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Transport Phenomena in Micro- and Nanoscale Functional Materials and Devices - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780323460972, 9780323461245

Transport Phenomena in Micro- and Nanoscale Functional Materials and Devices

1st Edition

Authors: Joao Sousa Joao Ventura Andre Pereira
eBook ISBN: 9780323461245
Hardcover ISBN: 9780323460972
Imprint: William Andrew
Published Date: 23rd March 2021
Page Count: 484
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Table of Contents

  1. General formulation of transport phenomena
    2. Transport phenomena and their relations
    a. Thermo-magneto-galvanic effects
    b. Quasi particles transport
    3. Experimental techniques to measure transport properties in solids
    a. Electrical resistivity, thermopower, thermal conductivity, Nernst, Ettinsghausen and Peltier effects
    b. Transport coefficient derivatives: dc and ac methods
    c. Magnetoresistance, Hall effect
    d. Indirect and non-contact measurements
    4. Transient and dynamics of transport phenomena
    a. Transport under pulsed magnetic fields
    b. Large scale facilities
    c. Microscale setups
    5. Microscopic information provided by transport measurements; case studies
    a. Phase transitions and critical behavior
    b. Order-disorder in materials
    c. Spin reorientation transitions
    d. Relaxation phenomena
    e. Electrodeposition viewed within the scope of transport phenomena
    f. Colossal magnetocaloric effect
    g. Transport phenomena in superconductors and applications; high TC superconductors
    h. Magneto-Seebeck Effect
    6. Transport phenomena in thin films and nanostructures
    a. Experimental techniques
    b. Transport in thin films
    c. Transport in nanowires and nanotubes
    d. Ballistic transport
    e. Nanogranular media
    f. Transport in Graphene and 2D semiconductors
    g. Topological insulators
    7. Spintronics
    a. Read heads
    b. MRAMs
    c. Sensors
    d. Electrical noise in magnetic nanostructures
    e. Nano-oscillators (magnetic nanopillars, spin torque, coupling effects)
    f. Hysteretic transport phenomena
    g. Spin Orbitronics
    h. Spintronics in Graphene
    8. Role of transport coefficients in energy conversion devices
    a. Figures of merit, micro-coolers and micro-heaters
    b. Thermoelectrics
    c. Thermo-magneto-electric effects
    d. Spincaloritronics


Transport Phenomena in Micro- and Nanoscale Functional Materials and Devices offers a pragmatic view on transport phenomena for micro- and nanoscale materials and devices, both as a research tool and as a means to implant new functions in materials. Chapters emphasize transport properties (TP) as a research tool at the micro/nano level and give an experimental view on underlying techniques. The relevance of TP is highlighted through the interplay between a micro/nanocarrier’s characteristics and media characteristics: long/short-range order and disorder excitations, couplings, and in energy conversions. Later sections contain case studies on the role of transport properties in functional nanomaterials.

This includes transport in thin films and nanostructures, from nanogranular films, to graphene and 2D semiconductors and spintronics, and from read heads, MRAMs and sensors, to nano-oscillators and energy conversion, from figures of merit, micro-coolers and micro-heaters, to spincaloritronics.

Key Features

  • Presents a pragmatic description of electrical transport phenomena in micro- and nanoscale materials and devices from an experimental viewpoint
  • Provides an in-depth overview of the experimental techniques available to measure transport phenomena in micro- and nanoscale materials
  • Features case studies to illustrate how each technique works
  • Highlights emerging areas of interest in micro- and nanomaterial transport phenomena, including spintronics


Academics focusing on the areas of materials characterization, materials chemistry, molecular engineering, 2D nanomaterials and spintronics. The book will also appeal to engineers working in device modelling seeking to understand how micro/nanomanipulation can increase the efficiency of electronic transport


No. of pages:
© William Andrew 2021
23rd March 2021
William Andrew
eBook ISBN:
Hardcover ISBN:

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About the Authors

Joao Sousa

Joao Sousa

João Bessa Sousa is Emeritus Professor at Department of Physics & Astronomy of Faculty of Sciences of University of Porto. His teaching and research activities span solid sate & low temperature physics, micro & nanotechnologies, transport phenomena. Degree in Electrotechnical Engineering at Univ. Porto (1957-63) and Ph.D. at Univ. Oxford, Clarendon Laboratory (1965-68; Superconductivity). More than 260 published scientific articles. Awarded with the Order Santiago Espada, one of Portugal highest civil honours; also the Prize for Scientific Excellence by the Foundation for Science and Technology (2005). Effective Member of Portuguese Academy of Sciences. Co-founder and later President of Portuguese Physical Society. Former member of NATO Research Grants Scientific Committee, of Physical Society (London), of Condensed Matter Division of European Physical Society; of Linacre & Wolfson Colleges, Oxford. Co-founder and first President of Institute of Physics of Materials of University of Porto (IFIMUP).

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Porto, Portugal

Joao Ventura

Joao Ventura

João Oliveira Ventura is a Principal Researcher at the Institute of Physics for Advanced Materials, Nanotechnology and Photonics (IFIMUP), a leading research unit of the Faculty of Sciences of the University of Porto, Portugal, where he works in nanoelectronics and energy harvesting materials since 2008. His research interests include spintronics and spin-dependent transport, the fundamental properties of nanostructured materials, magnetic nanostructures, nanogenerators, thin film deposition and lithography. He is the author of more than 160 articles in peer-reviewed international journals and one granted patent. He is currently the vice-president of IFIMUP and the vice-director of the Micro- and Nano-Fabrication Unit of the University of Porto (CEMUP-MNTEC).

Affiliations and Expertise

Institute of Physics for Advanced Materials, Nanotechnology and Photonics (IFIMUP), University of Porto, Portugal

Andre Pereira

Andre Pereira

André Pereira is an Auxiliar Professor at Department of Physics & Astronomy of Faculty of Sciences of University of Porto. He did a PhD at University of Porto (2010) then latter was pos-doc at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (2010-2012) and research associate at Imperial College of London at UK (2013). Actually, his teaching and research are mainly focus in the topics related with nanotechnologies, magnetism and plastic electronics, for applied areas such as energy harvesting, storage and innovative sensors. He has published more than 120 scientific articles in specialized magazines, several chapters on that related topics of research. He is currently president of the Physics Society of the northern division.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Physics & Astronomy, University of Porto, Portugal