-the-Art and Emerging Techniques
    • 5 Conclusions
    • References
  • Chapter 5.2. Mining Techniques for Body Sensor Network Data Repository
    • 1 Introduction
    • 2 Machine Learning Approaches to Data Mining
    • 3 Mining BSN Data
    • 4 Data Representation
    • 5 Comparison Metric
    • 6 Classifier
    • 7 Data-Mining Model
    • 8 Experimental Results
    • 9 Conclusion and Recommendations
    • Acknowledgment
    • References
  • Chapter 5.3. Modeling Physical Activity Behavior Change
    • 1 Introduction – Physical Activity Monitoring Capabilities
    • 2 Physical Activity Body Sensor Technology
    • 3 Modeling Physical Activity
    • 4 Behavior-Change Theories Relevant to Physical Activity Interventions
    • 5 Conclusion
    • References
  • Chapter 6.1. Human Body Communication for a High Data Rate Sensor Network
    • 1 Capacitive-Coupling Communication Through Human Body
    • 2 Channel Properties of Human Body
    • 3 Effects of Electrode’s Structure
    • 4 Transmission Scheme of Human Body Communication
    • 5 Analog Front-End for Human Body Communication
    • 6 Performance of the Analog Front-End
    • 7 Commercialization of Human Body Communication and its Challenges
    • References
  • Chapter 6.2. Channel Models for On-Body Communications
    • 1 Introduction
    • 2 IEEE 802.15.6 TG6 Standard Models
    • 3 Independent Studies
    • 4 Conclusions
    • Acknowledgements
    • References
  • Chapter 6.3. Trust Establishment in Wireless Body Area Networks
    • 1 Introduction
    • 2 WBAN Device Authentication Techniques
    • 3 Secret Key Establishment in WBAN
    • 4 Summary
    • References
  • Chapter 6.4. Wireless Body Area Networks
    • 1 Introduction
    • 2 Evaluation Metrics
    • 3 Technologies
    • 4 Wearable Radios
    • 5 Conclusions
    • References
  • Chapter 7.1. Fundamentals of Wearable Sensors for the Monitoring of Physical and Physiological Changes in Daily Life
    • 1 Introduction
    • 2 Wearable Sensors for Physiological Signal Measurement
    • 3 Summary
  • Chapter 7.2. Wearing Sensors Inside and Outside of the Human Body for the Early Detection of Diseases
    • 1 Introduction
    • 2 Cardiovascular Diseases
    • 3 Neurological Diseases
    • 4 Gastrointestinal Diseases
    • 5 Conclusion
    • Acknowledgment
    • References
  • Chapter 7.3. Wearable and Non-Invasive Assistive Technologies
    • 1 Assistive Devices for Individuals with Severe Paralysis
    • 2 Why Use the Tongue for Wearable Technology?
    • 3 Wireless Tracking of Tongue Motion
    • 4 Wearable Tongue Drive System
    • 5 Sensor Signal-Processing Algorithm
    • 6 Dual-Mode Tongue Drive System
    • 7 Clinical Assessment
    • 8 Future Directions
    • References
  • Chapter 7.4. Detection and Characterization of Food Intake by Wearable Sensors
    • 1 Introduction
    • 2 Wearable Sensors
    • 3 Signal Processing and Pattern-Recognition Methods for Automatic Detection of Food Intake
    • 4 Methods for Characterization of Food Intake
    • 5 Applications
    • 6 Summary and Conclusions
    • References
  • Index

Details

No. of pages:
656
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 2015
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780124186668
Hardcover ISBN:
9780124186620

About the Editor

Edward Sazonov

Edward Sazonov is an Associate Professor in the department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL, USA and the head of the Computer Laboratory of Ambient and Wearable Systems (http://claws.eng.ua.edu). Wearable devices developed in his laboratory include an accurate physical activity and gait monitor integrated into a shoe insole (SmartStep); a wearable sensor for objective detection and characterization of food intake (AIM); a wearable sensor system for monitoring of cigarette smoking (PACT); sensor systems for early diagnosis of risk of falling in elderly (ALARM) and others. His research has been supported by the National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, National Academies of Science, as well as by state agencies and private industry.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Alabama, USA.

Michael Neuman

Michael R. Neuman joined the Department of Biomedical Engineering at Michigan Technological University in 2003, as Professor and Chairman, the latter ending in 2010. Previously he held the Herbert Herff Chair of Excellence at the Memphis Joint Program in Biomedical Engineering. He served for thirty-two years on the faculty at Case Western Reserve University in the Departments of Biomedical Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Reproductive Biology and Obstetrics and Gynecology. Dr. Neuman was Editor in Chief of the IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering from 1989 through 1996. He also edited Physiological Measurement from 2002 through 2007 and served as Editor in Chief of the biomedical engineering magazine, IEEE Pulse from 2008 through 2013. Dr Neuman’s research has been in the area of biomedical sensors and instrumentation with emphasis on clinical applications.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Michigan Technological University, USA.