Sustainable Fibres for Fashion and Textile Manufacturing

Sustainable Fibres for Fashion and Textile Manufacturing

1st Edition - October 23, 2022

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  • Editor: Rajkishore Nayak
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128240533
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128240526

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Sustainable Fibres for Fashion and Textile Manufacturing presents the latest technical information about innovative natural and synthetic materials, helping the reader to understand sustainable fibres and raw materials for fashion and textile manufacturing. With a particular focus on apparel manufacturing, different applications of sustainable fibres are explored along with manufacturing techniques and details of the material properties. New research investigating nontraditional sources of textile fibres such as lotus, orange, milk, seaweed, corn, and mushroom are all presented, providing a uniquely comprehensive resource. Drawing on work by contributors from a variety of fields and roles in industry and academia, this book shares solutions and new perspectives on this interdisciplinary topic more widely in the hope of leading to research breakthroughs.

Key Features

  • Shares a wealth of valuable data and results from research into sustainable cellulosic, lingo-cellulosic and protein fibres
  • Includes full technical descriptions of newly explored sustainable fibres, including chemical structures and structural properties
  • Presents a strong focus on improving sustainability of the industry through practical measures spanning disciplinary boundaries to address this complex issue


Researchers and advanced students interested in fibre composites, or sustainability in the textile industry. Technical experts and engineers working with natural fibres, or sustainability in textiles and fashion design

Table of Contents

  • Part One Introduction to sustainable fibres

    1 Traditional fibres for fashion and textiles: Associated problems and future sustainable fibres
    Rajkishore Nayak, Lalit Jajpura and Asimanda Khandual
    1.1 Introduction
    1.2 Textile fibres
    1.3 Environmental impacts of textile fibre production
    1.4 Future directions
    1.5 Conclusions

    2 Introduction to sustainable fibres for fashion and textiles
    Lebo Maduna and Asis Patnaik
    2.1 Introduction
    2.2 Textile fibres-environmental impacts and sustainability
    2.3 Consumer behaviour and sustainability
    2.4 Sustainable designing
    2.5 Summary and future directions

    Part Two Sustainable natural fibres

    3 Organic cotton and BCI-certified cotton fibres
    Ashvani Goyal and Mayank Parashar
    3.1 Introduction
    3.2 Cotton fibre
    3.3 Organic cotton
    3.4 BCI (Better Cotton Initiative)
    3.5 Bt cotton
    3.6 Application of organic cotton
    3.7 Way ahead
    3.8 Conclusions

    4 Hemp, flax and other plant fibres
    Ryszard Kozlowski and Malgorzata Muzyczek
    4.1 Introduction - natural fibres, yarns, fabrics and knitting for fashion
    4.2 The sustainability aspects of natural fabrics and knitting from flax, hemp, ramie, curaua, bamboo, pineapple fibres. Example of apparels
    4.3 Recycling of natural textiles as a sustainable solution
    4.4 Future trends and further information and advice
    4.5 Conclusions

    5 Lotus fibre drawing and characterization
    Ritu Pandey, Amarish Dubey and Mukesh Kumar Sinha
    5.1 Introduction
    5.2 Lotus cultivation
    5.3 Lotus fibre drawing
    5.4 Fibre physical properties
    5.5 Chemical analysis of lotus fibre
    5.6 Comparison of lotus fibre with cotton fibre
    5.7 Application of lotus fibre for commercial product
    5.8 Lotus inspired design culture
    5.9 Conclusion

    6 Macrophyte and wetland plant fibres
    Ritu Pandey, Mukesh Kumar Sinha and Amarish Dubey
    6.1 Introduction
    6.2 Classification of macrophyte and wetland plants
    6.3 Fibre morphology
    6.4 Physicomechanical properties
    6.5 Chemical composition
    6.6 Application of macrophytes in effluent treatment
    6.7 Conclusion

    7 Mushroom and corn fibredthe green alternatives to unsustainable raw materials
    Yamini Jhanji
    7.1 Detrimental impact of textile and fashion supply on environment
    7.2 Eco leather/environmentally preferred leather
    7.3 Mycelium and mushroom leather
    7.4 Introduction to corn fibre
    7.5 Conclusions

    8 Wool and silk fibres from sustainable standpoint
    Vinod Kadam and N. Shanmugam
    8.1 Introduction
    8.2 Wool
    8.3 Silk
    8.4 Concluding remarks

    9 Sustainable protein fibres
    Asim Kumar Roy Choudhury
    9.1 Introduction
    9.2 Animal protein fibres
    9.3 Vegetable protein fibres
    9.4 Green composites
    9.5 Conclusion
    Further reading

    Part Three Sustainable synthetic fibres

    10 Regenerated synthetic fibres: bamboo and lyocell
    C. Prakash and S. Kubera Sampath Kumar
    10.1 Bamboo fibre
    10.2 Research on bamboo fibre
    10.3 Lyocell
    10.4 Conclusions

    11 Sustainable polyester and caprolactam fibres
    Sanat Kumar Sahoo and Ashwini Kumar Dash
    11.1 Introduction
    11.2 Polyester fibre
    11.3 Caprolactam or nylon fibre
    11.4 Conclusions
    11.5 Sources for further information

    Part Four Fibres derived from waste

    12 Orange fibre
    Subhankar Maity, Pranjul Vajpeyee, Pintu Pandit and Kunal Singha
    12.1 Introduction
    12.2 The orange fruit
    12.3 Orange peel waste as a textile raw material
    12.4 Structure and chemical composition of the orange peel
    12.5 Fibre extraction method
    12.6 Preparation of film from orange peel extracts
    12.7 Fibre morphology and properties
    12.8 Chemical composition of orange fibre
    12.9 Burning behaviour of orange fibre
    12.10 Solubility behaviour of orange fibre
    12.11 Moisture absorbency behaviour of orange fibre
    12.12 FTIR spectroscopy
    12.13 Thermal characterization of orange fibre
    12.14 Anti-microbial efficacy of orange fibre
    12.15 Benefits of textiles made of orange peel extracts

    13 Coffee fibres from coffee waste
    Ajit Kumar Pattanayak
    13.1 Introduction
    13.2 Coffee botanicas
    13.3 Recycled PET (rPET)
    13.4 Coffee fibres
    13.5 Sustainable products from coffee waste
    13.6 Sustainability of coffee fabric manufacturing
    13.7 Conclusions and futuristic trends

    14 Recycled fibres from polyester and nylon waste
    Sanat Kumar Sahoo and Ashwini Kumar Dash
    14.1 Introduction
    14.2 Textile recycling
    14.3 Polyester
    14.4 Nylon
    14.5 Conclusion
    14.6 Sources of further information

    15 Composites derived from biodegradable Textile wastes: A pathway to the future
    Saniyat Islam
    15.1 Introduction
    15.2 Textile waste
    15.3 Material thinking
    15.4 Designing out waste with a material circularity approach
    15.5 What are textile composites?
    15.6 What are biocomposites?
    15.7 Aspects of biodegradability of natural cellulose-based fibres
    15.8 Natural fibres as reinforcement for composites materials
    15.9 Opportunities and challenges around natural fibres reinforced polymers
    15.10 Design innovations
    15.11 Streamlining waste
    15.12 Way forward
    15.13 Conclusion

    Part Five Organizations, standards and challenges

    16 Organizations and certifications relating to sustainable fibres
    Kunal Singha, Subhankar Maity and Pintu Pandit
    16.1 Introduction
    16.2 Key sustainability organizations and certifications
    16.3 Fair labour schemes and initiatives
    16.4 Examples of sustainable textile fibres and fabric materials
    16.5 Conclusion

    17 Challenges and future directions in sustainable textile materials
    Lebo Maduna and Asis Patnaik
    17.1 Introduction
    17.2 Clothing production
    17.3 Consumer behaviour
    17.4 Sustainability approach
    17.5 Recycling
    17.6 Second-hand clothing
    17.7 Fibres
    17.8 Dyeing
    17.9 Recycling methods
    17.10 Ecolabel
    17.11 Future direction
    17.12 Conclusion

    18 Life cycle analysis of textiles and associated carbon emissions
    Yamini Jhanji
    18.1 Introduction to life cycle assessment (LCA)
    18.2 Environmental impact, carbon emissions & the ardent need of LCA
    18.3 Carbon footprint, classification & related parameters
    18.4 LCA framework methodology
    18.5 Conclusion

Product details

  • No. of pages: 468
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2022
  • Published: October 23, 2022
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128240533
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128240526

About the Editor

Rajkishore Nayak

Dr. Rajkishore Nayak is currently working as Associate Professor (Fashion Enterprise) at the School of Communication and Design, RMIT University, Vietnam. He completed his PhD from the School of Fashion and Textiles, RMIT University, Australia. He has around 20 years of experience in teaching, research, and industry related to fashion and textiles in India, Australia, and Vietnam. He published about 120 peer-reviewed papers in national and international journals. He has authored 4 books and edited 8 books relating to the recent trends in fashion and textiles. He has also published 30 book chapters and 20 conference papers in fashion and textiles. His research interest includes sustainable fashion and textiles, circular economy, waste management, advanced manufacturing, and social media marketing in fashion.

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor (Fashion Enterprise), Centre of Communication and Design, RMIT University, Vietnam.

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