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Virus Taxonomy - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123846846, 9780123846853

Virus Taxonomy

1st Edition

Ninth Report of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses

Editors: Andrew King Elliot Lefkowitz Michael J. Adams Eric B. Carstens
Hardcover ISBN: 9780123846846
eBook ISBN: 9780123846853
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 25th October 2011
Page Count: 1344
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The practical need to partition the world of viruses into distinguishable, universally agreed upon entities is the ultimate justification for developing a virus classification system. Since 1971, the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) operating on behalf of the world community of virologists has taken on the task of developing a single, universal taxonomic scheme for all viruses infecting animals (vertebrate, invertebrates, and protozoa), plants (higher plants and algae), fungi, bacteria, and archaea. The current report builds on the accumulated taxonomic construction of the eight previous reports dating back to 1971 and records the proceedings of the Committee since publication of the last report in 2005. Representing the work of more than 500 virologists worldwide, this report is the authoritative reference for virus organization, distinction, and structure.


Research level virologists, microbiologists, molecular biologists, infectious disease specialists and those in the pharma sector working on antivirals

Table of Contents

Preface and Acknowledgments

Part I. Introduction

Part II. The Viruses

Order. Caudovirales

Family. Myoviridae

Genus. “T4-like viruses”

Genus. “P1-like viruses”

Genus. “P2-like viruses”

Genus. “Mu-like viruses”

Genus. “SPO1-like viruses”

Genus. “PhiH-like viruses”

Genus. “phiKZ-like viruses”

Genus. “I3-like viruses”

Family. Podoviridae

Genus. “BPP-1-like viruses”

Genus. “Epsilon15-like viruses”

Genus. “LUZ24-like viruses”

Genus. “N4-like viruses”

Genus. “P22-like viruses”

Genus. “Phieco32-like viruses”

Subfamily. Autographivirinae

Genus. “PhiKMV-like viruses”

Genus. “SP6-like viruses”

Genus. “T7-like viruses”

Subfamily. Picovirinae

Genus. “AHJD-like viruses”

Genus. “Phi29-like viruses”

Family. Siphoviridae

Genus. “Lambda-like viruses”

Genus. “T1-like viruses”

Genus. “T5-like viruses”

Genus. “L5-like viruses”

Genus. “c2-like viruses”

Genus. “PsiM1-like viruses”

Genus. “PhiC31-like viruses”

Genus. “N15-like viruses”

Genus. “SPbeta-like viruses”

Order. Herpesvirales

Family. Alloherpesviridae

Genus. Batrachovirus

Genus. Cyprinivirus

Genus. Ictalurivirus

Genus. Salmonivirus

Family. Herpesviridae

Subfamily. Alphaherpesvirinae

Genus. Iltovirus

Genus. Mardivirus

Genus. Simplexvirus

Genus. Varicellovirus

Subfamily. Betaherpesvirinae

Genus. Cytomegalovirus

Genus. Muromegalovirus

Genus. Proboscivirus

Genus. Roseolovirus

Subfamily. Gammaherpesvirinae

Genus. Lymphocryptovirus

Genus. Macavirus

Genus. Percavirus

Genus. Rhadinovirus

Family. Malacoherpesviridae

Genus. Ostreavirus

Family. Adenoviridae

Genus. Mastadenovirus

Genus. Aviadenovirus

Genus. Atadenovirus

Genus. Siadenovirus

Genus. Ichtadenovirus

Family. Ampullaviridae

Genus. Ampullavirus

Family. Ascoviridae

Genus. Ascovirus

Family. Asfarviridae

Genus. Asfivirus

Family. Baculoviridae

Genus. Alphabaculovirus

Genus. Betabaculovirus

Genus. Gammabaculovirus

Genus. Deltabaculovirus

Family. Bicaudaviridae

Genus. Bicaudavirus

Family. Corticoviridae

Genus. Corticovirus

Family. Fuselloviridae

Genus. Fusellovirus

Family. Globuloviridae

Genus. Globulovirus

Family. Guttaviridae

Genus. Guttavirus

Family. Iridoviridae

Genus. Iridovirus

Genus. Chloriridovirus

Genus. Ranavirus

Genus. Lymphocystivirus

Genus. Megalocytivirus

Family. Lipothrixviridae

Genus. Alphalipothrixvirus

Genus. Betalipothrixvirus

Genus. Gammalipothrixvirus

Genus. Deltalipothrixvirus

Family. Mimiviridae

Genus. Mimivirus

Family. Nimaviridae

Genus. Whispovirus

Family. Papillomaviridae

Genus. Alphapapillomavirus

Genus. Betapapillomavirus

Genus. Gammapapillomavirus

Genus. Deltapapillomavirus

Genus. Epsilonpapillomavirus

Genus. Zetapapillomavirus

Genus. Etapapillomavirus

Genus. Thetapapillomavirus

Genus. Iotapapillomavirus

Genus. Kappapapillomavirus

Genus. Lambdapapillomavirus

Genus. Mupapillomavirus

Genus. Nupapillomavirus

Genus. Xipapillomavirus

Genus. Omikronpapillomavirus

Genus. Pipapillomavirus

Family. Phycodnaviridae

Genus. Chlorovirus

Genus. Coccolithovirus

Genus. Prasinovirus

Genus. Prymnesiovirus

Genus. Phaeovirus

Genus. Raphidovirus

Family. Plasmaviridae

Genus. Plasmavirus

Family. Polydnaviridae

Genus. Bracovirus

Genus. Ichnovirus

Family. Polyomaviridae

Genus. Polyomavirus

Family. Poxviridae

Subfamily. Chordopoxvirinae

Genus. Avipoxvirus

Genus. Capripoxvirus

Genus. Cervidpoxvirus

Genus. Leporipoxvirus

Genus. Molluscipoxvirus

Genus. Orthopoxvirus

Genus. Parapoxvirus

Genus. Suipoxvirus

Genus. Yatapoxvirus

Subfamily. Entomopoxvirinae

Genus. Alphaentomopoxvirus

Genus. Betaentomopoxvirus

Genus. Gammaentomopoxvirus

Family. Rudiviridae

Genus. Rudivirus

Family. Tectiviridae

Genus. Tectivirus

Genus. Rhizidiovirus

Genus. Salterprovirus

Family. Anelloviridae

Genus. Alphatorquevirus

Genus. Betatorquevirus

Genus. Gammatorquevirus

Genus. Deltatorquevirus

Genus. Epsilontorquevirus

Genus. Zetatorquevirus

Genus. Etatorquevirus

Genus. Thetatorquevirus

Genus. Iotatorquevirus

Family. Circoviridae

Genus. Circovirus

Genus. Gyrovirus

Family. Geminiviridae

Genus. Mastrevirus

Genus. Curtovirus

Genus. Topocuvirus

Genus. Begomovirus

Family. Inoviridae

Genus. Inovirus

Genus. Plectrovirus

Family. Microviridae

Genus. Microvirus

Subfamily. Gokushovirinae

Genus. Chlamydiamicrovirus

Genus. Bdellomicrovirus

Genus. Spiromicrovirus

Family. Nanoviridae

Genus. Nanovirus

Genus. Babuvirus

Family. Parvoviridae

Subfamily. Parvovirinae

Genus. Parvovirus

Genus. Erythrovirus

Genus. Dependovirus

Genus. Amdovirus

Genus. Bocavirus

Subfamily. Densovirinae

Genus. Iteravirus

Genus. Brevidensovirus

Genus. Densovirus

Genus. Pefudensovirus

Family. Caulimoviridae

Genus. Caulimovirus

Genus. Petuvirus

Genus. Soymovirus

Genus. Cavemovirus3

Genus. Badnavirus

Genus. Tungrovirus

Family. Hepadnaviridae

Genus. Orthohepadnavirus

Genus. Avihepadnavirus

Family. Metaviridae

Genus. Metavirus

Genus. Errantivirus

Genus. Semotivirus

Family. Pseudoviridae

Genus. Pseudovirus

Genus. Hemivirus

Genus. Sirevirus

Family. Retroviridae

Subfamily. Orthoretrovirinae

Genus. Alpharetrovirus

Genus. Betaretrovirus

Genus. Gammaretrovirus

Genus. Deltaretrovirus

Genus. Epsilonretrovirus

Genus. Lentivirus

Subfamily. Spumaretrovirinae

Genus. Spumavirus

Family. Birnaviridae

Genus. Aquabirnavirus

Genus. Avibirnavirus

Genus. Blosnavirus

Genus. Entomobirnavirus

Family. Chrysoviridae

Genus. Chrysovirus

Family. Cystoviridae

Genus. Cystovirus

Family. Endornaviridae

Genus. Endornavirus

Family. Partitiviridae

Genus. Partitivirus

Genus. Alphacryptovirus

Genus. Betacryptovirus

Genus. Cryspovirus

Family. Picobirnaviridae

Genus. Picobirnavirus

Family. Reoviridae

Subfamily. Spinareovirinae

Genus. Orthoreovirus

Genus. Aquareovirus

Genus. Oryzavirus

Genus. Fijivirus

Genus. Mycoreovirus

Genus. Cypovirus

Genus. Idnoreovirus

Genus. Dinovernavirus

Genus. Coltivirus

Subfamily. Sedoreovirinae

Genus. Orbivirus

Genus. Rotavirus

Genus. Seadornavirus

Genus. Phytoreovirus

Genus. Cardoreovirus

Genus. Mimoreovirus

Family. Totiviridae

Genus. Totivirus

Genus. Victorivirus

Genus. Giardiavirus

Genus. Leishmaniavirus

Order. Mononegavirales

Family. Bornaviridae

Genus. Bornavirus

Family. Filoviridae

Genus. Marburgvirus

Genus. Ebolavirus

Family. Paramyxoviridae

Subfamily. Paramyxovirinae

Genus. Rubulavirus

Genus. Avulavirus

Genus. Respirovirus

Genus. Henipavirus

Genus. Morbillivirus

Subfamily. Pneumovirinae

Genus. Pneumovirus

Genus. Metapneumovirus

Family. Rhabdoviridae

Genus. Vesiculovirus

Genus. Lyssavirus

Genus. Ephemerovirus

Genus. Novirhabdovirus

Genus. Cytorhabdovirus

Genus. Nucleorhabdovirus

Family. Arenaviridae

Genus. Arenavirus

Family. Bunyaviridae

Genus. Orthobunyavirus

Genus. Hantavirus

Genus. Nairovirus

Genus. Phlebovirus

Genus. Tospovirus

Family. Ophioviridae

Genus. Ophiovirus

Family. Orthomyxoviridae

Genus. Influenzavirus A

Genus. Influenzavirus B

Genus. Influenzavirus C

Genus. Thogotovirus

Genus. Isavirus

Genus. Deltavirus

Genus. Emaravirus

Genus. Tenuivirus

Genus. Varicosavirus

Order. Nidovirales

Family. Arteriviridae

Genus. Arterivirus

Family. Coronaviridae

Subfamily. Coronavirinae

Genus. Alphacoronavirus

Genus. Betacoronavirus

Genus. Gammacoronavirus

Subfamily. Torovirinae

Genus. Torovirus

Genus. Bafinivirus

Family. Roniviridae

Genus. Okavirus

Order. Picornavirales

Family. Dicistroviridae

Genus. Cripavirus

Genus. Aparavirus

Family. Iflaviridae

Genus. Iflavirus

Family. Marnaviridae

Genus. Marnavirus

Family. Picornaviridae

Genus. Enterovirus

Genus. Cardiovirus

Genus. Aphthovirus

Genus. Hepatovirus

Genus. Parechovirus

Genus. Erbovirus

Genus. Kobuvirus

Genus. Teschovirus

Genus. Sapelovirus

Genus. Senecavirus

Genus. Tremovirus

Genus. Avihepatovirus

Family. Secoviridae

Subfamily. Comovirinae

Genus. Comovirus

Genus. Fabavirus

Genus. Nepovirus

Genus. Cheravirus

Genus. Sadwavirus

Genus. Torradovirus

Genus. Sequivirus

Genus. Waikavirus

Order. Tymovirales

Family. Alphaflexiviridae

Genus. Allexivirus

Genus. Botrexvirus

Genus. Lolavirus

Genus. Mandarivirus

Genus. Potexvirus

Genus. Sclerodarnavirus

Family. Betaflexiviridae

Genus. Capillovirus

Genus. Carlavirus

Genus. Citrivirus

Genus. Foveavirus

Genus. Trichovirus

Genus. Vitivirus

Family. Gammaflexiviridae

Genus. Mycoflexivirus

Family. Tymoviridae

Genus. Tymovirus

Genus. Marafivirus

Genus. Maculavirus

Family. Astroviridae

Genus. Avastrovirus

Genus. Mamastrovirus

Family. Barnaviridae

Genus. Barnavirus

Family. Bromoviridae

Genus. Alfamovirus

Genus. Anulavirus

Genus. Bromovirus

Genus. Cucumovirus

Genus. Ilarvirus

Genus. Oleavirus

Family. Caliciviridae

Genus. Vesivirus

Genus. Lagovirus

Genus. Norovirus

Genus. Sapovirus

Genus. Nebovirus

Family. Closteroviridae

Genus. Closterovirus

Genus. Ampelovirus

Genus. Crinivirus

Family. Flaviviridae

Genus. Flavivirus

Genus. Pestivirus

Genus. Hepacivirus

Family. Hepeviridae

Genus. Hepevirus

Family. Hypoviridae

Genus. Hypovirus

Family. Leviviridae

Genus. Levivirus

Genus. Allolevivirus

Family. Luteoviridae

Genus. Luteovirus

Genus. Polerovirus

Genus. Enamovirus

Family. Narnaviridae

Genus. Narnavirus

Genus. Mitovirus

Family. Nodaviridae

Genus. Alphanodavirus

Genus. Betanodavirus

Family. Potyviridae

Genus. Potyvirus

Genus. Brambyvirus

Genus. Ipomovirus

Genus. Macluravirus

Genus. Rymovirus

Genus. Tritimovirus

Genus. Bymovirus

Family. Tetraviridae

Genus. Betatetravirus

Genus. Omegatetravirus

Family. Togaviridae

Genus. Alphavirus

Genus. Rubivirus

Family. Tombusviridae

Genus. Tombusvirus

Genus. Dianthovirus

Genus. Aureusvirus

Genus. Avenavirus

Genus. Carmovirus

Genus. Necrovirus

Genus. Panicovirus

Genus. Machlomovirus

Family. Virgaviridae

Genus. Furovirus

Genus. Hordeivirus

Genus. Pecluvirus

Genus. Pomovirus

Genus. Tobamovirus

Genus. Tobravirus

Genus. Benyvirus

Genus. Cilevirus

Genus. Idaeovirus

Genus. Ourmiavirus

Genus. Polemovirus

Genus. Sobemovirus

Genus. Umbravirus

The Unassigned Viruses

The Subviral Agents

1. Chronic bee-paralysis associated satellite virus

2. Satellites that resemble tobacco necrosis satellite virus

3. Nodavirus-associated satellite virus

4. Adenovirus-associated satellite virus (Dependovirus)

5. Mimivirus-associated satellite virus (Sputnik, virophage)

6. Single stranded DNAs

6b. Betasatellites

7. Double stranded RNAs

8. Single stranded RNAs

8b. Small linear single stranded satellite and satellite-like RNAs

8c. Small circular single stranded satellite RNAs

8d. Hepadnavirus-associated satellite-like RNAs (Deltavirus)

8e. Polerovirus-associated RNAs


Family. Avsunviroidae

Genus. Avsunviroid

Genus. Pelamoviroid

Genus. Elaviroid

Family. Pospiviroidae

Genus. Pospiviroid

Genus. Hostuviroid

Genus. Cocadviroid

Genus. Apscaviroid

Genus. Coleviroid

Fungal Prions

Species. [URE3]

Species. [PSI+]

Species. [PIN+]

Species. [Het-s]

Species. [Beta]

Vertebrate Prions

Part III. The ICTV

Part IV. The Indexes

Virus Index

Taxonomic Index


No. of pages:
© Elsevier 2011
25th October 2011
Hardcover ISBN:
eBook ISBN:

About the Editors

Andrew King

Elliot Lefkowitz

Affiliations and Expertise


Michael J. Adams

Eric B. Carstens

Ratings and Reviews